20 terms

Dental Ethics and Law

Withdrawing care from a patient without reasonable notice or without providing a referral for completion of dental treatment.
Civil Law
Noncriminal legal action that a patient may pursue against a dentist that may result in a compensation lawsuit for pain, suffering, and loss of wages resulting from a dental treatment or dentist's actions.
Dental jurisprudence
The governing laws in the science of dentistry.
Dental Practice Act
Legal restrictions set forth by each state legislative body that describe the statues regarding performance guidlines for licensed and nonlicensed dental health care professionals.
Due Care
The actions any reasonable or prudent dental care professional would perform under similar cirumstances.
Expanded function
Advanced task that requires increased skill and training performed by a dental auziliary when delegated by a dentist in accordance with the governing state dental practice act.
Express contract
Verbal or written words that are agreed on in an established contract.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
An Act passed by congress to address the security and privacy of health data.
Implied contract
A contract that is implemented by the patients actions, not verbally or written. Also known as implied consent.
Informed consent
The procedure of fully informing a patient about the choices the patient has regarding his/her dental care.
Informed refusal
Occurs when the patient refuses treatment after she/he has been full educated regarding the consenquences of not receiving the treatment.
Incorrect or negligent treatment by a professional.
Failure to use a standard of care that a reasonable person would apply under related situations.
Allows an individual to transfer licensure, with the same rights, from one state to another without having to retake licensure exams.
Res Gestae
Statements made at the time of an alleged negligent act that are admissible in court as evidence.
Res ipsa loquitur
"The act speaks for itself". The cause is obvious.
Respondeat superior
"The master answers". The employer is responsible for all employee actions.
Risk Managment
Actions implement to minimize legal risks to the dental practice.
Intentional or unintentional act that causes harm.
Written consent
A written document signed by the patient that provides consent to recieve treatment.