33 terms

Chapter 4 Review

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Phillis Wheatley
enlaced African poet, first in the colonies to speak of the slave trade and middle passage.
Anne Bradstreet
First colonial poet to speak of the hardships and joy of being a Puritan.
Benjamin Franklin
best-loved colonial write and journalist, known for creating the Pennsylvania Gazette and Poor Richard's Almanack.
Jonathan Edwards
preacher during the Great Awakening that called on people to examine their lives and commit themselves to God.
Time period that inspired more religious tolerance due to the amount of new religions and churches being created.
The Great Awakening
Magna Carta guaranteed the right to
trial by jury
separation of power
division of government into separate branches, so that not one single branch can ever completely control
group of people who have the power to make laws
legislature
The trial of a New York journalist that criticized the NY governor and later responsible for the idea of Freedom of Press and to be able to inform citizens on news based on facts.
Peter Zenger trial
The English Bill of Rights upheld the protection a person to be held in prison without being charged with a specific crime.
Habeas Corpus
Signed a contract to work for someone who would pay for their trip to America
Indentured Servants
Gentry
Small group of colonist that often were apart of the government that were on top of the social class system.
Set of laws, given by England, that limited what the colonists could do with their trade so they would support the idea of mercantilism.
Navigation Laws
Trade that would go from New England colonies, to Caribbean Islands or West Indies, then to Africa to retrieve African slaves to go back to the Caribbean and West Indies.
Triangular Trade
Established to prevent slave revolts in the Southern Colonies.
Slave Codes
Schools supported by taxes
Public schools
Schools offered from women opening up their homes to teach reading and writing to boys and girls.
Dame schools
Affect of the Navigation Acts
Colonist would begin to smuggle and trade illegally to make a bigger profit.
Originally colony that banned slavery, but later lifted this law due to demand of the growing plantations in area.
Georgia
Rights that belong to every human being from birth
Natural Rights
Monarchs get their authority to rule directly from God
Divine Rights
Person that believe and argued for Separation of Power to keep any individual or group from gaining too much power.
Montesquieu
Colony that later passed a law stating that children born into slavery are slaves
Maryland
Boys who were learning a trade usually began as mentors
Apprentice
Enslaved Africans crossed the Atlantic on a voyage that is known as....
middle passage
Belief that some races are inferior to others
racism
First document to place restrictions on the English ruler's power.
Magna Carta
Document that was written in England that promised the government would protect the people's freedoms.
English Bill of Rights
Colony that passed anti-slavery law, but later removed this law due to the high profits shippers were making from the slave trade.
Rhode Island
Time of European thinkers that came to believe that all problems could be solved by human reasoning.
Enlightenment
After the Magna Carta, a bi-cameral system of council was formed
Parliament
Argued that every person was born with inalienable rights that could not be taken away, compared to the divine rights of the Monarchy.
John Locke
Libel
publishing of statements that damage a person's reputation