APUSH Review: Women's Rights in History
What legal rights did women possess in the colonial era?
None - couldn't vote, use court system, few could own property
What were women's divorce rights in the colonial era?
Almost nonexistent - even in terms of abuse and adultery
In what context were women perceived in terms of the community during the Colonial Era?
Seen as moral guides, made up half of all church members
To what extent did women serve during the American Revolution?
Daughters of Liberty: propoganda & boycotts, Some posed as men to fight in combat roles
What attacked the role of men in subjecting women to inferiority during the Federalist Era?
Marry Woolstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Women
Who, in the Federalist Era, pushed and worked for greater rights for women?
What was the concept of Republican Motherhood & in what time period was it popular?
women gained respect because they raised the children of the future; Colonial - Federalist Era, made popular by George Washington
What defined the role of women during the Jeffersonian and Jacksonian Eras and what did it state?
Cult of Domesticity - women were to be moral guides, ideal ladies, bearer of children & domestic servants
What is meant by the term 'separate spheres'?
Women were to be housekeepers, men were to do 'real' work, serve in the community. Women served in the home
What were the lifestyles of Lowell Girls?
Factory workers who were unmarried, lived on the factory campus, taught in factory schools to become ideal wife
What role did women play in constituting change during the Reform Era in the early 19th century?
Women's Christian Temperance Union, Anti-Saloon League, Women's Rights Convention, Proper treatment of mentally ill, abolitionist movement
Who led the Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls?
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott
What did the Declaration of Sentiments declare?
all men and women are created equal
Who championed proper treatment of the mentally ill?
Which women were prominent in the abolitionist + women's rights movement?
Harriet Beecher Stowe, Sojourner Truth
In what period did women begin to gain voting rights, state by state?
Sectionalism, Civil War, and Westward Expansion
During what times do Women gain more rights and greater roles?
How did women's roles in society change during the gilded age?
They began working in factories because they could work at lower fares, served as domestic servants
Who worked towards greater use/awareness of birth control pills?
During the Progressive Era, who were the leaders of reform movements?
Which muckraker was known for attacking the Standard Oil Company?
Who was arrested for voting, after protesting for Women's rights?
Susan B. Anthony
Who ran the Hull House?
Jane Addams and Florence Kelley
When was the National American Women's Suffrage Association?
the Progressive Era
How did the 1920s change the role of women in society?
Gained 19th Amendment, new generation emerged as flappers
How did the role of women not change in the 1920s?
Women were still not able to become professionals, few women voted
Who took photographs for Depression victims?
In what period did women take on new roles as "breadwinners"?
Who was a symbol of Women in the Workplace during the World Wars?
Rosie the Riveter
How did women serve the WW2 effort?
in WAC (Women's Army Corps) and WAVES (Women's Navy Corps) as nurses, secretaries, non-combat roles, in factories
What was Title IX?
Guaranteed equal funding for women's & men's sports in high school and college
What was The Feminine Mystique?
Book by Betty Friedan published in the mid 20th century to call out women to contribute more politically, economically & socially