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100 terms

Etymology Final Exam Pt. 3

STUDY
PLAY
conduct
lead; guide; escort
deduction
1. taking away; subtraction 2. reasoning from the general to the particular
duct
tube or channel for conducting a liquid, air, etc.
ductile
1. able to be drawn out or hammered thin (said of metal) 2. easily led; docile
induce
lead on; move by persuasion
induct
admit ("lead in") as a member; initiate
induction
1. ceremony by which one is made a member; initiation 2. reasoning from the particular to the general
seduction
enticement; leading astray into wrongdoing
traduce
(literally, "lead along" as a spectacle to bring into disgrace); malign; slander; vilify; calumniate
viaduct
bridge for conducting a road or railroad over a valley, river, etc.
consecutive
following in regular order; successive
consequence
1. that which follows logically; result 2. importance
execute
1. follow through to completion; carry out 2. put to death
inconsequential
of no consequence; trivial; unimportant
non sequitur
statement that does not follow from previous statements
persecute
oppress; harass; annoy
prosecute
1. follow to the end or until finished 2. conduct legal proceedings against; sue
sequel
something that follows; continuation; consequence; outcome
sequence
the following of one thing after another; succession; orderly series
sequential
arranged in a sequence; serial
concur
1. agree; be of the same opinion (literally, "run together") 2. happen together; coincide
concurrent
running together; occurring at the same time; simultaneous
current (adj.)
now in progress; prevailing
current (n.)
flow
curriculum
course of study in a school or college
cursive
running or flowing (said of handwriting in which the letters are joined)
cursory
running over hastily; superficially done
discursive
wandering ("running") from one topic to another; rambling; digressive
excursion
going ("running") out or forth; expedition
incur
1. meet with ("run into") something undesirable 2. bring upon oneself
incursion
1. rushing into 2. hostile invasion; raid
precursor
forerunner; predecessor
recur
happen again (literally, "run again")
aggressive
disposed to attack (literally, "step toward"); militant; assertive; pushing
egress
means of going out; exit
gradation
1. change by steps or stages 2. act of grading
grade
step; stage; degree; rating
gradient
1. rate at which a road, railroad track, temperature, voltage, etc., rises or falls ("steps" up or down) 2. slope; inclination
gradual
step-by-step; proceeding by small stages or degrees
graduate
complete all the steps of a course and receive a diploma or degree
graduated
arranged in regular steps, stages, or degrees
progressive
going forward to something considered better
regressive
disposed to move ("step") backward; retrogressive
retrograde
1. going backward 2. becoming worse
retrogression
act of going from a better to a worse state; deterioration
transgress
step beyond the limits or barriers; go beyond; break a law; violate
biped
two-footed animal
centipede
(literally, "hundred-legged" creature); wormlike animal with one pair of legs on most of its segments
expedite
1. facilitate (literally, "extricate someone caught by the foot") 2. accelerate or speed up
impede
hinder (literally, "entangle the feet"); obstruct; block
impediment
1. hindrance; obstacle (literally, "something entangling the feet") 2. defect
millipede
(literally, "thousand-legged" creature); wormlike animal with two pairs of legs on most of its segments
pedal
lever acted on by the foot
pedestal
1. support or foot of a column or statue 2. foundation
pedestrian (n.)
person traveling on foot
pedestrian (adj.)
commonplace; unimaginative; dull
velocipede
1. child's tricycle (literally, "swift foot") 2. early form of bicycle
contact
touching or meeting; association; connection
contiguous
touching; in physical contact; adjoining
contingent
1. dependent on something else (literally, "touching together") 2. accidental
intact
untouched or uninjured; kept or left whole
intangible
1. not capable of being perceived by the sense of touch 2. hard to grasp or define exactly
tact
sensitive mental perception of what is appropriate on a given occasion (literally, "sense of touch")
tactful
having or show tact; diplomatic
tactile
1. pertaining to the sense of touch 2. tangible
tangent (adj.)
touching at only one point
tangent (n.)
line or surface meeting a curved line or surface at one point, but not intersecting it
tangential
merely touching; slightly connected; digressive
apprehend
1. seize or take into custody 2. understand
apprehensive
1. quick to understand to grasp 2. fearful of what may come; anxious
comprehensible
able to be grasped mentally; understandable
comprehensive
including ("seizing") very much; extensive
prehensile
adapted for seizing
reprehend
find fault with (literally, "hold back"); rebuke; reprimand; censure
reprehensible
deserving of censure; culpable
abject
sunk or cast down to a low condition; downtrodden; deserving contempt; wretched
conjecture
guess; supposition; inference
dejected
downcast ("throw down"); discouraged; depressed
eject
throw out; expel; evict
inject
force ("throw in"); introduce
interject
throw in between; insert; interpose
object
protest ("throw against"); disapprove
project
thrust or "throw forward"; plan
projectile
body (bullet, missile, ball, etc.) to be shot or otherwise "thrown forward"
reject
discard ("throw back"); refuse to take
subject
force (someone) to undergo something unpleasant or inconvenient; expose; make liable to
advert
turn attention; refer
aversion
feeling of repugnance toward something with a desire to turn away from it; strong dislike; antipathy
avert
prevent ("turn away"); avoid
controversy
dispute (literally, a "turning against"); debate; quarrel
convert
transform (e.g., "turn" from one belief to another, one currency into another--as dollars into euros, or one physical state to another--as a liquid to a solid)
diversion
entertainment; amusement
divert
1. turn aside 2. amuse; entertain
extrovert
someone "turned outward" (e.g., social, outgoing, gregarious, focused on outside matters rather than on inner concerns)
inadvertently
without turning one's mind to the matter at hand; carelessly; unintentionally
incontrovertible
not able to be "turned opposite" or disputed; not open to question
introvert (n.)
someone "turned inward" (e.g., shy, diffident, focused on one's own thoughts and feelings rather than on outside matters
introvert (v.)
turn inward
invert
turn upside down
obverse
side turned toward the observer; therefore, the front of a coin, medal, etc.