HIST 103 chapter 3
Terms in this set (9)
Explain the differences between nomadic pastoral and transhumant migrations. How did each shape Afro-Eurasian history during the second millennium BCE
pastoral - migrate over great distances
transhumant - migrate seasonally and live close to other settlements. Transhumant threatened the people of large cities.
Analyze the impact of the domestication of horses on Afro-Eurasia during this period. How did this development affect both nomadic and settled societies?
Could move faster. Led to invention of chariot - revolutionized warfare. Combination of nomadic and city peoples because nomadic trained horses and city worked on iron and bronze (etc) parts for chariots.
Define the term territorial state. In what areas of Afro-Eurasia did this new form of political organization emerge and thrive?
Political power that is exercised over a larger geographical territory.Emerged and thrived in Egypt, Mesopotamia and China. Also emerged in Greece and Aegean.
compare and contrast political developments in Mesopotamia and Egypt during this period. To what extent did outside groups influence each region?
Outside groups = intervention of pastoral peoples led to the emergence of new states
Compare and contrast Austronesian and Indo-European migrations. What impact did each people have on the regions it settled?
Austronesian - colonized islands with seafaring skills. They were able to monopolize trade wherever they were due to their sea skills.
Describe the Shang state in east Asia. How was it similar and different from the territorial states of western Afro-Eurasia.
built on agricultural and riverine village cultures. Did not evolve out of city states (as occured in Mesopotamia and Egypt). Did not have clearly established borders.
Compare and contrast the islands of the south pacific to these in the eastern Mediterranean. Why were societies in the South Pacific more fragmented and isolated than those in the eastern Mediterranean.
South Pacific - they traded back and forth and did not integrate the islands into mainland culture.
Mediterranean - initially resembled south pacific , but after people moved to mainland Greece they searched for resources and interaction with their neighbors through the sea.
Explain why early state structures were smaller and less integrated in Europe and the Central Andes than the territorial states that arose elsewhere. How similar and different were the early state structures in Europe and the Central Andes.
Europe - forests dominated north and west and area's sparse population was slow to implement new ways. No fertile grounds to create powerful kingdoms.
Americas - did not have large animals to carry loads so local communities only produced limited surpluses and traded luxuries
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