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20 terms

AP US History Chap 3

STUDY
PLAY
seasoning
occurs when settlers develop immunity to local diseases
middle passage
journey to america by slaves in slave ships
royal african company
trading company that maintained a monoply on importing slaves in the mainland colonies - led to high prices and low supplies, mid 1690's monopoly broken
slave codes
early 18th century lawa limited the rights of Blacks, gave almost absolute authority to white masters, color was the only factor in determining if someone subject to slave codes
scotch-irish
most numerous of the newcomers to the New World, Presbyterians who settled in Ulster, Northern Ireland, came to Americas because Britain outlawed exporting woolens (main source of their economy) and the Presbyterian religion
Eliza Lucas
Antiguian woman, experimented with cultivating indigo on the mainland, grew where rice wouldn't and harvested when the rice was still growing
Saugus Works
firt significant ironworks in the colonies, located in Mass in 1640's after iron ore deposits discovered, technological success, but a financial failure
Peter Hasenclever
controlled largest metal industrial enterprise in English North America, located in New Jersey, suffered from inadequate labor supply, small domestic market, and energy supply
Charles Carroll of Carrollton
wealthies man in the colonies, owned plantation with 40,000 acres and 285 slaves
Gullah
language developed by African workers so white masters could not understand them, hybrid of English and African, culturallly a connection to Africa
Town Meeting
annual event to choose "selectmen" to govern until next meeting, only men allowed to participate, must also be "visible saint"
visible saint
resident who could give evidence of grace, of being among the elect, confident o salvation as the result of a conversion experience, other members of the community had to still attend church
primogeniture
English system of passing all inherited property to the first-born son, did not take root in New England where father divided land among all sons - father could control sons
Salem, Mass
known for witchcraft, adolescent girls with strange behavior accussed several West Indian Servants, lead to hundreds of accusations including leading citizens and 19 deaths, ended 1692
George Whitefield
succeeded John Wesley as leader of Calvinist Methodists in Oxford, England, major force in revivalism in England and America, journey to colonies sparked Great Awakening
Johathan Edwards
outstanding preacher of the Great Awakening, attacked doctrines of easy salvation, stressed Puritan ideas of absolutely sovereignty of GOd, presdestination, and salvation by GOd's grace, descritpions of Hell terrifying
New Lights/Old Lights
New were revivalists, old were traditionalists, Great Awakening led to division and founding of new religions, also affected beliefs about education
dame schools
led by widowed or unmarried women in homes
Cotton Mather
Puritan theologian , believed that disease was punishment from God, but pushed idea of immunizations ( infecting with mild cases of disease to protect )
John Peter Zenger
NY publisher, trial in 1734-1735 for criticizing government, court ruled that criticism was not libel if true, different from England