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[Psych] Drug Intoxication and Withdrawal
Terms in this set (66)
Which drugs fall under the category "depressants?"
opioids (morphine, heroin, methadone)
What are the general symptoms of intoxication with depressants?
What are the general symptoms of withdrawal with depressants?
What are the general symptoms of mild alcohol withdrawal?
What are the general symptoms of severe alcohol withdrawal?
delirium tremens (DTs)
How are delirium tremens treated?
What are the general symptoms of opioid withdrawal?
How is opioid withdrawal treated?
What are the general symptoms of barbiturate withdrawal?
life-threatening cardiovascular collapse
What are the general symptoms of benzodiazepines withdrawal?
What are the symptoms of alcohol intoxication?
What abnormal lab values are seen in alcohol intoxication?
AST value twice ALT value
What is a sensitive indicator of alcohol use?
serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT)
What are the symptoms of opioid intoxication?
respiratory and CNS depression
decreased gag reflex
pupillary constriction (pinpoint pupils)
What is the treatment for opioid intoxication?
What are the symptoms of barbiturate intoxication?
low safety margin
marked respiratory depression
What is the treatment for barbiturate intoxication?
What are the symptoms of benzodiazepine intoxication?
greater safety margin
minor respiratory depression
What is the treatment for benzodiazepine intoxication?
competitive benzodiazepine antagonist
Which drugs are classified as stimulants?
What are the general symptoms seen in stimulant intoxication?
What are the general symptoms seen in stimulant withdrawal?
What symptoms are seen in amphetamine intoxication?
prolonged wakefulness and attention
What are the severe symptoms seen in amphetamine intoxication?
What symptoms are seen in amphetamine withdrawal?
What symptoms are seen in cocaine intoxication?
hallucinations (including tactile)
sudden cardiac death
How is cocaine intoxication treated?
What symptoms are seen in cocaine withdrawal?
severe psychological craving
What symptoms are seen in caffeine intoxication?
What symptoms are present in caffeine withdrawal?
lack of concentration
What symptoms are present in nicotine intoxication?
What symptoms are present in nicotine withdrawal?
What is the treatment for nicotine withdrawal?
nicotine patch, gum or lozenges
Which drugs are classified as hallucinogens?
What are the symptoms of PCP intoxication?
vertical and horizontal nystagmus
What is the treatment for PCP intoxication?
What are the symptoms of PCP withdrawal?
disturbances of thought and sleep
What are the symptoms of LSD intoxication?
perceptual distortion (visual, auditory)
What are the symptoms of marijuana intoxication?
perception of slowed time
What is the prescription form of marijuana?
dronabinol (tetrahydrocannabinol isomer)
In what disease is marijuana prescribed?
antiemetic in chemotherapy
appetite stimulant in AIDS
What are the symptoms of marijuana withdrawal?
When do symptoms of marijuana withdrawal peak?
How long do symptoms of marijuana withdrawal last?
How long is marijuana detectable in urine?
For what conditions are heroin addicts at increased risk?
What is methadone?
long-acting oral opiate
For what is methadone used?
heroin detoxification or long-term mainenance
What is the advantage of naloxone + buprenorphine use in heroin addiction?
long acting with fewer withdrawal symptoms than methadone
How must naloxone must be taken to be active?
What is alcoholism?
physiologic tolerance and dependence with symptoms of withdrawal when intake is interrupted
What are the possible complications of alcoholism?
What is the treatment for alcoholism?
AA or other peer support groups for sustained abstinence
What is the purpose of disulfiram in alcoholics?
to condition patient to abstain from alcohol use
What is the cause of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome?
What are the symptoms of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome?
ataxia (Wernicke's encephalopathy
To what might Wernicke-Korsakoff progress?
irreversible memory loss
personality change (Korsakoff's psychosis
With what is Wernicke-Korsadoff syndrome associated?
periventricular hemorrhage/necrosis of mammillary bodies
What is the treatment for Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome?
IV thiamine (vitamin B1)
What is Mallory-Weiss syndrome?
longitudinal lacerations at the gastroesophageal junction caused by excessive vomiting
How does Mallory-Weiss syndrome often present?
With what is Mallory-Weiss often associated?
pain (vs. esophageal varices)
What are delirium tremens (DTs)?
life-threatening alcohol withdrawal syndrome
When do delirium tremens present?
2-5 days after last drink
What are the symptoms of delirium tremens?
in order of appearance:
autonomic system hyperactivity (tachycardia, tremors, anxiety, seizures)
psychotic symptoms (hallucinations, delusions)
What is the treatment for delirium tremens?
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