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IT Fundamentals - Internet
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Terms in this set (54)
wired Internet access options
Analog and digital computer modems attached to telephone lines, coaxial television cable, and fiber optic cables.
wireless Internet access options
Wi-Fi, cellular, and satellite connections.
A flexible, transparent filament used most often as a means to transmit light and permit transmission over longer distances and at higher bandwidths.
A form of broadband Internet access which uses the same coaxial infrastructure as CATV.
The electromagnetic transfer of information between two or more points that are not connected by an electrical conductor.
Determine which frequency ranges can be used for what purpose and by whom.
Can extend from an area as small as a few rooms to as large as many square kilometers.
Internet access provided through communications satellites.
Access to the Internet via a cellular telephone service provider.
A software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.
Used for temporary storage of web documents, such as HTML pages and images, to reduce bandwidth usage, server load, and perceived lag.
Changes interface behaviors within a specific web page in response to mouse or keyboard actions, or at specified timing events.
A plug-in that extends the functionality of a web browser.
Used for improving a browser's user interface, security or accessibility, blocking advertisements, and various other features to make browsing the internet easier and more pleasant.
malicious browser extension
Has access to everything done by the browser and can do things like inject ads into web pages, or make "background" HTTP requests to third-party servers.
A feature in some web browsers where the browser creates a temporary session that is isolated from the browser's main session and user data.
private browsing modes
Do not necessarily protect users from being tracked by other websites or their Internet service provider (ISP).
A server application or appliance that acts as an intermediary for requests from clients seeking resources from servers that provide those resources.
An electronic document used to prove the ownership of a public key.
Technology that allows a website author to associate any item with any action, including with a cancel or innocent looking button.
Block active web content, which a user can wholly or partially unblock by whitelisting a site or domain from the browser or browser extension's toolbar menu.
The ability of a website or web application to function across different browsers and degrade gracefully when browser features are absent or lacking.
Internet protocol suite
Provides end-to-end data communication specifying how data should be packetized, addressed, transmitted, routed, and received.
Contains communication methods for data that remains within a single network segment.
Provides internetworking between independent networks.
Handles host-to-host communication.
Provides process-to-process data exchange.
Ethernet, Wi-Fi, and DSL.
Internet layer protocol
transport layer protocols
TCP and UDP.
HTTP and HTTPS.
POP3, IMAP, and SMTP.
file transfer protocols
FTP, FTPS, and SFTP.
network monitoring protocol
A style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in a markup language.
A family of technologies that are used to transmit digital data over telephone lines.
A standard network protocol used for the transfer of computer files between a client and server on a computer network.
An extension to the commonly used File Transfer Protocol that adds support for the Transport Layer Security and the now prohibited Secure Sockets Layer cryptographic protocols.
The standard markup language for documents designed to be displayed in a web browser.
An application protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems used as the foundation of data communication for the World Wide Web.
An extension of the Hypertext Transfer Protocol used for secure communication encrypted using Transport Layer Security.
An Internet standard protocol used by e-mail clients to retrieve e-mail messages from a mail server.
The principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries. Its routing function enables internetworking, and essentially establishes the Internet.
An organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet.
An application-layer Internet standard protocol used by local e-mail clients to retrieve e-mail from a remote server over a TCP/IP connection.
The current version of the Post Office Protocol (POP).
A network protocol that provides file access, file transfer, and file management over any reliable data stream designed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) as an extension of the Secure Shell protocol (SSH) version 2.0 to provide secure file transfer capabilities.
An Internet standard for electronic mail (email) transmission.
An Internet Standard protocol for collecting and organizing information about managed devices on IP networks and for modifying that information to change device behavior.
An outdated encryption protocol.
One of the main protocols of the Internet protocol suite, which provides reliable, ordered, and error-checked delivery of a stream of octets (bytes) between applications running on hosts communicating via an IP network.
Known as the Internet protocol suite, the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used in the Internet and similar computer networks.
A reference to a web resource that specifies its location on a computer network and a mechanism for retrieving it.
A method and group of technologies for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia sessions over Internet Protocol (IP) networks, such as the Internet.
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