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Teams 2-4 Combined Science 6-17
Adriana (6-8), Nevaeh (10-11), Shelsea (12-13), Vivian (14-15), Jorge (16-17)
Terms in this set (62)
Stonehenge was built effectively as a massive what?
Which star became important for navigational aids that fostered exploration?
Which ancient mathematician proposed that mathematical patterns could be extended to the behavior of stars and planets?
What structure aligned with the point of the horizon from which the star "Sirius" appeared to rise?
Temple of Isis
A model positioned the sun near the center of the Universe motioned around in it's circular paths.
the theory that the earth is the stationary center of the universe, with the planets moving in epicyclic orbits within surrounding concentric spheres.
Galileo's second book which showed Galileo supported Copernicus's ideas. This threatened the Church and they threatened to torture him unless he recanted. He signed a confession saying Copernicus was wrong.
Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems
A superseded description of the universe with Earth at the center.
In which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System.
All electromagnetic radiations travels through empty space at a constant speed known as what?
Speed of light
The motion of disturbance between two points is called what?
The maximum displacement from the equilibrium position is called what?
The distance between two consecutive corresponding points on a wave is called what?
What percent of the rays emitted by the Sun are UV, Visible, or Infrared?
What color do people see when a visible light wavelength is about 400 nm?
Which law describes that a peak wavelength is inversely proportionate to temperature?
Wien's Displacement Law
The spectrum of thermal radiation that is emitted from an opaque object is called what?
Sputnik 1 started which event between the Soviet Union and the United States?
The Space Race
What kind of telescope is most useful for viewing large, bright objects in the night sky?
What kind of telescope is most useful for viewing very distant astronomical objects?
Who discovered falling objects don't move at a constant speed but speeds up with time?
What is the orbital period (in Earth years) of Neptune?
What discovery of Galileo's proved the Earth wasn't the center of all planetary motion?
His discovery of the 4 largest moons orbiting Jupiter
Galileo observed that which planet regularly changes its shape and size in the night sky?
In which book did Newton propose the 3 laws of motion and law of universal gravitation?
The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (AKA Principia)
What is the equation of Newton's universal law of gravitation?
What are the two main categories of optical telescopes?
refracting & reflecting
Who made the discovery of Uranus in 1781?
What type of telescope uses a combination of lenses to collect light from a distant object and focus it to produce an image?
What type of telescope uses a curved mirror to collect and focus light from distant objects?
What is the measurement of the primary mirrors of the Keck Observatory telescopes?
What is a form of reflecting telescope that uses smaller secondary mirror to reflect light back through a hole cut in the primary mirror?
What is electromagnetic radiation that is visible to the human eye?
Does electromagnetic radiation require a physical medium?
All electromagnetic radiation travels through empty space at a constant speed. What's this known as?
Speed of light
What is the motion of disturbance between two points?
What do waves transport?
What is the cause of all waves?
disturbance or vibration
What is the wavelength range of UV light?
400 nm to 10 nm
What is the memory device to remember the colors of the visible spectrum from the lowest to highest frequency?
Who first demonstrated that white light is a composite of colored light using the double prism experiment?
At what temperature do objects begin to glow with a visible color?
Around 800 K
If the temperature of a black body is doubled, the wavelength of the peak of electromagnetic waves emitted must be ...
How long was Sputnik 1 in orbit for?
What is the distance between the lens to the image referred to as?
The focal length of the lens
Karl G. Jansky discovered that radio waves came from where?
The Milky Way
The square of a planet is what to the cube of it's semimajor axis
Who became the first person to make a astronomical observation using a telescope?
What is the potlemaic system?
it's the theory that the earth is in the center of the universe
In Newton's law of gravitation, how is the force of gravity related to the distance between the objects.
Gravity is proportional to the inverse square of distance
What is the speed of light?
What is the term used to describe the distance between two consecutive corresponding points on a wave?
What is the standard unit of frequency?
What waves have the longest wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum?
What causes electromagnetic waves?
Vibrating charged particles (electrons and protons)
What do waves transport?
The appearance of which star coincided with the flooding of the Nile?
Plato considered what to be the most perfect geometric form?
In the third century, who proposed that the earth and other planets revolve around the sun?
What is the period in which the planets would seem to reverse their direction before resuming their original motion called?
In 1600, who did Tycho Brahe join in Prague?
What is a curved geometric figure for which the sum of the distances from any point on the curve to two fixed points is a constant?
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