Traffic law 2

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Color requirements
(a) Unless expressly provided otherwise, a lighting device or reflector mounted on the rear of a vehicle must be or reflect red.

(b) A signaling device mounted on the rear of a vehicle may be red, amber, or yellow.
Restrictions on use of lights
(a) A motor vehicle lamp or illuminating device, other than a headlamp, spot-lamp, auxiliary lamp, turn signal lamp, or emergency vehicle or school bus warning lamp, that projects a beam with an intensity brighter than 300 candlepower shall be directed so that no part of the high-intensity portion of the beam strikes the roadway at a distance of more than 75 feet from the vehicle.

(b) Except as expressly authorized by law, a person may not operate or move equipment or a vehicle, other than a police vehicle, with a lamp or device that displays a red light visible from directly in front of the center of the equipment or vehicle.

(c) A person may not operate a motor vehicle equipped with a red, white, or blue beacon, flashing, or alternating light unless the equipment is:
(1) used as specifically authorized by this chapter; or
(2) a running lamp, headlamp, tail-lamp, backup lamp, or turn signal lamp that is used as authorized by law.
Restrictions on use of lights cont...
(d) A vehicle may be equipped with alternately flashing lighting equipment only if the vehicle is:
(1) a school bus;
(2) an authorized emergency vehicle;
(3) a church bus that has the words "church bus" printed on the front and rear of the bus so as to be clearly discernable to other vehicle operators;
(4) a tow truck while under the direction of a law enforcement officer at the scene of an accident or while hooking up to a disabled vehicle on a roadway; or
(5) a tow truck with a mounted light bar which has turn signals and stop lamps in addition to those required by

(e) A person may not operate highway maintenance or service equipment, including snow-removal equipment, that is not equipped with lamps or that does not display lighted lamps as required by the standards and specifications adopted by the Texas Department of Transportation.
Headlamps required
(a) A motor vehicle shall be equipped with at least two headlamps.

(b) At least one headlamp shall be mounted on each side of the front of the vehicle.

(c) Each headlamp shall be mounted at a height from 24 to 54 inches.
Tail lamps required
(a) Except as provided by Subsection (b), a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, pole trailer, or vehicle that is towed at the end of a combination of vehicles shall be equipped with at least two tail-lamps

(c) Tail-lamps shall be mounted on the rear of the vehicle:
(1) at a height from 15 to 72 inches; and
(2) at the same level and spaced as widely apart as practicable if a vehicle is equipped with more than one lamp.

(d) A tail-lamp shall emit a red light plainly visible at a distance of 1,000 feet from the rear of the vehicle.

(f) A tail-lamp or a separate lamp shall be constructed and mounted to emit a white light that:
(1) illuminates the rear license plate; and
(2) makes the plate clearly legible at a distance of 50 feet from the rear.

(g) A tail-lamp, including a separate lamp used to illuminate a rear license plate, must emit a light when a headlamp or auxiliary driving lamp is lighted.
Stop-lamps required
(a) Except as provided by Subsection (b), a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, or pole trailer shall be equipped with at least two stop-lamps.

(b) A passenger car manufactured or assembled before the model year 1960 shall be equipped with at least one stop-lamp.

(c) A stop-lamp shall be mounted on the rear of the vehicle.

(d) A stop-lamp shall emit a red or amber light, or a color between red and amber, that is:
(1) visible in normal sunlight at a distance of at least 300 feet from the rear of the vehicle; and
(2) displayed when the vehicle service brake is applied.
Turn signal lamps required
(a) Except as provided by Subsection (b), a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, or pole trailer shall be equipped with electric turn signal lamps that indicate the operator's intent to turn by displaying flashing lights to the front and rear of a vehicle or combination of vehicles and on that side of the vehicle or combination toward which the turn is to be made.

(b) Subsection (a) does not apply to a passenger car or truck less than 80 inches wide manufactured or assembled before the model year 1960.

(c) Turn signal lamps:
(1) shall be mounted at the same level and spaced as widely apart as practicable on the front and on the rear of the vehicle; and
(2) may be included as a part of another lamp on the vehicle.

(d) A turn signal lamp shall emit:
(1) a white or amber light, or a color between white and amber, if the lamp is mounted on the front of the vehicle; or
(2) a red or amber light, or a color between red and amber, if the lamp is mounted on the rear of the vehicle.

