5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Communications/Experiential Family Therapy
- Ego analytic Couples Therapy
- Structural Strategic Marital Therapy
- Circular Model of Causality
- a Haley & Madanes. Views difficulties as an inability to cope with either environmental or personal life changes. Goal is to facilitate a solution in the most efficient and ethical way possible. Focusing on strengths rather than weaknesses is key to success. Key concepts: moving from who is to blame to what can be done, relationship maintenance, encouraging conversations outside of therapy that are not happening.
- b Behaviors of different subsystems that reciprocally impact each other.
- c Gregory Bateson, Don Jackson, Virginia Satir, and Jay Haley. Saw the primary purpose of symptoms as being the maintenance of homeostasis in the family. Primary goal of therapy is to alter the interactional patterns that maintain the presenting symptoms.
- d Equal acceptance of all family members by the therapist. The therapist avoids allying with individual family members.
- e Genchiel, Gray, Apfelbaum, Wile. Foster the ability of the couple to communicate important feelings. Dysfunction originates from the individual's incapability to recognize and validate sensitivities and problems in the relationship. Two major categories of problems: dysfunction brought into the relationship from early childhood trauma and experiences and the individuals reaction to difficulties and sense that he or she is un-deserving because of shame and guilt.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Greenberg & Johnson. View emotions and cognition as interdependent and that emotion drive interpersonal expression. Origins are emotion theory and attachment theory. Short term.
- A therapist "joining" or engaging in work with a couple. Through avoidance of triangulation, helps the couple address, with each other, the difficulties they are having.
- Different beginning points may lead to the same result.
- Family members are asked questions that help them to think in relational terms. "What does your brother think of..."
- Family that does not accept information from systems outside itself.
5 True/False questions
Hypothesizing → Therapist's entrance in the family's interactional system. Includes forming a strong bond with family members, acknowledging the various perspectives of members, and accommodating the family's organization and patterns.
Circularity → Behavior in systems like the family cannot be adequately explained using a simple, bi-directional, linear model, behavior can only be understood in the context of the complex interaction patterns of the family.
Power hierarchies → Refers to the distribution of power in families.
Spontaneous behavior sequences → Jacobson & Christenson. Focuses on the functioning of the couple. Problems and interactions are believed to be repetitious which causes the problems in the relationship. Help couples improve behavior exchanges, communication, and problem solving skills. Individualized and flexible based on specific problems in the relationship.
Paradoxical directives → Tasks assigned by the therapist that he or she wants family members to resist. The resistance will result in the desired change.