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History 52-Nomelli Final
Terms in this set (95)
What were types of paid female work?
1. domestic, 2. manufacturing, 3. office work, 4. teaching
Textiles, mostly immigrants. Sewing machines at Sweatshops.
What kind of office work were their for women?
Writing on the type writer
Knights of Labor
got the hour work day, a third of the pay men were getting, the largest labor organization of the nineteenth century. It ended after they were accused of bombing Chicago's hay market that killed 7 people.
What is the AFL?
THe American Federation of Labor which was knights umbrella organization. It was founded by Samuel Gompers, a cigar maker from NYC. Their purpose was to to protect the jobs of the skilled and relatively well paid labor from less skilled, lower paid workers.
was abandoned at 5 years old by her father and her mom was never the same. she was raised emotionally scarred. She went to the Rhode Island School of Design for 1 yr. Married Walter Stetson and has a daughter together. Gets bad baby blues so moves to Southern CA with her daughter and it doesn't help so she sends her daughter back with her dad. She rents a room for three weeks and writes a book called "Women & Economics." Its focus on child care centers, communal solutions, the importance of female individuation. Challenging parasite host relationships vs symbolic relationship.
1862- government gives grants for land for schools;
in 1900 40% women. They had coeducation though, different courses.
Frances E. Willard
From a midwestern farm family in Ohio. She never married because she wanted to serve women. She wen tot Eavanston College which was the all women's school and NOrthwestern was all males. She became president of evanston college after she was teaching at different schools. She was appointed first female dean of the all women's school at 34 years old. She quit to become the president of the WCTU for the next 20 years. She advocated many reforms.
Frances E. Willard reforms
2. Child Labor
4. Health and Welfare
5. Jim Crow Laws
7. Womens Suffrage
What are settlement houses?
were important welfare reform institutions in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries
She studied Sociology, she created the first settlement house in the US called Hall House, Chicago 1889. She traveled to London and learned about settlement houses and came back and created her own. She at first displayed paintings without realizing that no one wanted to see paintings they needed medical assistance, food, day care, etc. It became a medical house and a kindergarden later on.
Who is Lillian Wald?
Was a nurse who did house calls for 10-25 cents in new york, she was a visiting nurse and helped aid the families who were living in horrible conditions. Her practice became the Henry Street Settlement and then turned into the Visiting Nurse Service of New York City. She helped President Theodore Roosevelt create the Federal Children's Bureau. Wald advocated for education of the mentally handicapped. As an active campaigner for civil rights, Wald insisted that all Henry Street classes be racially integrated. In 1909, she helped to establish the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Wald also advocated for woman suffrage and for peace.
What was the Mexican American war?
Treaty of Guadalupe failed. Mexican American war started (1846-1848). The Santa Fey Ring where the Americans took land from the Mexicans.
Maria A. Ruiz de Burtan
Married an army officer Capt, Henry S. Burton at 17 when he was 30. "Enemy Lovers"Her land was burned down did a law suit appealed it boy died before she could see it through. SHe wrote the fictional romance novel, which actually wasn't very fictional, The Squatter & the Don.
Dawes Act 1887
An Act to Provide for the Allotment of Lands in Severalty to Indians on the Various Reservations, known as the Dawes Act, emphasized severalty, the treatment of Native Americans as individuals rather than as members of tribes.
Susan Lalesche Picotte
Omaha Tribe, Chief Iron eyes in Nevada, sends kids off. She was the first Native American woman to become a physician in the United States.
Who is Delilah Fowler?
she was a frontier pioneer from Kansas. husband heard about the homestead act, headed west with their son. has legal issues. husband dies in fight. son races in circus and is super fast and wins.
Homestead Act 1862
Anyone who had never taken up arms against the U.S. government (including freed slaves and women), was 21 years or older, or the head of a family, could file an application to claim a federal land grant. After 5 years of farming it would then be yours.
Prostitution of women
Aged from 11-30. Economically high for women.
Hierarchy of prostitution?
1. Dance Halls-get male customers to salons (for entertainment)
4. Parlor HOuses- most expensive, luxury prostitution
"Bell of Dallas" prostitute in texas, kills 3 men and gets killed.
Virginia City Madam, strangled at food of bed.
Chinese sex slave, father sold to her toNevada to work at crib, builds a mansion and retires in SF.
Red Light District
1. Denver Law
2. San Francisco Law
Ideal woman at the time, very conservative, hour glass figure.
20th C Technology
wash machine, telephone, automobile
New women in the 20th century
flapper girls, independence for women, Feminism
Industrial Workers of the World, Birth Control League was the first clinic, turns into planned parenthood.
poor immigrant tried to self abort
illegal to write about or discuss contraception
House of Rep 1917, Montana, Quaker, brother runs camp. Was the first woman to serve in the U.S. Congress. She helped pass the 19th Amendment, giving women the right to vote, and was a committed pacifist.
Carrie Chapman Catt
National American Women's Suffrage Association (NAWSA), went state by state spreading and campaigning for women's suffrage. Focused on convincing the democratic party. Moral Superiority.
National Woman's Party, wanted equality for women, got women the right to vote in the 19th amendment. B Partisan.
Who identifies as a minority?