(e) A turn signal lamp must be visible in normal sunlight at a distance of:
(1) at least 500 feet from the front and rear of the vehicle if the vehicle is at least 80 inches wide; and
(2) at least 300 feet from the front and rear of the vehicle if the vehicle is less than 80 inches wide.
Reflectors required
(a) Except as provided by Subchapter F, a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, or pole trailer shall be equipped with at least two red reflectors on the rear of the vehicle. A red reflector may be included as a part of a tail-lamp.

(b) A reflector shall be:
(1) mounted at a height from 15 to 60 inches; and
(2) visible at night at all distances:

(A) from 100 to 600 feet when directly in front of lawful lower beams of headlamps; or
(B) from 100 to 350 feet when directly in front of lawful upper beams of headlamps if the vehicle was manufactured or assembled before January 1, 1972.
Minimum lighting equipment required
(a) A vehicle that is not specifically required to be equipped with lamps or other lighting devices shall be equipped at the times ) with at least one lamp that emits a white light visible at a distance of at least 1,000 feet from the front and:

(1) two lamps that emit a red light visible at a distance of at least 1,000 feet from the rear; or
(2) one lamp that emits a red light visible at a distance of at least 1,000 feet from the rear and two red reflectors visible when illuminated by the lawful lower beams of headlamps at all distances from 100 to 600 feet to the rear.

(b) This section also applies to an animal-drawn vehicle
Spot lamps permitted
(a) A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than two spot-lamps.

(b) A spot-lamp shall be aimed so that no part of the high-intensity portion of the beam strikes the windshield, window, mirror, or occupant of another vehicle in use.
Fog lamps permitted
(a) A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than two fog lamps.

(b) A fog lamp shall be:
(1) mounted on the front of the vehicle at a height from 12 to 30 inches; and
(2) aimed so that no part of the high-intensity portion of the beam from a lamp mounted to the left of center on a vehicle projects a beam of light at a distance of 25 feet that is higher than four inches below the level of the center of the lamp.

(c) Lighted fog lamps may be used with lower headlamp beams
Multiple beam lighting equipment required
(a) Unless provided otherwise, a headlamp, auxiliary driving lamp, auxiliary passing lamp, or combination of those lamps mounted on a motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle:

(1) shall be arranged so that the operator can select at will between distributions of light projected at different elevations; and
(2) may be arranged so that the operator can select the distribution automatically.

(b) A lamp identified by Subsection (a) shall produce:
(1) an uppermost distribution of light or composite beam that is aimed and emits light sufficient to reveal a person or vehicle at a distance of at least 450 feet ahead during all conditions of loading; and
(2) a lowermost distribution of light or composite beam that:

(A) is aimed and emits light sufficient to reveal a person or vehicle at a distance of at least 150 feet ahead; and
(B) is aimed so that no part of the high-intensity portion of the beam on a vehicle that is operated on a straight, level road under any condition of loading projects into the eyes of an approaching vehicle operator.
Multiple-beam lighting equipment required
(c) A person who operates a vehicle on a roadway or shoulder shall select a distribution of light or composite beam that is aimed and emits light sufficient to reveal a person or vehicle at a safe distance ahead of the vehicle, except that:

(1) an operator approaching an oncoming vehicle within 500 feet shall select:
(A) the lowermost distribution of light or composite beam, regardless of road contour or condition of loading; or
(B) a distribution aimed so that no part of the high-intensity portion of the lamp projects into the eyes of an approaching vehicle operator; and
(2) an operator approaching a vehicle from the rear within 300 feet may not select the uppermost distribution of light.
Additional lighting requirements for ceretain large vehicles
In addition to other equipment required by this chapter:
(1) a bus, truck, trailer, or semitrailer that is at least 80 inches wide shall be equipped with:
(A) two clearance lamps on the front, one at each side;
(B) two clearance lamps on the rear, one at each side;
(C) four side marker lamps, one on each side at or near the front and one on each side at or near the rear;
(D) four reflectors, one on each side at or near the front and one on each side at or near the rear;
Additional lighting requirements for certain large vehicles cont...
(3) a trailer or semitrailer that is at least 30 feet long shall be equipped with:
(A) two side marker lamps, one centrally mounted on each side with respect to the length of the vehicle;
(B) two reflectors, one centrally mounted on each side with respect to the length of the vehicle; and

