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By Karen Judson and Carlene Harrison 5th Ed.

health care practitioners

Those who are trained to administer medical or health care to patients.


Prone to engage in lawsuits.


The person bringing the charges in a lawsuit


The person or party against whom criminal or civil charges are brought in a lawsuit.


Accountable under the law.


Decisions made by judges in the various courts that become rule of law and apply to future cases, even though they were not enacted by a legislature, also known as case law.

summary judgement

A decision made by a court in a lawsuit in response to a motion that pleads there is no basis for a trial.


Dishonest or deceitful practices in depriving, or attempting to deprive, another of his or her rights.


Rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authority.


Standards of behavior, developed as a result of one's concept of right and wrong.

moral values

One's personal concept of right and wrong formed through the influence of the family, culture and society.

code of ethics

A list of principles intended to govern behavior-here, the behavior of those entrusted with providing care to the sick.

ethics guidelines

Publications that detail a wide variety of ethical situations that professionals (in this case, health care practitioners) might face in their work and offer principles for dealing with the situations in an ethical manner.

Hippocratic oath

A pledge for physicians, developed by the Greek physician Hippocrates circa 400 b.c.e

American Medical Association Principles

A code of ethics for members of the American Medical Association, written in 1847.


A discipline dealing with the ethical implications of biological research methods and results, especially in medicine.

medical ethicist or bioethicist

Specialists who consult with physicians, researchers and others to help them make difficult ethical decisions regarding patient care.

Ethics committee

Committee made up of individuals who are involved in a patient's care, including health care practitioners, family members, clergy, and others, with the purpose of reviewing ethical issues in difficult cases.


Standards of behavior considered to be good manners among members of a profession as they function as individuals in society.


A code prescribing correct behavior in a specific situation, such as a situation arising in a medical office.


The practice of good manners,.


The identification with and understanding of another's situation, feelings, and motives.

common sense

Sound practical judgment.

critical thinking

The ability to think analytically, using fewer emotions and more rationally.

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