Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (54)
An individual's behavioral style and characteristic way of emotionally responding that is usually present early in infancy.
Unique way in which an individual thinks, acts, and feels throughout life.
Brain and Spinal Cord
Outer layer of brain; process information.
Frontal, Parietal, Temporal, Occipital, Insula
Basic unit cells of communication, do not touch each other (synaptic gap).
Measuring Biological Structures and Functioning
Lesion studies, clinical observation, EEG, PET Scan, MRI and fMRI.
More than one gene increases likelihood of aggressive behavior.
When a third variable influences the strength or direction of the relationship between two other variables.
Mechanism whereby two variables come to be associated. Chain of causal events that leads to an outcome or behavior.
During a critical period of perinatal development sex hormones play a role in the structural organization of the brain (documented in nonhumans).
Elevated levels of sex hormones that lead to or increases the likelihood of aggressive behaviors.
The lower the ratio, the higher physical aggression in males. Index smaller than ring finger. Women with low ratio display indirect and reactive aggression.
Thomas Chess' 3 Types of Children
Easy Temperament, Difficult Temperament, Slow to Warm Up.
Which temperament out of Chess' 3 types of children is more prone to aggressive behavior?
Life Course Persistent Pathway
Before age 10 present O.D.D. and escalates and persists for the bulk of their life.
Adolescent Limited Pathway
Develop normally, exhibit an exaggerated type of adolescent behavior, depending on their peers.
What are differences between life course persistent pathway and adolescent limited pathway?
Life Course Persistent is biologically based. Adolescent Limited Pathway is due to social factors and wanting to be an adult.
Type of emotion.
People with low resting autonomic activity are at increased risk for antisocial behavior. These people show a lack of fear, fear is important in developing a conscience. These people do not make the connection between their act and punishment, because they do not fear the punishment.
Voluntary efforts to modulate emotional arousal.
Important Brain Structures for Emotional Control
Orbitofrontal cortex, ventromedial cortex, dorsolateral cortex.
Common Big Five Personality Factors
Conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness, extraversion.
Plays a big role in animals and a small role in humans.
Inhibitory, extend to amygdala. Low levels of this are found in aggressive individuals.
Excitatory, limbic, reciprocal relationship, antipsychotic meds, metabolites in spinal fluid. Higher levels of this are related to aggressive behaviors.
Behavioral Activation System (BAS)
A dopaminergic system focusing on rewards. This system gets us engaged in positive outcome situations. People high in this system focus on reward and exclude negative outcomes. Anti-social and aggressive behavior looks appealing to these people.
Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS)
a serotinergic and noradrenergic system that makes us cautious in novel situations when negative consequences are likely.
Originally used interchangeably with psychopathology; behavioral indications of mental illness in general.
Can't have deep conversation, only knows surface material on a subject.
Extremely pleasing, delightful, or entrancing on the surface without substance or sincerity.
Self-centered; having little or no interests, beliefs, or attitudes other than one's own.
Feelings of superiority and greatness.
Do not experience strong or intense emotions.
Callousness/Lack of Empathy
The inability or unwillingness to be intellectually and emotionally aware of and understand another person's thoughts and emotions.
Need for Excitement
Often cite engaging in crime for excitement, easily bored.
Short in duration, lack intimacy, instrumental, indicate an overreaching inability or unwillingness to regulate their behaviors and urges.
Lack of Responsibility
Has to be a pervasive pattern. Failure to honor obligations and commitments and unwillingness to accept blame.
Inclination or predisposition to act on impulse rather than thought.
Poor Behavioral Control
Inability to engage in an appropriate behavior or persist in appropriate behaviors in which one does not want to engage.
Early Behavior Problems
History of oppositional, aggressive, and criminal behaviors are exhibited in childhood.
Tendency to engage in a diverse range of criminal activities.
Engaging in sexual acts with multiple partners.
Cleckley's Semantic Aphasia and Hemispheric Asymmetry
Process language, especially emotions language, differently. Processing of language is done on both sides of psychopath brain. Leading to problems understanding language and emotion.
David Lykken Low Fear Hypothesis
Psychopaths endorse scary choice. Poor fear conditioning, do not physiologically feel fear and do not associate consequences with behaviors.
Patrick's Three Deficits
Disinhibition, Boldness, Meanness
Impulsivity and negative affectivity.
Capacity to remain calm and focused under pressure.
Three Important Psychopathic Traits in Children
Callous-Unemotional Traits, Narcissism, Impulsivity.
Dangers of extending psychopathy to children.
Cannot diagnose psychopathy until age 18, labeling leads to self fulfilling prophecy and some levels of these behaviors are normal.
Tendency to engage in antisocial behaviors, usually less aggressive. Able to avoid consequences. Found in business.
How Normal and Successfull Psychopaths Differ
Successful psychopaths have better executive functioning, higher SES, higher physiological reactivity.
How Normal and Successful Psychopaths are Similar
Impulsive, Low Empathy, Elevated Arrest Rates, Low Fear.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Personality Psych Exam 2
PSY Exam 3
PSY Exam 3 (learning objectives and practice Qs)
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
PSYC 484 Final Exam
PSYC 484 Exam 4 Vocabulary
PSYC 484 Exam 3
PSYC 484 Test 2
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
REL-110- World Religions-Exam #1
AP GOV chapter 13 FRQ