Use of complicated vocabulary, syntax and sentence structure
The year the Puritan Pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock in Massachusetts.
The rhythm or beat of a line or lines of poetry
A story that explains how the universe or the earth was created.
Major Realist Writers
Mark Twain, Harriet Beecher Stowe
A first-hand source
A source created by someone who did not witness an event firsthand.
A story about history.
Man vs Man, Man vs. Nature, Man vs. society
Man vs. self
Of Plymouth Plantation
A primary source about the founding of one of America's earliest settlements.
Autobiographical accounts by persons who suffered the horrors of slavery.
Words that appeal to the five senses
To inform, to entertain, to express him/herself, or to persuade
Humans are inherently evil, personal salvation depends on the grace of god, and the Bible is the supreme authority on earth.
Hard work, family life, community service, and education.
A form of meter where each line of poetry has ten syllables, following an unstressed-stressed pattern.
The reversal of word order.
The first important American poet.
The pattern of rhymes in a poem.
AA, BB, CC, DD, EE, FF, GG
An example of rhyme scheme.
Subject matter of Anne Bradstreet's poetry
Everyday life, family, love between husband and wife
Writing intended to convince a reader to adopt a particular opinion or to perform a certain action.
Words with strong connotations/emotional associations.
Puritan minister who wrote and preached Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.
Rely on emotionally charged language that triggers intense feelings like fear, insecurity, etc.
Imply that if the readers are reasonable people, they will do or think what the writer desires.
The main character in a work of literature.
The character who opposes the main character in a work of literature.
The main idea or message at the core of a work of literature
The art of communicating ideas
Consists of reasoned arguments in favor of or against particular beliefs or courses of action.
Call forth an audience's sense of rout and wrong
Questions that don't require answers
An indirect reference to a person, place, event or literary work.
A writer's attitude towards his/her subject matter
The social conditions that influenced a work of literature's creation.
Literary movement that rejected strict Puritanism and focused on emotion and nature above all else.
Famous American Romantics
Longfellow, Irving, Whitman
Famous American Transcendentalists
A group of lines in a poem
A direct comparison between two different things.
1st Person Point of View
Narrator is a character in the story and tells the story from his/her point of view
3rd Person Omniscient Point of View
Narrator is outside the action of the story, and knows everything about every character
3rd Person Limited Point of View
Narrator stands outside the story, but focuses on the thoughts, feelings and actions of only one character
A brief statement, usually one sentence long, that expresses a general principle or truth about life.
Henry David Thoreau's collection of essays written while Thoreau lived alone in Walden Woods for over 2 years.
Poetic device frequently used by Walt Whitman that is the use of lists of things, people or attributes.
Poetry without regular patterns of rhyme or meter.
A writer's word choice.
Focused on the dark, evil aspects of human nature.
Famous Dark Romantics
Edgar Allan Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne
A work of literature with two levels of meaning: one literal and the other symbolic
Similar or identical sounds at the end of lines in poetry
Rhymes within a line of poetry
Edgar Allan Poe's Contributions to Literature
Song-like poetry, created the short story, created the murder mystery story
The feeling or atmosphere that a writer conveys with his/her words.
A writer's use of hints or clues to indicate events that will occur later in a story.
When readers know more about a character or a situation than the characters themselves.
When someone says one thing, but means another
A contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen.
The distinctive way that a work of literature is written.
Famous Realist Writers
Mark Twain, Ambrose Bierce, Harriet Beecher Stowe
A person, place, object or activity that has a concrete meaning but also stands for something beyond itself.
Attempts to present the world as it really is.
An offshoot of realism; attempts to show how human behavior is a product of environment and heredity
Famous Naturalist Writer
A pair of rhyming lines in a poem
A stanza of four lines in a poem
American form of humorous story that features extreme exaggeration.
Writing that imitates ordinary life and brings a region alive by portraying its typical dress, mannerisms, customs, character types and dialects.
Patterns of speech specific to certain regions of the country.
Elements of Mark Twain's Writing Style
Comic exaggeration, humorous subject matter, rambling narratives, use of dialect and idioms
Phrase peculiar to a culture.