Unit 1 U.S History

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

John Withrop
Jamestown's 1st governor
Roger Williams
Founded Providence
Anne Hutchinson
Said that people didn't need church to interpret the Bible
Metacom
The English called him "King Phillip"
Puritans
Group that called for reform for the Church of England
Puritan settlement
First to be settled with women and children as well as men
Separatists
Puritans that felt that they should remove themselves from the Church of England and start their own church (later called pilgrims)
Plymouth
Pilgrims settled this colony
The Pequot War
The 1st major conflict that arouse in Connecticut in 1637 between Natives and Settlers
Puritan group
People were unique because their settlement was based more on religion and morals than on commerce
William Penn
Founder of the Quaker colony Pennsylvania
King James II
Monarch that was forced into exile
Proprietor
The owner of a colony
Quakers
Believed God's "inner light" burned inside everyone
Queen Mary
Monarch who promoted Salutary Neglect
Mercantilism
A country's ultimate goal was self-sufficiency and that all countries were in competition to acquire the most gold and silver
Navigation Acts
Passed in effort to restrict colonial trade
New Netherland
The Dutch West India Company gave this colony the right to expand the fur trade
Glorious Revolution
The aftermath of the overthrown King James II and the series of laws lasses by parliament to limit the powers of the monarch
Salutary Neglect
Concept of the British paying less and less attention to the colonists promoted the idea of autocracy
Cash crop
Items grown primarily for sale
Triangular trade
England to Africa to New World to England
Middle Passage
Leg of the triangular trade from Africa to the New World
Stono Rebellion
This failure sent a chill through Southern colonists and led to tougher slave laws
Why Southern planters decided to implement slavery in the 17th century? (Four things)
•Large planters wanted to establish a labor system that could be controlled
•Labor market shifted resulting in new waves of slaves that were economically advantageous
•Slavery enabled planters to consolidate their political power
•Planters valued social standing, political power and accumulation of wealth over the human cost of slavery
Factors that influenced the creation and maintenance of an American colonial slave society and Culture (4 things)
•American planters needed to keep slaves alive
•Forced slaves to have children to keep the number of slaves increasing
•Cultural interaction between planters and Africans formed building blocks to new African Society
•Used fear and violence to maintain control
How gender roles in colonial America changed between 1700-1776?
•Women were still subordinate to men. There was no change to customs, laws, and attitudes.
•As farm size declines, women bore fewer children
•Household tasks shifted from maintenance to supplemental income for the house
•Women were absorbed with the Patriarchal system
•Women's participation in the Great Awakening indicates raising level of power women had
From 1799-17500, did society in northern colonies, middle colonies, and southern colonies become more alike or grow increasingly different? (Five things)
• German and Scots-Irish immigration created pluralist society
• Middle colony improvements in agriculture gave more autonomy to free holding farmers
• All colonies affected by Great Awakening and Enlightenment
• All colonies were affected by cultural changes from England
• Violence with Natives led to question to keep in check with expansionslists/ rebellious thought
Pietism
Religious sentiment
1720's Germans brought this to the colonies
What factors caused the Great Awakening?
• 1720's German brought pietism to the colonies
• Puritan faith had lost its zeal
• social tensions made some people receptive to renewal
•Baptists started preaching to large groups of slaves
• the Awakening put a religious life within reach of ordinary people who were beyond the reach of salvation through pietism
Benjamin Franklin
Embraced notion of obtaining truth through reason and experimentation
Great Awakening
Was a religious revival that lasted throughout the 1730's and 1740's
Jonathan Edwards
Preached that church attendance was NOT enough for salvation
Enlightenment
The concept of nature guiding some of the events in the world and that fixed mathematical laws guide us as well
Immigrants
English and Welsh made up the largest group of immigrants in 1755
William Pitt
An energetic, self-confident politician appointed by King George II to run his government in the colonies in 1757
George Washington
A 22 year old officer in charge of Fort Necessity during 1754
French and Indian War
The 4th battle for control of the colonies between Great Britain and France
New France
Name of the French colony in the new world
George Grenville
The financial expert who was chosen by King George II as prime minister and he promptly angered merchants throughout the colonies
Proclamation of 1763
Banned all settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains
Pontiac
Leader of the Ottawa Tribe recognized that the French loss in the French and Indian War was a loss for Native Americans
Sugar Act
Was created to allow prosecutors the ability to try smuggling cases in a higher court
Zeal
Puritain faith had lost this
Means great enthusiasm