(4) a pole trailer shall be equipped with:
(A) two side marker lamps, one at each side at or near the front of the load;
(B) one reflector at or near the front of the load;
(C) one combination marker lamp that:
(i) emits an amber light to the front and a red light to the rear and side; and
(ii) is mounted on the rearmost support for the load to indicate the maximum width of the trailer; and
(D) hazard lamps that meet the requirements of Section 547.331, if the pole trailer is at least 30 feet long or at least 80 inches wide;

(5) a truck-tractor shall be equipped with:
(A) two clearance lamps, one at each side on the front of the cab; and
(B) hazard lamps that meet the requirements of Section 547.331, if the truck-tractor is at least 30 feet long or at least 80 inches wide; and

(6) a vehicle at least 80 inches wide may be equipped with:
(A) not more than three front identification lamps without glare; and
(B) not more than three rear identification lamps without glare.
General lighting equipment requirements
(a) Except as provided by Subsection (b), a farm tractor, self-propelled unit of farm equipment, or implement of husbandry shall be equipped with:
(1) at least two headlamps
(2) at least one red lamp visible at a distance of at least 1,000 feet from the rear and mounted as far to the left of the center of the vehicle as practicable;
(3) at least two red reflectors visible at all distances from 100 to 600 feet from the rear when directly in front of lawful lower beams of headlamps; and
(4) hazard lamps as described in Section 547.331, which shall be lighted and visible in normal sunlight at a distance of at least 1,000 feet from the front and rear.
(b) A farm tractor, self-propelled unit of farm equipment, or implement of husbandry manufactured or assembled on or before January 1, 1972, is required to be equipped as provided by Subsection (a) only at the times specified by Section 547.302(a), and hazard lamps are not required.
Lighting requirements for combination vehicles
(a) If a unit of farm equipment or implement of husbandry is towed by a farm tractor and the towed object or its load extends more than four feet to the rear of the tractor or obscures a light on the tractor, the towed object shall be equipped at the times with at least two rear red reflectors that are:
(1) visible at all distances from 100 to 600 feet when directly in front of lawful lower beams of headlamps; and
(2) mounted to indicate, as nearly as practicable, the extreme width of the vehicle or combination of vehicles.
(b) If a unit of farm equipment or implement of husbandry is towed by a farm tractor and extends more than four feet to the left of the centerline of the tractor, the towed object shall be equipped at the times with a front amber reflector that is:
(1) visible at all distances from 100 to 600 feet when directly in front of lawful lower beams of headlamps; and
(2) mounted to indicate, as nearly as practicable, the extreme left projection of the towed object.
(c) Reflective tape or paint may be used as an alternative to the reflectors required by this section if the alternative complies with the other requirements of this section.
Lighting requirements on parked vehicles
(a) A vehicle, other than a motor-driven cycle, shall be equipped with at least one lamp, or a combination of lamps, that:

(1) emits a white or amber light visible at a distance of 1,000 feet from the front and a red light visible at a distance of 1,000 feet from the rear; and
(2) is mounted so that at least one lamp is installed as near as practicable to the side of the vehicle that is closest to passing traffic.

(b) A vehicle, other than a motor-driven cycle, that is parked or stopped on a roadway or shoulder at a time shall display a lamp that complies with Subsection (a).

(c) A vehicle that is lawfully parked on a highway is not required to display lights at night-time if there is sufficient light to reveal a person or vehicle on the highway at a distance of 1,000 feet.

(d) A lighted headlamp on a parked vehicle shall be dimmed.
Brakes required
(a) Except as provided by Subsection (b), a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, pole trailer, or combination of those vehicles shall be equipped with brakes that comply with this chapter.

(b) A trailer, semitrailer, or pole trailer is not required to have brakes if:
(1) its gross weight is 4,500 pounds or less; or
(2) its gross weight is heavier than 4,500 pounds but not heavier than 15,000 pounds, and it is drawn at a speed of not more than 30 miles per hour.
Safety belts required
A motor vehicle required by Chapter 548 to be inspected shall be equipped with front safety belts if safety belt anchorages were part of the manufacturer's original equipment on the vehicle.
Mirrors required
A motor vehicle, including a motor vehicle used to tow another vehicle, shall be equipped with a mirror located to reflect to the operator a view of the highway for a distance of at least 200 feet from the rear of the vehicle.
Windshield wipers required
A motor vehicle shall be equipped with a device that is operated or controlled by the operator of the vehicle and that cleans moisture from the windshield. The device shall be maintained in good working condition.
Muffler required
(a) A motor vehicle shall be equipped with a muffler in good working condition that continually operates to prevent excessive or unusual noise.
(b) A person may not use a muffler cutout, bypass, or similar device on a motor vehicle.
Emission system required
(a) The engine and power mechanism of a motor vehicle shall be equipped and adjusted to prevent the escape of excessive smoke or fumes.

