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156 terms

GRE General Set 20

STUDY
PLAY
confound
confuse; puzzle
conifer
pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. -ous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
suture
stitches sewn to hold the cut edges of a wound or incision; material used in sewing; V: sew together a wound
epicure
a person who takes particular pleasure in fine food and drink; connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus
prelate
church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)
defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
sectarian
of a sect; narrow-minded; parochial; N: member of a sect; narrow-minded person
inerrancy
infallibility
somatic
pertaining to the body; bodily; physical
die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; a device for cutting or molding metal into a particular shape.; singular form of dice .
gavel
hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.
monochrome
painting in only one color; ADJ.
thrash
beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; Ex. The fishes ~ed about in the net.
geriatrics
medical treatment and care of old age
dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter ~: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
reprobate
morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?
kleptomaniac
person who has a compulsive desire to steal
resignation
patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; ADJ. resigned: acquiescent
microcosm
small representative world; world in miniature; Ex. ~ of English society; a community, place, or situation regarded as encapsulating in miniature the characteristic qualities or features of something much larger : Berlin is a ~ of Germany, in unity as in division.
prosaic
lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose
anthropoid
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
pauper
very poor person
fallow
(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated
entreat
plead; ask earnestly
disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
unruly
disobedient; lawless; difficult to control
potion
dose (of liquids); liquid dose
bigot
one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)
ingenuous
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid
orient
get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate
raiment
clothing; garments; Ex. I have no ~ fit to wear.
Bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
pucker
gather into wrinkles or folds; N: wrinkle or fold; the baby stirred, ~ing up its tiny face.
pummel
pommel; beat or pound with fists; strike repeatedly, typically with the fists : Bob did not fight back for the fifteen minutes that the half-dozen men ~ed him.
curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. ~ de grace: deathblow or shot which kills
glimmer
shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication; Ex. ~ of hope
synchronous
similarly timed; simultaneous with; occurring at the same time; V. synchronize
impudence
impertinence; insolence
quaff
drink with zest; drink with relish(zest; hearty enjoyment); CF. sip
levee
earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; CF. raise
embroider
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
crossbreed
hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed
centripetal
tending toward the center
malefactor
evildoer; criminal
garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. -lity
Occident
the West
lilliputian
extremely small; CF. Lilliput in Gulliver's Travels
prude
excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things, esp. of a sexual nature); N. prudery; ADJ. prudish: excessively concerned with propriety
pallid
pale; wan; Ex. ~ complexion
romp
play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.
acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. -bic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
dignitary
person of high rank or position
berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
languish
lose animation or strength
infinitesimal
very small
masquerade
wear a mask or disguise; pretend; N: costume party or ball at which masks are worn; pretense; disguise
shade
slight difference in degree; nuance; degree of color; Ex. ~s of meaning/grey
merit
good quality deserving praise; -s: aspect of character or behavior deserving approval or disapproval; Ex. judge each plan on its own ~s; V: deserve; earn
suffuse
spread through or over (with a color or liquid); charge; Ex. A blush ~ed her cheeks.
cursive
(of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined
hireling
one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; a person employed to undertake menial work, esp. on a casual basis. Ex. ~ politician
palatial
of or suitable for a palace; magnificent
execrate
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
disheveled
untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel
geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered
sanguinary
bloody; with much bloodshed
impediment
hindrance; stumbling-block; speech defect preventing clear articulation; Ex. speech ~
dolt
slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull
sacrilegious
desecrating; profane; N. sacrilege: desecration, misuse, or theft of something sacred
menace
threat; V: threaten
dilapidated
falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. ~ old car/castle; N. -tion
cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight); a medical condition in which the lens of the eye becomes progressively opaque, resulting in blurred vision : she had ~s in both eyes.
usury
lending money at illegal high rates of interest
impute
attribute; ascribe; charge; epresent (something, esp. something undesirable) as being done, caused, or possessed by someone; attribute : the crimes ~ed to Richard.; • Finance assign (a value) to something by inference from the value of the products or processes to which it contributes : [as adj. ] ( ~ed) recovering the initial outlay plus ; N. -tation
jaundiced
yellowed; prejudiced (envious, hostile, or resentful) from long and disappointing experience of human affairs; Ex. with a ~ eye
lace
cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; V: draw together by tying a ~
prophylactic
used to prevent disease; N: something ~; condom; N. -laxis: prevention of disease
paroxysm
fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst
transmute
transform; change; convert to something different
submerge
place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); Ex. ~ed in work
foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
psychopathic
pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. ~path: person with an antisocial personality disorder
porridge
soft food made by boiling oatmeal
volley
simultaneous discharge of a number of shots; V.; (in sports, esp. tennis or soccer) a strike or kick of the ball made before it touches the ground.