Women, although 50% of them cote and 40% work and make up 51% of the population
Mexican American, middle class, journalist, investigated, considered a happy person because she was married and didn't have to work. Found herself depressed and then started to do some investigating. Found that in a anonymous survey that a lot of women are depressed and it's because they're told not to do anything and let their husbands work. She wrote the "Feminine Mystique"
1960s Counter Culture
sex, drugs, and rock n roll
1960, planned parenthood, makes women a whole person, JFK promises change w women
Created by JFK, has Esther Peterson create the Presidential Commission on the Status of Women (PCSW) which is with both men and women to have gender equality, they needed to shift the language.
Under the women's bureau, the Equal employment opportunity commission, no gender discrimination or race.
national organization of women, president was Betty Friedan, CR groups (conscious rap groups), Action League with lawyers, discuss CR group info then start to fight. Title VII, equal pay, etc.
Womens Int'l Terrorist Compiracy From Hell, really intense with media
Ms. Magazine, 1968 on NBC by NOW brings a sheep, sets a fire, witches show up.
LBJ good at home being president, lied about war
heads weathermen (terrorist group), dozen bombs at federal buildings, no casualties, turns self in, FBI so corrupt charges weren't kept cause tamper with evidence.
Alice Paul, equal rights act 1972, equal rights shall not be denied due to sex...
Roe V. Wade
Abortion can't be banned in first semester, own decision, right to privacy
the advocacy of women's rights on the grounds of political, social, and economic equality to men.
Oct. 29, 1929
Unequal Distribution of Wealth
Wealthy Class: 5%=30%
Gender roles; when women are the bread winners it's hard for a lot of men to accept so they don't want their wives working
Aunt Molly Jackson
stole bread to feed children, pulled a fake gun on the store owner said she'd pay when she can
Chicago School Children
can't focus, hold a walk out, beg for food
Dust Bowl Migrants
drought 90% lose farms
Dr. New Deal
Franklin D. Roosevelt, works progress adm. Has a lot of deals to better the country.
pictured Florence Thompson in poverty, the WPA was created, Work Progress Administration which was one the new deal's and the most famous because it gave people jobs.
Secretary of Labor, first lady to be in office
Fair Labor Standards Act, 1938
kid's can't work, must go to school, 44hr work week to 40hr and 25 cents an hour to 40 cents
Distant cousin to Franklin, parents die young, lives with grandma, goes to Europe boarding school, keeps Franklins career alive even though he cheated on her with best friend, she had her own agenda as first lady. "Elanor Everywhere!"
Womens Airforce Service Pilots
What jobs were women doing before WWII?
housework for slaves, corn making
How did the federal government appeal to women to join the workforce?
advertised to all the women everywhere they wen by making them feel needed and important, offered free training
what kinds of work did Rosie the Riveters do?
boulder rooms, engineer, electrician, stamps art on aircraft
Problems working women at home and workplace faced??
discriminated against by family and work
what happened to women's jobs after the war ended?
limited because men were coming home who needed jobs now
Containment, wanted to stop communism
Rigid Gender Roles
1946-50,1950-60, government likes it
Brown vs. BOA
1945, the idea of separate but equal has no place
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People asked a group of African-American parents that included Oliver Brown to attempt to enroll their children in all-white schools, with the expectation that they would be turned away.
She was one of the students, 3rd grade. the student of Brown vs. BOA
Farmville, VA, organized a strike throughout her high school, became apart of Brown vs BOA
Brown vs. Board II
1955, must integrate ASAP, lolly gaging, still doesn't really work
Montgomery Bus Boycott
381 days long where the blacks didn't ride the bus system in montgomery so they would lose money
43 y/o seamstress, well respected
had a long day at work and was sitting in her correct spot on the bus but it was full and a white man came on and needed her spot because it was the closest to the whites but she didn't want to move he could sit next to her, got arrested.
Roas Parks friends, Women's Political Caucus, middle class educated black women, organize to help people get to work with the bus boycott
Minister, lead non violent act, boycotts, protests, face of civil rights movement.
Souther Christian LEadership Conference
Elected director of the SCLC as a woman just as a temporary until they find a man, she's a longtime member of the NAACP. Doesn't get much credited for her ideas so she creates the SNCC.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; black college students
women in the civil rights movements, making things happen at a grassroots level
Fanny Lou Hammer
Bridge leader, youngest of 19, drops school in 6th grade, smart, tumor in stomach, lied to, sterilized in surgery, creates, SNCC, gets blacks to vote, freedom riders, freedom summer
go through southern states fully segregated, first bus is firebombed but success in end
integrate buses, business', and freedom schools-most successful 41 opened; 37 black churches bombed
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
Civil Rights act of 1964
ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, is considered one of the crowning legislative achievements of the civil rights movement.
Voting rights act of 1965
aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote under the 15th Amendment
2nd wave disillusionment
founded in 1966
new conservative rights
end of 1970s pushes to bring morality back to religious leaders
thinks equal rights amendment is dangerous
organization (stop taking our privileges)
putting fear in women, only men can have it all, women who want equal rights work a double shift
40/50 hour work week, still have to go home and do house work
very high in the 1970/80s
women in their 30/40 having a hard time getting pregnant.
alimony and custody
if wanted equal rights the woman would pay custody to husband.
equal sport facilities at schools
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