(b) A motor vehicle or motor vehicle engine, of a model year after 1967, shall be equipped to prevent the discharge of crankcase emissions into the ambient atmosphere.

(c) The owner or operator of a motor vehicle or motor vehicle engine, of a model year after 1967, that is equipped with an exhaust emission system:
(1) shall maintain the system in good working condition;
(2) shall use the system when the motor vehicle or motor vehicle engine is operated; and
(3) may not remove the system or a part of the system or intentionally make the system inoperable in this state, unless the owner or operator removes the system or part to install another system or part intended to be equally effective in reducing atmospheric emissions.
Emission system required cont...
(d) Except when travel conditions require the downshifting or use of lower gears to maintain reasonable momentum, a person commits an offense if the person operates, or as an owner knowingly permits another person to operate, a vehicle that emits:
(1) visible smoke for 10 seconds or longer; or
(2) visible smoke that remains suspended in the air for 10 seconds or longer before fully dissipating.
(e) An offense under this section is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than $1 and not more than $350 for each violation. If a person has previously been convicted of an offense under this section, an offense under this section is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than $200 and not more than $1,000 for each violation.
Safety guard or flaps required
(a) A road tractor, truck, trailer, truck-tractor in combination with a semitrailer, or semitrailer in combination with a towing vehicle that has at least four tires or at least two super single tires on the rearmost axle of the vehicle or the rearmost vehicle in the combination shall be equipped with safety guards or flaps that:

(1) are of a type prescribed by the department; and
(2) are located and suspended behind the rearmost wheels of the vehicle or the rearmost vehicle in the combination within eight inches of the surface of the highway.

(b) This section does not apply to a truck-tractor operated alone or a pole trailer.
Sun screening devices required
A sun-screening device must have a label that:

(1) is legible;
(2) contains information required by the department on light transmission and luminous reflectance of the device;
(3) if the device is placed on or attached to a windshield or a side or rear window, states that the light transmission of the device as applicable; and
(4) is permanently installed between the material and the surface to which the material is applied.
Motorcycle footrests and handholds required
A motorcycle that is designed to carry more than one person must be equipped with footrests and handholds for use by the passenger
Motorcycles lighting equipment requirements
(a) A motorcycle, including a motor-driven cycle, shall be equipped with:
(1) not more than two headlamps mounted at a height from 24 to 54 inches;
(2) at least one tail-lamp mounted at a height from 20 to 72 inches;
(3) a tail-lamp or separate lamp to illuminate the rear license plate that complies with the requirements
(4) at least one stop-lamp that complies with the requirements and
(5) at least one rear red reflector that complies with the requirements of and may be included as a part of the tail-lamp.

(b) A motorcycle, other than a motor-driven cycle, shall be equipped with multiple-beam lighting equipment that produces:​
(1) an uppermost distribution of light that reveals a person or vehicle at a distance of at least 300 feet ahead; and​
(2) a lowermost distribution of light that:​
(A) reveals a person or vehicle at a distance of at least 150 feet ahead; and​
(B) is aimed so that no part of the high-intensity portion of the beam on the motorcycle that is on a straight and level road under any condition of loading projects into the eyes of an approaching vehicle operator.​
Motorcycle lighting equipment requirements cont...
(c) A motor-driven cycle shall be equipped with:
(1) multiple-beam lighting equipment that complies with the requirements of Subsection (b); or

(2) single-beam lighting equipment that:
(A) emits light sufficient to reveal a person or vehicle:
(i) at a distance of at least 100 feet when the cycle is operated at a speed less than 25 miles per hour;
(ii) at a distance of at least 200 feet when the cycle is operated at a speed of 25 miles per hour or more; and
(iii) at a distance of at least 300 feet when the cycle is operated at a speed of 35 miles per hour or more; and

(B) is aimed so that no part of the high-intensity portion of the beam from the lamp on a loaded cycle projects a beam higher than the level center of the lamp for a distance of 25 feet ahead.
(d) A motorcycle may not be operated at any time unless at least one headlamp on the motorcycle is illuminated. This subsection does not apply to a motorcycle manufactured before the model year 1975.
Solicitation by pedestrians
(a) A person may not stand in a roadway to solicit a ride, contribution, employment, or business from an occupant of a vehicle, except that a person may stand in a roadway to solicit a charitable contribution if authorized to do so by the local authority having jurisdiction over the roadway.

