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NUR 241-Haematology System
Terms in this set (53)
Erythrocytes that are _____ contain an abnormally low concentration of haemoglobin.
What haemodynamic change occurs after initial compensation for a reduction in the number of circulating erythrocytes?
hyperdynamic blood flow
A 25-year-old female has a heavy menses during which she loses a profuse amount of blood. Which of the following adaptations could be expected?
A 34-year-old male presents in the ED with extreme fatigue and shortness of breath. His skin and sclera appear to have a yellowish discoloration. These findings are consistent with which type of anaemia?
A 67-year-old female has chronic gastrointestinal bleeding. The primary cause of her anaemia is:
A 21-year-old female was recently diagnosed with iron deficiency anaemia. In addition to fatigue and weakness, which of the following clinical signs and symptoms would she most likely exhibit?
red, sore tongue
Which of the following tests directly measure iron stores?
bone marrow biopsy
A newborn is diagnosed with congenital intrinsic factor deficiency. From which of the following types of anaemia does he suffer?
A 35-year-old female is diagnosed with vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia. A decrease in which of the following is the most likely cause?
Which of the following individuals is at highest risk for developing a vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia?
a 47-year-old male who had a gastrectomy procedure (removal of the stomach)
A 40-year-old male vegetarian is diagnosed with folate deficiency anaemia. He reports that he is an alcoholic. Which of the following factors put him at greatest risk for developing his disease?
A 50-year-old male experiences loss of appetite, weight loss and a beefy red tongue shortly before his death. Autopsy would most likely reveal:
The Schilling test for pernicious anaemia involves:
the administration of radioactive vitamin B12 and the measurement of its excretion in the urine
Aplastic anaemia is caused by
bone marrow suppression.
Maternal-fetal blood incompatibility may exist in which of the following conditions?
The mother is Rh-negative and the fetus is Rh-positive.
A 67-year-old female is admitted to the ED with a diagnosis of polycythaemia vera. This has occurred as a result of:
abnormal proliferation of red cells.
Thrombocytopenia may be:
congenital or acquired.
A 52-year-old male IV drug user was diagnosed with hepatitis C five years ago. He is now experiencing impaired blood clotting. A decrease in which of the following vitamins could be the cause?
Haemophilia B is caused by a deficiency of functional:
Individuals with liver disease often suffer from coagulation disorders
clotting factors are produced in the liver.
A 40-year-old female develops disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The most likely cause of this condition is:
The sequence of events in DIC is initiated by the release of:
In DIC, active bleeding occurs after intravascular clotting because:
clotting factors are depleted
A 22-year-old female just delivered a healthy baby girl. She suffered from eclampsia during her pregnancy, and on the second postnatal day she complained of bleeding gums and bruising on her arms and legs. Haematology lab tests indicate she has DIC. Further testing reveals an increase in:
fibrin degradation products (FDPs).
Leucocytosis can be defined as:
a high leucocyte count.
A 15-year-old female presents with splenomegaly, hepatomegaly and lymph node enlargement. She is diagnosed with infectious mononucleosis. Further testing would indicate an acute infection of:
A 15-year-old male is diagnosed with infectious mononucleosis. The most likely cause is
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
A 15-year-old male with infectious mononucleosis is being given instructions on how to prevent the spread of this infection to others. Which statement represents a correct instruction?
Do not share drinking glasses or eating utensils
A 15-year-old male is diagnosed with infectious mononucleosis. He most likely presented with the classic triad of symptoms: fever, sore throat and:
ymph node enlargement.
The most common childhood cancer is:
acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
A five-year-old male is diagnosed with leukaemia. Which of the following symptoms would be expected?
A 10-year-old male with Down syndrome undergoes chemotherapy for cancer. Following treatment, he is most susceptible to:
acute myelocytic leukaemia.
Known causes of acute leukaemia include:
chemotherapy treatment for other cancers.
A 10-year-old male is diagnosed with leukaemia. Which of the following could be associated with his disease?
A five-year-old female is diagnosed with acute leukaemia. She will most likely be treated with:
A 35-year-old female is diagnosed with lymphadenopathy. The most likely finding leading to this diagnosis is:
enlarged lymph nodes.
A 35-year-old male has enlarged lymph nodes in the neck and a mediastinal mass. He is diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma. Which of the following abnormal cells would be expected with this disease?
A 62-year-old female tells her healthcare provider she has been experiencing regular night sweats that cause her to wake up drenched. She also remarks that she has been unintentionally losing weight. Physical exam reveals enlarged lymph nodes on her neck that do not appear to be painful. She should be screened for which of the following cancers?
Multiple myeloma can be defined as a neoplasm of:
A 65-year-old male is diagnosed with multiple myeloma. He complains of severe pain. This pain can be attributed to:
destruction of bone tissue.
A five-year-old male is diagnosed with normocytic-normochromic anaemia. Which of the following anaemias falls into this category?
A common, life-threatening complication of a thrombus in a deep vein is:
A 20-year-old female has an increase in eosinophils. Which of the following is the most likely cause?
parasitic invasion and allergic reactions
In order to prevent thromboembolic disorders, it is desirable to use:
The initial mechanism of action of heparin is:
combining with antithrombin III
Which anticoagulant is indicated for oral administration?
Which drug is given in the case of overdose with heparin?
What drug is considered the first choice in the prevention of thromboembolism in
An adverse reaction possible to both anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents is:
Which of the following drugs, when prescribed concurrently with heparin, could lead to an
increased chance of haemorrhage?
Which would not be considered a mechanism of action of antiplatelet drugs?
Inhibition of plasminogen activation
The use of iron, folic acid and vitamin B12 is indicated in:
Haemostatic and antifibrinolytic drugs are useful in the treatment of:
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