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Terms in this set (11)
1. Patient oriented evidence that matters refers to:
a. Evidence that addresses symptoms, mortality, morbidity, cost and quality of life.
b. Evidence that analyzes the prevalence and incidence of certain conditions.
c. Evidence that explores properties of a disease entity.
d. Evidence that confirms what we suspected with respect to certain patient populations.
2. Which of the following is most true of the term precision?
a. Precision describes how closely a measured value is to the true value.
b. Measurements can be precise but can still be influenced by systematic error.
c. Precision in measurement can exist if the results vary greatly from one study to the next.
d. Precision in measurements can exist if the results vary greatly from on examiner to another.
3. Most current practice guidelines are derived from the opinions of experts in the relevant field or practice:
4. Which is a full Clinical Question:
a. In children with strep throat, is amoxicillin as effective as penicillin for relief of symptoms?
b. What is the best treatment for relieving the symptoms of a sore throat?
c. Is amoxicillin better than penicillin for young children?
5. Which is a well build clinical question:
a. Is Tamiflu more effective than bed rest and Tylenol for the flu?
b. In healthy adults, does Tamiflu reduce the severity of acute influenza?
c. How much does Tamiflu cost?
6. A good clinical question is:
a. Can PT help an elderly 83 year old male?
b. In elderly patients with knee problems, can PT improve mobility and reduce pain
c. Is PT helpful for painful knee
7. In a study to understand the relationship between alcohol consumption and gait stability identify the IV and DV:
a. IV: amount alcohol consumed and DV is measure of Gait stability
b. IV: Gait stability measures and DV is the amount of alcohol consumed
c. Not enough information to identify IV and DV
8. All of the following are true of likelihood ratios except?
a. They are more patient specific than sensitivity and specificity.
b.They use a test result rather than a test property.
c. They are used in context of pre-test and post-test probability.
d. They cannot be used to compare the results of multiple diagnostic tools.
9. Probabilistic diagnostic reasoning is best described as:
a. An approach that uses a pre-test probability incorporates information and arrives at a post-test probability.
b. A prospective comparison of a diagnostic test to a gold standard.
c. Another name for patter recognition.
d.The consequence that occurs when blinding techniques are not utilized in a diagnostic study.
10. All of the following are true pre-test probabilities except?
a. They are estimated by using one's clinical experience along with relevant literature
b. They are associated with a level of uncertainty.
c. They cannot be converted into pre-test odds.
d. They can be used to determine post-test probability.
The term number "needed to treat" refers to:
a. The number of treatment options available for a particular condition.
b. The number of patients who need to be treated during a given time frame in order to prevent one outcome.
c. The number of patients who need to be treated within a certain population to impact the disease prevalence.
d. The number of patients who need to be treated within a certain time frame within a certain population.
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