First 9 weeks Vocabulary Words
Terms in this set (...)
a condition of factor that changes in an investigation so the effects can be observed
a statement that can be tested by an investigation or observation
a connection, association, or involvement.
the surroundings of an organism
any living thing, including all plants and animals
a group of things or parts that work together
a series of events that occurs over and over in a certain order
all the living and nonliving things in a certain environment
a system of overlapping and connection of food chains
the sequence that traces food energy in an ecosystem
an organism that makes its own food as well as food for consumers
an organism that survives by eating other organisms in the ecosystem
an organism, such as bacteria or fungus, that breaks down dead matter, returning it to the soil
flow of energy
the transfer of physical energy from one body or place to another
related to the physical composition of an object
how something works
a characteristic passed from parent to offspring through genes
behavior that an animal has been taught or has learned from experience
the life cycle of an organism whose appearance changes substantially at each of the four stages (egg, larva, pupa, adult)
the life cycle of an organism wo appearance does not change substantially and has 3 stages (egg, nymph, adult)
a structure or behavior that helps an organism survive in its environment
to have offspring or to produce more of a given plant or animal
the process by which green plants cells make food from sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide
each member is equally dependent on another for survival
A small enclosure or closed container in which plants and animals are kept and observed.
They are capable of growth, reproduction, movement, metabolism. Require energy to exist. Examples are animals and plants
They lack the capability for growth, reproduction, respiration, metabolism, and movement. Examples of non-living things are rock, water, and sun.
a place in an ecosystem where an organism lives
to stay alive
The continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's surface.
Change in state from a gas to a liquid
water collects on the ground & in rivers, lakes & oceans
water that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking into the ground
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
a contest between organisms for food, territory, or other resources
all members of a species living in the same environment
the things an organism needs to live such as water, air, food, and shelter
pH > 7
a chemical compound which is soluble in water, tastes sour and turns blue litmus paper pink. Acids neutralize bases.
Someone concerned with solving problems with air, water, soil, and the natural environment.
a test for acidity
pH is a number from 0 to 14. From 0 to 7 are acids, with 0 being the strongest.
pH of 7
the act of representing something (usually on a smaller scale)
the effect humans have on the environment
any contamination of air, soil, water and environment
the study of fossils
scientist who studies plants
a person who studies genetics
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