Terms in this set (69)
who coined the term victimology?
victims were the focus in what time period?
Principle that suggest retribution is the key to justice
victim culpability suggest that an irresponsible act by a victim was taken advantage of by an offender
what was the focus of victimological research in the 1940
what theorist suggested victims and offenders needed to be considered in a dyad in order to fully understand victimization?
Hans Von Hentig
what year was the first national crime survey conducted
first three victim assistance programs focused on what type of crime victimization
what was not a critical victimological development of the womens movement
women used alcohol and drugs as self medication techniques to deal with rape
this movement identified that both offenders and victims were mistreated by the criminal justice system
civil rights movment
organization was an outgrowth of the victims of crime Act 1984
Office for victims of crime
programs responsible for notifying victims of court proceedings and provided guidance
victim/witness assistance programs
individuals affected by the victimization of a loved one
violence against women act was enacted in what year?
today victiomologist study all except
causes of criminal behavior
Early babylonian code required that equity be restored between the offender and the victim
code of hammurabi
principles that guided most proceedings when a offender was determined guilty
retribution and restution
women's movement also bought attention to the group of victims
victimology is considered a subfield of psychology
An individual enters a home with the intent to burglarize it. he is shot. would this be considered victim provocation
this measure of crime includes only crimes reported to police
uniform crime report
whats not included in the part 1 index crimes
this rule requires that only the most serious of offenses within an incident be reported to the uniform crime report
database created to address the flaws in the uniform crime report
national incident based reporting system
NCV records crimes of victims at age
NCVS identified which pair of crimes as the most common property and violent crime in 2008
theft and simple assault
Ncvs and international crime victims survey are similar in what specific regard
both implement a two stage process when asking about victimization
theory of victimization suggest that our daily behaviors influence our vulnerability to victimization
routine activities theory
principle that suggest that the more one comes into contact with offenders, the more likely he is to be victimized
principle of homogamy
what is the third element in the routine activities theory: motivated offender, suitable target and ____
concentrated areas of crime are called
this theory suggest that more distressed one is, the more likely he or she could act in a way to provoke a victimization
social interactionist perspective
theory suggests that someone with low self control will commit criminal acts, which makes him more likely to be victimized
a general theory of crime
two characteristics seem to deter people from committing and thus reduce likelihood of victimization
marriage and employment
UCR reports data from what percent of the population
typical criminal according to the UCR
the recall period in the NCVS is
Criminal acts perpetrated by______are more likely to result in injury.
The majority of homicides that involved a weapon were perpetrated using a _____.
Three ____ responses to victimization that are common are depression, reductions in self-esteem and anxiety.
Approximately 9% of the general public experiences PTSD, but this percentage increases to _ % of crime victims.
This type of self-blame occurs when one believes he can do something to avoid a future victimization.
Victims are said to experience this when they feel that responding to victimization is useless.
The median dollar amount of loss attributed to crime when there was a loss was_______.
_____is NOT an economic cost associated with criminal victimizations.
Groceries form crime victims' families
____% of mental health care costs is related to crime.
Insurance companies annually pay about___on crime-related claims.
The ___suggests that female are more fearful of crime in general because of their fear of sexual assault.
____ are violations of community standards and accepted norms and values which are related to perceived risk and fear of crime.
____occurs when loved ones of crime victims also suffer the consequences of victimization.
Vicarious victimization may occur when someone is traumatized by____.
Watching coverage of violent acts through media
_____is NOT a reason crime victims choose to report a crime.
Fear of reprisal
This type of victimization suggest that a person has been a victim of the SAME crime more than once
____suggests that recurring victimization occurs because of the quality or character of a victim.
According to the ___theoretical explanation of recurring victimization, the way the victim and offender act during and after the victimization will determine if another victimization occurs.
This type of victimization suggests that a person has been a victim of ANY type of crime more than once
This type of victimization suggests that a crime will occur within a close proximity of where anther crime occurred.
Intimate partner violence, rape,____, and property victimization are all at high risk of recurring victimization
The National Violence Against Women Study found that women who experienced childhood sexual abuse were__times more likely to be a victim of a sex crime by her partner as an adult
In general, most recurring victimization occur within
Residential burglary NEAR repeats tended to occur within_____.
One is at higher risk of recurring victimization if he is a victim of crime and ____.
Has the 7-repeat allele of the DRD4 gene
Neighborhood-level risk factors that increase the likelihood of recurring victimization include all EXCEPT which of the following?
Only one car for the household
The "flag" theoretical explanation of recurring victimization is consistent with which theory?
Some research suggest that polyvictimization can cause greater levels of ___in victims when compared to victims of a single incident
Studies in what country have found reductions in repeat burglaries due to efforts by law enforcement?
For victims of sex crimes, these types of programs seemed to increase the likelihood that a victim would be able to reduce subsequent sexual victimzations
This type of a program is one in which a police officer and victim advocate will re-visit an intimate partner violence victim to provide her with information on social and legal programs to assist her
From 1992-2004, The NCVS found that __% of households reported repeat domestic violence to same victim.