(b) A person may not stand on or near a highway to solicit the watching or guarding of a vehicle parked or to be parked on the highway.
Required equipment on ATV's
(a) An all-terrain vehicle that is operated on public property must be equipped with:

(1) a brake system maintained in good operating condition;
(2) an adequate muffler system in good working condition; and
(3) a United States Forest Service qualified spark arrester.

(b) An all-terrain vehicle that is operated on public property must display a lighted headlight and taillight:
(1) during the period from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise; and
(2) at any time when visibility is reduced because of insufficient light or atmospheric conditions.

(c) A person may not operate an all-terrain vehicle on public property if:
(1) the vehicle has an exhaust system that has been modified with a cutout, bypass, or similar device; or
(2) the spark arrester has been removed or modified, unless the vehicle is being operated in a closed-course competition event.

(d) The coordinator may exempt all-terrain vehicles that are participating in certain competitive events from the requirements of this section.
Crossing a fire hose
An operator may not, without the consent of the fire department official in command, drive over an unprotected hose of a fire department if the hose is on a street or private driveway and is intended for use at a fire or alarm of fire.
Child passenger safety seat system
(a) A person commits an offense if the person operates a passenger vehicle, transports a child who is younger than eight years of age, unless the child is taller than four feet, nine inches, and does not keep the child secured during the operation of the vehicle in a child passenger safety seat system according to the instructions of the manufacturer of the safety seat system.

(b) An offense under this section is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than $25 and not more than $250.

(c) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the person was operating the vehicle in an emergency or for a law enforcement purpose.

(e) This section does not apply to a person:
(1) operating a vehicle transporting passengers for hire, excluding third-party transport service providers when transporting clients pursuant to a contract to provide nonemergency Medicaid transportation; or
(2) transporting a child in a vehicle in which all seating positions equipped with child passenger safety seat systems or safety belts are occupied.
Riding in open beds
(a) A person commits an offense if the person operates an open-bed pickup truck or an open flatbed truck or draws an open flatbed trailer when a child younger than 18 years of age is occupying the bed of the truck or trailer.
(b) An offense under this section is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less
than $25 or more than $200.

(c) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the person was:

(1) operating or towing the vehicle in a parade or in an emergency;
(2) operating the vehicle to transport farm-workers from one field to another field on a farm-to-market road, ranch-to-market road, or county road outside a municipality;
(3) operating the vehicle on a beach;
(4) operating a vehicle that is the only vehicle owned or operated by the members of a household; or
(5) operating the vehicle in a hayride
Reckless driving
(a) A person commits an offense if the person drives a vehicle in willful or wanton disregard for the safety of persons or property.​

(b) An offense under this section is a misdemeanor punishable by:​
(1) a fine not to exceed $200;​
(2) confinement in county jail for not more than 30 days; or​
(3) both the fine and the confinement.​

(c) Notwithstanding Section 542.001, this section applies to:​
(1) a private access way or parking area provided for a client or patron by a business, other than a private residential property or the property of a garage or parking lot for which a charge is made for the storing or parking of motor vehicles; and​
(2) a highway or other public place.​

(d) Notwithstanding Section 542.004, this section applies to a person, a team, or motor vehicles and other equipment engaged in work on a highway surface.
Unattended motor vehicle
An operator may not leave the vehicle unattended without:​

(1) stopping the engine;​
(2) locking the ignition;​
(3) removing the key from the ignition;​
(4) setting the parking brake effectively; and​
(5) if standing on a grade, turning the front ​
wheels to the curb or side of the highway.
Following or obstructing fire apparatus or ambulance
(a) An operator, unless on official business, may not follow closer than 500 feet a fire apparatus responding to a fire alarm or drive into or park the vehicle in the block where the fire apparatus has stopped to answer a fire alarm.​

