Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Define prepuberty:


Location of the lavator ani:

one of two muscles of the diaphragm that stretch across the floor of the pelvic cavity, supporting the pelvic organs & surrounding the urethra, vagina & rectum, broad thin muscle

Muscle of the lateral walls:

piriformis, pelvic muscle (posterolateral wall)

Structures of the broad ligament:

double fold of the peritoneum, extends from the lateral aspects of the uterus to pelvic sidewall

What is the round ligament:

fundus to anterior pelvic sidewalls, holds uterus forward

Define anteversion:

the position of the uterus is tipped slightly forward

Normal menarchal uterine size:

6 to 8 cm long, 3 to 5 cm AP, 3 to 5 cm TRV

Layers of the uterus:

Perimetrium: serous outer layer of uterus, serosa
Myometrium: muscular middle layer of uterus composed of thick smooth muscle, supported by connective tissue
Endometrium: inner mucous membrane of uterine body

Functions of TGC:

Time Gain Compensator - increases or decreases echo amplitude at predetermined depth

Define ovulation:

an ovum is released once a month by one of the two ovaries, usually occurs midcycle about day 14 of a 28 day cycle

Vaginal blood supply:

vaginal & uterine arteries, drains into the internal iliac vein

Ovarian blood supply:

receives blood from uterine & ovarian arteries

Regions of the fallopian tube:

Infundibulum - funnel shaped lateral tube that projects beyond the broad ligament. Ampulla - widest part, fertilization occurs. Isthmus - hardest part.
Interstitial - enters the uterus at the cornua

Fallopian tube blood supply:

ovarian arteries & veins

Ovarian position:

attached to the posterior aspect of the broad ligament by mesovarium

Define polymenorrhea:

multiple cycles per month, interval less than 21 days

Define graafian follicle:

a mature ovarian vesicle that ruptures during ovulation to release the ovum

Sonographic appearance of the proliferative phase:

hypoechoic follicle will be present, thin endometrium, uterine lining thick

Names of the retrouterine space:

posterior cul-de-sac, pouch of Douglas

Define space of Retzius:

located between the anterior bladder wall & the pubic symphasis

Define menorrhagia:

abnormally heavy or long periods

Uterine ligaments:

Broad: lateral aspect of uterus to pelvic sidewall
Mesovarium: posterior fold of broad ligament, encloses overy Mesosalpinx: upper fold, encloses fallopian tube
Round: fundus to anterior pelvic sidewall, holds uterus forward Cardinal: extends across pelvic floor laterally, supports the cervix Uterosacral: supports cervix Ovarian: extends from ovary to uterine cornua

Define menarche:

state after reaching puberty in which menses occurs normally every 21 to 28 days

What improves axial resolution:

improved with shorter SPL

Function of color doppler:

the encoded doppler shift as red (toward the Tx) or blue (away from the Tx)

Phases of the menstrual cycle:

proliferative phase - day 1-14. corresponds to the follicular phase of ovarian cycle. menstruation occurs on day 1 to 4. thin endometrium. estrogen level increases as ovarian follicles develop. increasing estrogen levels cause uterine lining to regenerate & thicken. ovulation occurs on day 14.
secretory phase - days 15 to 28. corresponds to luteal phase of ovarian cycle. ruptured follicle becomes corpus luteum. corpus luteum secretes progesterone. endometrium thickens. if no pregnancy, estrogen & progesterone decrease. menses on day 28

Define sonohysterography:

AKA: saline infused sonography (SIS) involves the installation of sterile saline solution into the endometrial cavity

Endometrial measurement:

Proliferative phase: 4-8 mm, hypoechoic
Before ovulation: 6-10 mm, isoechoic
After ovulation: 7-14 mm, echogenic

Cleaning of the vaginal probe:

cleaned with disifectant & dried with a towel. then soak in disifectant between uses for at least 10-20 minutes

Vaginal scanning orientation:

the left side of screen corresponds to the cephalic & right side of patient, the right side of the screen corresponds to the caudal & left side of patient

Define Mittleschmerz:

pain associated with ovulation

What may cause arcuate artery calcification:

post menoupausal women & diabetes

Ovarian hormone production:

the anterior pituitary gland to secrete FSH & LH (the surge of FSH & LH)

Gonadal veins:

left ovarian vein drains into left renal vein
right ovarian vein drains into IVC

What improves axial resolution?

focal zones, depth, color

Uterine vasculature:

uterine artery from IIA (internal iliac artery)

Define didelphys uterus:

double uterus with 2 vaginas & cervixes

Define uterine flexion:

when uterus folds over on itself

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording