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Unit 2: Early New England & Traditional English Beliefs About Citizenship & Government
Terms in this set (47)
Which 2 settlements were created by the Puritans in the early 1630s?
Boston & Salem
Who led the Puritans' colony?
How did the use of slaves affect New England colonists?
Using slaves to do the farming at home allowed more time for the colonists to pursue other ways to make money.
What economic activities did many New England colonists participate in?
Ship building, fishing, lumber, and crafts
What is the significance of the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut?
It is the first example of a constitution in the colonies and it expanded the right to vote to all freemen.
What was the first elected lawmaking body in the colonies?
The Virginia House of Burgesses
What is the Massachusetts General Court?
The lawmaking body in Massachusetts
What is the name of the company that Puritans created to establish their first settlements in New England?
The Massachusetts Bay Company
Who disagreed with the Puritan leaders and founded the colony of Connecticut?
What is the Magna Carta?
Document signed in 1215 that established the principle of limited government by limiting the power of the king and guaranteeing certain rights for the nobles.
Which house of Parliament is made up of noblemen who inherited the right to be members?
House of Lords (upper house)
Which house of Parliament are members elected by voters?
House of Commons (lower house)
Who advised the king/queen and worked with Parliament?
The Prime Minister
What is Parliament?
The lawmaking body in England
What is the effect of the Puritans' increasing desire for more land to farm?
They were unable to establish a lasting peace with the Native Americans
What modern Constitutional protections were violated during the Salem witch trials?
-the right to an attorney
-the right to a trial by jury
-the presumption of innocence until proven guilty
-the right to confront accusers
What is the Great Migration?
The movement during the 1630s when more than 15,000 Puritans journeyed to Massachusetts to escape religious persecution and economic hard times.
Who was William Bradford?
The leader of the Pilgrims
What did the signers of the Mayflower Compact promise?
To obey the laws passed "for the general good of the colony"
When did the Pilgrims arrive in Cape Cod?
In what year did the Puritans begin to settle in Massachusetts Bay?
What settlement did the Pilgrims establish?
How were militia leaders selected in early New England?
The were democratically chosen by their men
What were the Separatists called?
Which settlement is further south Plymouth or Salem?
Which New England colony is north of Salem Massachusetts?
How did the Pilgrims survive their first year in Plymouth?
The Wampanoags showed them how to grow corn, beans, and pumpkins and where to hunt and fish.
The idea that government should only have enough power to govern responsibly.
The idea that specific rights such as the natural rights of life, liberty, and property belong to each person.
What were New England's three major industries?
Shipping, fishing, and lumber
Who believed in the power of Satan and witchcraft?
Describe what a militia is
A group of citizen-soldiers trained to fight in emergencies.
What is subsistence farming?
Growing only enough food to feed your family.
What is the idea that governments should be divided into several parts or branches?
Separation of Powers
Protestants who wanted to leave the Anglican Church and set up their own churches.
What two Native Americans taught the Pilgrims how to survive in New England?
Squanto and Samoset
What type of soil can be found in New England?
The belief that people are the true source of governments' power.
What is the English Bill of Rights?
A document signed by the King and Queen in 1689 that guaranteed certain basic rights to all English citizens.
The idea that people are most fulfilled when they actively participate in achieving the common good.
How did New England colonists participate in slavery?
- using Africans as slave labor
- providing the ships used in the slave trade
- feeding the slave labor forces in the West Indies
What is the first written constitution in the English Colonies?
The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
What is another name for the Church of England?
The Anglican Church
What happened to Anne Hutchinson?
She was banished from Massachusetts for questioning the religious authority of the colony's ministers. She and her followers moved to Rhode Island.
What factors do historians feel may have been behind the witch hunts?
-the Puritan lifestyle
-a strong belief in the Devil and witchcraft
-the economic and social divisions within Salem
-the Puritans' expectations of children
Checks and Balances
The idea that certain powers are shared between the branches of government so that each one can monitor the others.
Why was the militia necessary in New England?
To defend the villages of New England from attack by the Native Americans and foreigners such as the French.
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