(b) An operator may not:​
(1) follow closer than 500 feet an ambulance that is flashing red lights unless the operator is on official business; or​
(2) drive or park the vehicle where an ambulance has been summoned for an emergency call in a manner intended to interfere with the arrival or departure of the ambulance.
Safety Chains
(a) An operator of a passenger car or light truck may not draw a trailer, semitrailer, house trailer, or another motor vehicle unless safety chains of a type approved by the department are attached in a manner approved by the department from the trailer, semitrailer, house trailer, or drawn motor vehicle to the drawing vehicle. This subsection does not apply to the drawing of a trailer or semitrailer used for agricultural purposes.​
Use of rest area
(a) A person commits an offense if the person remains at a rest area for longer than 24 hours or erects a tent, shelter, booth, or structure at the rest area and the person:​

(1) has notice while conducting the activity that the activity is prohibited; or​
(2) receives notice that the activity is prohibited but does not depart or remove the structure within eight hours after receiving notice.
Safety belts: offense
(a) A person commits an offense if:​

(1) the person:​

(A) is at least 15 years of age;​
(B) is riding in a passenger vehicle ​ while the vehicle is being operated;​
(C) is occupying a seat that is equipped with a safety belt; and​
(D) is not secured by a safety belt; or​

(2) as the operator of a school bus equipped with a safety belt for the operator's seat, the person is not secured by the safety belt.​

* "Passenger vehicle" means a passenger car, light truck, sport utility vehicle, passenger van designed to transport 15 or fewer passengers, including the driver, truck, or truck tractor.
Safety belt offense: defense to prosecution
(e) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that:​

(1) the person possesses a written statement from a licensed physician stating that for a medical reason the person should not wear a safety belt;​
(2) the person presents to the court, not later than the 10th day after the date of the offense, a statement from a licensed physician stating that for a medical reason the person should not wear a safety belt;​
(3) the person is employed by the United States Postal Service and performing a duty for that agency that requires the operator to service postal boxes from a vehicle or that requires frequent entry into and exit from a vehicle;​
(4) the person is engaged in the actual delivery of newspapers from a vehicle or is performing newspaper delivery duties that require frequent entry into and exit from a vehicle;​
(5) the person is employed by a public or private utility company and is engaged in the reading of meters or performing a similar duty for that company requiring the operator to frequently enter into and exit from a vehicle; ​
(6) the person is operating a commercial vehicle registered as a farm vehicle under the provisions of Section 502.163 that does not have a gross weight, registered weight, or gross weight rating of 48,000 pounds or more; or​
(7) the person is the operator of or a passenger in a vehicle used exclusively to transport solid waste and performing duties that require frequent entry into and exit from the vehicle.
Opening vehicle doors
A person may not:​

(1) open the door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic, unless the door may be opened in reasonable safety without interfering with the movement of other traffic;

(2) leave a door on the side of a vehicle next to moving traffic open for longer than is necessary to load or unload a passenger.
Fleeing or attempting to elude ​police officer
(a) A person commits an offense if the person operates a motor vehicle and willfully fails or refuses to bring the vehicle to a stop or flees, or attempts to elude, a pursuing police vehicle when given a visual or audible signal to bring the vehicle to a stop.​

(b) A signal under this section that is given by a police officer pursuing a vehicle may be by hand, voice, emergency light, or siren. The officer giving the signal must be in uniform and prominently display the officer's badge of office. The officer's vehicle must bear the insignia of a law enforcement agency, regardless of whether the vehicle displays an emergency light.
Use of wireless communication device
Except as provided by Subsection (c), an operator may not use a wireless communication device while operating a motor vehicle within a school crossing zone, unless:​

(1) the vehicle is stopped; or​
(2) the wireless communication device is used with a hands-free device.
(3) it is to make an emergency call
(4) it is a police officer making a call on official business
Hazard lamps permitted
(a) A vehicle may be equipped with lamps to warn other vehicle operators of a vehicular traffic hazard that requires unusual care in approaching, overtaking, or passing.​

(b) The lamps shall be:​
(1) mounted at the same level and spaced as widely apart as practicable on the front and on the rear of the vehicle; and​
(2) visible at a distance of at least 500 feet in normal sunlight.​

(c) The lamps shall display simultaneously flashing lights that emit:​
(1) a white or amber light, or a color between white and amber, if the lamp is mounted on the front of the vehicle; or​
(2) a red or amber light, or a color between red and amber, if the lamp is mounted on the rear of the vehicle.
Abandoned motor vehicles
(a) For the purposes of this chapter, a motor vehicle is abandoned if the motor vehicle:​