silt
sediment deposited by running water (at the entrance to a harbor or by a bend in a river)
catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V. a loud whistle or a comment of a sexual nature made by a man to a passing woman.
sleeper
one that achieves unexpected success; something originally of little value or importance that in time becomes very valuable
replete
fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report ~ with errors
rakish
jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a ~ and jaunty angle.
writhe
twist in coils; contort in pain
satirical
using satire; mocking
nauseate
cause to become sick; fill with disgust; fill nausea
muddle
confuse; mix up confusedly; N: state of confusion
varnish
paint used to coat a surface with a glossy film; glossy coating produced by using this substance; Ex. nail ~; V.; resin dissolved in a liquid for applying on wood, metal, or other materials to form a hard, clear, shiny surface when dry.
chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
multiform
having many forms
dilate
expand; ~ on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
layman
man who is not a cleric; man who is nonprofessional
flair
talent
fluke
unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky
ornithologist
scientific student of birds; N. ornithology: scientific study of birds
bank
heap; piled-up mass; embankment; lateral tilting (as of an aircraft in turning); V: pile up; protect with a ~; tilt in turning
entail
make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. ~ A on/upon B
prosody
art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse
acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
economy
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
derelict
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
ignite
kindle; light; catch fire or set fire to
fluky
obtained or achieved more by chance than skill : a ~ goal.
knack
special talent; art
matrimony
state of being married
self-righteous
sure of one's own righteousness; moralistic
stasis
a period or state of inactivity or equilibrium.; • Medicine a stoppage of flow of a body fluid. adj static
victuals
food; provisions; V. victual: provide with food
ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
maxim
proverb; truth pithily stated
stupefy
stun; make numb (as with a drug); amaze
tureen
deep dish for serving soup
statute
law enacted by the legislature
stoop
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. ~ to lying
aromatic
fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
hothead
person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded
abut
border upon; adjoin; (of an area of land or a building) be next to or have a common boundary with : gardens abutting Great Prescott Street | [ intrans. ] a park ~ on an area of wasteland.; touch or lean upon : masonry may crumble where a roof ~s it.
litigation
lawsuit; N. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; V. litigate
descry
catch sight of (something distant)
squeamish
easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.
abrogate
abolish
grill
question severely; cook on a grill; broil; N: cooking surface of parallel metal bars
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
bludgeon
a thick stick with a heavy end, used as a weapon figurative : a rhetorical ~ in the war against liberalism.
freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
sedition
conduct or language inciting rebellion; rebellion; resistance to authority; insubordination; ADJ. seditious
groom
man employed to take care of horses; V: make neat and trim; clean and brush (an animal)
peerless
having no equal; incomparable
sultry
(of weather) hot; sweltering; sensual; voluptuous; 2 (of a person, esp. a woman) attractive in a way that suggests a passionate nature.; 1 (of the air or weather) hot and humid.
banal
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; cliched
prehensile
capable of grasping or holding (esp. by wrapping around); Ex. ~ tails
unction
the act of anointing with oil; Ex. extreme ~
repulsion
distaste; disgust; act of driving back; ADJ. repulsive: causing disgust; tending to drive away; V. repel (not `repulse')
deliberate
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
permissive
allowing much freedom; lenient; Ex. ~ society
serpentine
winding; twisting; of or like a serpent; Ex. serpentine course of the river; N. serpent: snake
stymie
thwart; present an obstacle; stump; prevent or hinder the progress of : the changes must not be allowed to ~ new medical treatments.
canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
consecrate
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
provisional
tentative; temporary
marsupial
one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch(pocket of skin or leather); CF. kangaroo, opossum, wombat
debunk
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
bilk
swindle; cheat
well-bred
of good upbringing; well-mannered and refined
congruous
in agreement or harmony : this explanation is ~ with earlier observations.