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RE Religion and Life Christianity Unit 2

Definitions of the all the key words
STUDY
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Agnosticism
not being sure whether God exists
Atheism
believing that God does not exist
Conversion
when your life is changed by giving yourself to God
Free Will
the idea that human beings are free to make their own choices
Miracle
somethingwhich seemsto break a law of science and makes you think only God couldhave done it
Moral evil
actions done by humans which cause suffering
Natural evil
things which cause suffering but have nothing to do with humans
Numinous
the feeling of the presence of something greater than you
Omni-benevolent
the belief that God is all-good
Omnipotent
the belief that God is all-powerful
Omniscient
the belief that God knows everything that has happened and everything that is going to happen
Prayer
an attempt to contact God,usually through words
Abortion
the removal of a foetus from the womb before it can survive
Assisted suicide
providing a seriously ill person with the means to commit suicide
Euthanasia
the painless killing of someone dying from a painful disease
Immortality of the soul
the idea that the soul lives on after the death of the body
Near-death experience
when someone about to die has an out-of-body experience
Non-voluntary Euthanasia
ending somone's life painlessly when they are unable to ask, but you have a good reason for thinking they would want you to do so
Paranormal
unexplained things which are thought to have spiritual causes, e.g. ghosts, mediums
Quality of life
the idea that life must have some benefits for it to be worth living
Reincarnation
the belief that, after death, souls are reborn in a new body
Resurrection
the belief that, after death the body stays in the grave until the end of the world when it is raised
Sanctity of life
the belief that life is holy and belongs to God
Voluntary Euthanasia
ending life painlessly when someone in great pain asks for death
Adultery
a sexual act between a married person and someone other than their marriage partner
Civil partnership
a legal ceremony giving a homosexual couple the same legal rights as a husband and wife
Cohabitation
living together without being married
Contraception
intentionally preventing pregnancy from occuring
Faithfulness
staying with your marriage partner and only having sex with them
Homosexuality
sexual attraction to the same sex
Nuclear family
mother, father and children living as a unit
Pre-marital sex
sex before marriage
Procreation
making a new life
Promiscuity
having sex with a number of partners without commitment
Re-constituted family
where two sets of children (stepbrothers and stepsisters) become one family when their divorced parents marry each other
Re-marriage
marrying again after being divorced from a previous marriage
Community Cohesion
a common vision and shared sense of belonging for all groups in society
Discrimination
treating people less favourably because of their ethnicity/gender/colour/sexuality/age/class
Ethnic minority
a member of an ethnic group (race) which is much smaller than the majority group
Interfaith marriages
marriage where the husband and wife are from different religions
Multi-ethnic society
many different races and cultures living together in one society
Multi-faith society
many different religions living together in one society
Prejudice
believing some people are inferior without even knowing them
Racial Harmony
different races/colours living together happily
Racism
the belief that some races are superior to others
Religious freedom
the right to practise your religion and change your religion
Religious pluralism
accepting all religions as having an equal right to coexist
Sexism
discriminating against poeple because of their gender (being male or female)
Inclusivism
the belief that other religions should be respected and that their religion may contain some truth so people of other religions can go to Heaven
Exclusivism
the belief that only one religion has a truth so they should try and convert others and that only people of this religion will go to Heaven
Polytheism
the belief in more than one God
Monotheism
the belief that there is only one God