(1) is inoperable, is more than five years old, and has been left unattended on public property for more than 48 hours;​
(2) has remained illegally on public property for more than 48 hours;​
(3) has remained on private property without the consent of the owner or person in charge of the property for more than 48 hours;​
(4) has been left unattended on the right-of-way of a designated county, state, or federal highway for more than 48 hours;​
(5) has been left unattended for more than 24 hours on the right-of-way of a turnpike project constructed and maintained by the Texas Turnpike Authority division of the Texas Department of Transportation or a controlled access highway; or​
(6) is considered an abandoned motor vehicle under Section 644.153(r). {CMV that is impounded and the fees are unpaid}.
Disabled parking placecard
A disabled parking placard must be two-sided and hooked and include on each side:​
(1) the international symbol of access, which must be at least three inches in height, be centered on the placard, and be:​
(A) white on a blue shield for a placard issued to a person with a permanent disability; or​
(B) white on a red shield for a placard issued to a person with a temporary disability;​
(2) an identification number;​
(3) an expiration date at least three inches in height; and​
(4) the seal or other identification of the department.​

(d) A disabled parking placard must bear a hologram designed to prevent the reproduction of the placard or the production of a counterfeit placard.​

(e) In addition to the expiration date included on a disabled parking placard under Subsection (b), the expiration date must be indicated on the placard by a month and year hole-punch system
ATV Operation of a person under 14 years old
A person younger than 14 years of age who is operating an all-terrain vehicle must be accompanied by and be under the direct supervision of:​

(1) the person's parent or guardian; or​
(2) an adult who is authorized by the person's parent or guardian.
Pedestrian right-of-way if control signal present
(a) A pedestrian control signal displaying "Walk," "Don't Walk," or "Wait" applies to a pedestrian as provided by this section.​

(b) A pedestrian facing a "Walk" signal may proceed across a roadway in the direction of the signal, and the operator of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to the pedestrian.​

(c) A pedestrian may not start to cross a roadway in the direction of a "Don't Walk" signal or a "Wait" signal. A pedestrian who has partially crossed while the "Walk" signal is displayed shall proceed to a sidewalk or safety island while the "Don't Walk" signal or "Wait" signal is displayed.
Pedestrian right-of-way at crosswalk
(a) The operator of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian crossing a roadway in a crosswalk if:​

(1) no traffic control signal is in place or in operation; and​
(2) the pedestrian is:​
(A) on the half of the roadway in which the vehicle is traveling; or​
(B) approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger.​

(b) Notwithstanding Subsection (a), a pedestrian may not suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and proceed into a crosswalk in the path of a vehicle so close that it is impossible for the vehicle operator to yield.​

(c) The operator of a vehicle approaching from the rear of a vehicle that is stopped at a crosswalk to permit a pedestrian to cross a roadway may not pass the stopped vehicle.
Pedestrian to keep to right
A pedestrian shall proceed on the right half of a crosswalk if possible.
Safety equipment: bicycle
(a) A person may not operate a bicycle unless the bicycle is equipped with a brake capable of making a braked wheel skid on dry, level, clean pavement.​

(b) A person may not operate a bicycle at nighttime unless the bicycle is equipped with:​
(1) a lamp on the front of the bicycle that emits a white light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet in front of the bicycle; and​
(2) on the rear of the bicycle:​

(A) a red reflector that is:​
(i) of a type approved by the department; and​
(ii) visible when directly in front of lawful upper beams of motor vehicle headlamps from all distances from 50 to 300 feet to the rear of the bicycle; or​
(B) a lamp that emits a red light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear of the bicycle.
Rights and duties: bicycle
(a) A person operating a bicycle has the rights and duties applicable to a driver operating a vehicle under this subtitle, unless:​

(1) a provision of this chapter alters a right or duty; or​
(2) a right or duty applicable to a driver operating a vehicle cannot by its nature apply to a person operating a bicycle.​

(b) A parent of a child or a guardian of a ward may not knowingly permit the child or ward to violate this subtitle.
Additional Equipment for emergency vehicles
(a) An authorized emergency vehicle may be equipped with a siren, exhaust whistle, or bell:​
(1) of a type approved by the department; and​
(2) that emits a sound audible under normal conditions at a distance of at least 500 feet.​

(b) The operator of an authorized emergency vehicle shall use the siren, whistle, or bell when necessary to warn other vehicle operators or pedestrians of the approach of the emergency vehicle.​

