CHES Review Questions

Which statement is NOT true about participant observation?
A. It can provide guidance on sampling interviewees
B. It includes informal interviews in the field
C. It yields best results when it is covert
D. It aims for understanding of the setting's culture cognitively and by "feeling" it
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Which statement is true about interviewers during qualitative, in-depth interviews?
A. They try to avoid using probes or follow-up questions
B. They read each question exactly as it appears on the interview questionnaire
C. They need to convey genuine interest in the interviewee's responses
D. They agree with the participant's responses and take their side to build rapport
Which statement is a good recommendation about field notes?
A. If the budget permits, substitute audio or video recording for written notes
B. Write down the main events and ignore small talk and routine info
C. Reread notes often, and record any ideas that come to you during the process of rereading
D. To maintain objectivity, write about what happened in the field and what others said, but avoid writing about how you felt
Which statement is true about selection in qual research?
A. A researcher does not need to write a strategy for selecting cases in the research proposal. The best strategy will become apparent as the research proceeds
B. Participants can help recruit other participants
C. In selecting participants, a researcher should strive for maximum variation
D. If possible, random sampling is the gold standard
Which statement is NOT true about someone who uses qualitative research methods?
A. They often assume an identity other than their own
B. They use rigorous, systematic methods
C. They usually need to interact with people in the setting to gain access
D. They can change the data collection strategy if the initial data suggest this is necessary
What is a major weakness of this survey item: "How old were you when your parents first took you to a restaurant? i. under 6 months; ii. 6 to 12 months; iii. 13 to 24 months; iv. 25 months or older?"
A. It is a double barreled question
B. It is not mutually exclusive
C. Respondents are not fully capable of answering
D. It uses jargon
What is NOT true of a good health-related research question? A. It can be answered empirically B. It identifies a topic but never a specific population C. It can be written as a question D. It is ethicalB. Health-related research questions are nearly always related to specific populations"Colorectal cancer among African American men in Alabama" A. Is not a good research question because the population is too specific B. Is a topic, not a question C. Can be a good research question if reworded as: "how can we eliminate the problem of colorectal cancer among African American men in AL?" D. Can be a good research question if reworded as: "What are the evidence-based interventions to detect colorectal cancer among African American men?"B. Neither of the research questions listed are workable - the first because it is highly unlikely that colorectal cancer could ever be eliminated because it has multiple determinants, all of which would need to be addressed differently. the second because that information already exists and is discoverable through a lit searchLack of flexibility, high likelihood of unanswered questions, a low response rate, and the inability to record extraneous reactions or comments are all limitations of what kinds of survey techniques? A. Mail B. Telephone C. Face-to-face D. Web-basedA. Web-based allow for more flexibility with complex skip patterns and reduce likelihood of unanswered questions. Face-to-face also reduce likelihood of unanswered Qs and allow for recording of nonverbalThe best data for understanding the needs of your audience generally come from: A. A large investment in primary research B. A combination of secondary sources and qual and quant primary research C. Extensive use of focus groups and in-depth interviews to gain rich, deep data about the audience and their needs D. An exhaustive review of the literatureB."The population in Country A experiences larger morbidity rates for several diseases than Country B. Both countries have similar per capita income. Therefore, the health differences must be caused by something other than income level." This is an example of: A. Tautology B. Reductionism C. Ecological fallacy D. SpuriousnessC. Ecological fallacy is an error in reasoning about differing units of analysis. Specifically, it is an error of using data generated from groups as the unit of analysis and attempting to draw conclusions about individuals. Per capita income is a summary measure at the level fo the country (the unit of analysis). We do not have info about the distribution of income among individuals, therefore we do not know if income is related to health outcomesThe following correctly describes triangulation, except that: A. Triangulation means using three approaches in studying a topic or setting B. Triangulation involves comparing different sources and points of observation C. Triangulation may help contextualize data gathered D. Triangulation may involve using more than one method of data gatheringA.