(c) Except as provided by this section, an authorized emergency vehicle shall be equipped with signal lamps that:​
(1) are mounted as high and as widely spaced laterally as practicable;​
(2) display four alternately flashing red lights, two located on the front at the same level and two located on the rear at the same level; and​
(3) emit a light visible at a distance of 500 feet in normal sunlight.​

(e) A private vehicle operated by a volunteer firefighter responding to a fire alarm or a medical emergency may be but is not required to be equipped with a signal lamp that is temporarily attached to the vehicle roof and flashes a red light visible at a distance of at least 500 feet in normal sunlight.​
Display of hazard lamps
(a) The operator of a vehicle that is stopped on a roadway or shoulder shall immediately display vehicular hazard warning lamps that comply, unless the vehicle:​
(1) is parked lawfully in an urban district;​
(2) is stopped lawfully to receive or discharge a passenger;​
(3) is stopped to avoid conflict with other traffic;​
(4) is stopped to comply with a direction of a police officer or an official traffic-control device; or​

(b) This section applies to a truck, bus, truck-tractor, trailer, semitrailer, or pole trailer at least 80 inches wide or at least 30 feet long.
Operation of vehicle under improper registration
(a) A person commits an offense if the person operates on a public highway during a registration period a motor vehicle that does not properly display the registration insignia issued by the department that establishes that the license plates have been validated for the period.

b) A person commits an offense if the person operates on a public highway during a registration period a road tractor, motorcycle, trailer of semitrailer that does not properly display the registration insignia issued by the department that establishes that the license plates have been validated for the period.

c) This section does not apply to a dealer operating a vehicle as provided by law.

d) (Fix-it ticket).
Dealers temporary tags
(a) A dealer may issue a temporary tag for use on an unregistered vehicle by the dealer or the dealer's employees only to:
(1) demonstrate or cause to be demonstrated to a prospective buyer the vehicle for sale purposes only;
(2) convey or cause to be conveyed the vehicle:
(A) from one of the dealer's places of business in this state to another of the dealer's places of business in this state;
(B) from the dealer's place of business to a place the vehicle is to be repaired, reconditioned, or serviced;
(C) from the state line or a location in this state where the vehicle is unloaded to the dealer's place of business;
(D) from the dealer's place of business to a place of business of another dealer;
(E) from the point of purchase by the dealer to the dealer's place of business; or
(F) to road test the vehicle; or
(3) use the vehicle for or allow its use by a charitable organization.
(b) Subsection (a)(1) does not prohibit a dealer from permitting:
(1) a prospective buyer to operate a vehicle while the vehicle is being demonstrated; or
(2) a customer to operate a vehicle temporarily while the customer's vehicle is being repaired.
Buyer's temporary tags
(a) Except as provided by this section, a dealer shall issue to a person who buys a vehicle one temporary buyer's tag for the vehicle.
(b) Except as provided by this section, the buyer's tag is valid for the operation of the vehicle until the earlier of:
(1) the date on which the vehicle is registered; or
(2) the 60th day after the date of purchase.
(c) The dealer:
(1) must show in ink on the buyer's tag the actual date of sale and any other required information; and
(2) is responsible for displaying the tag.
(d) The dealer is responsible for the safekeeping and distribution of each buyer's tag the dealer obtains.
Limitation on use of dealer's license plate and tags
(a) A dealer or an employee of a dealer may not use a dealer's temporary tag as authorization to operate a vehicle for the dealer's or the employee's personal use.

(b) A person may not use a metal dealer's license plate or dealer's temporary tag on:
(1) a service or work vehicle; or
(2) a commercial vehicle that is carrying a load.
Requirement of financial responsibility
A person may not operate a motor vehicle in this state unless financial responsibility is established for that vehicle through:
(1) a motor vehicle liability insurance policy that complies with Subchapter D;
Exceptions of financial responsibility requirements
(a) Section 601.051 does not apply to:
(1) the operation of a motor vehicle that:
(A) is a former military vehicle or is at least 25 years old;
(B) is used only for exhibitions, club activities, parades, and other functions of public interest and not for regular transportation; and
(C) for which the owner files with the department an affidavit, signed by the owner, stating that the vehicle is a collector's item and used only as described by Paragraph (B);
(2) the operation of a golf cart that is operated only as authorized
Removing material from highway
(a) A person who drops or permits to be dropped or thrown on a highway destructive or injurious material shall immediately remove the material or cause it to be removed.

b) A person who removes a wrecked or damaged vehicle from a highway shall remove glass or another injurious substance dropped on the highway from the vehicle.