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37 terms

Medical Terminology (Ch. 13 Ear combining forms and anatomical terms)

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acous/o, audi/o
hearing
aer/o
air or gas
aerotitis
inflammation within the ear ducts due to pressure change
aur/i, ot/o
ear
cerumin/o
wax
salping/o
greek for "trumpet" because its coiled up and compact. eustacian tube or uterine tube.
ceruminosis
too much wax within the ear
tympan/o, myrang/o
eardrum. "drum" in latin.
tympanic membrane
eardrum
myringotomy
treatment of eardrum
T.M.
tympanic membrane
myrix
eardrum
-acusis
hearing condition
presbyacusis
hearing loss due to old age
salpingocytesis
ectopic or turbid pregnancy, fertilization that occurs within the fallopian tube that can be harmful to the mother.
sine cera
no coverups..real, sincere
otorhinolaryngology
nose, throat and ear study..pertains to nose, throat, and ears
sincere
without wax..refers to Roman statues being restored with wax..
pinna
auricle "little ear;" projected part of the external ear
cochlea
"shell" coiled tubular structure of the inner ear that contains the organ of Corti
external auditory meatus (canal)
external passage for sounds collected from the pinna to the tympanum
cerumen
waxy substance secreted by glands located throughout the external canal
malleus
hammer; first of the three auditory ossicles of the middle ear
incus
anvil; middle of the three auditory ossicles of the middle ear
stapes
stirrup; last of the three auditory ossicles of the middle ear
eustachian/auditory tube
tube connecting the middle ear to the pharynx (throat)
mastoid process
projection of the temporal bone located behind the ear containing air cells that connect to the middle ear
oval window
membrane that covers the opening between the middle ear and the inner ear
inner ear
structures and liquids that relay sound waves to the auditory nerve fibers on a path to the brain for interpretation of sound
labyrinth
maze; inner ear consisting of bony and membranous labyrinths
perilymph
fluid that fills the bony labyrinth of the ear
endolymph
fluid within the cochlear duct of the inner ear (labyrinth)
organ of Corti
organ located int he cochlea that contains receptors (hair cells) that receive vibrations and generate nerve impulses
vestibule
middle part of the inner ear in front of the semicircular canals and behind the cochlea that contains the utricle and saccule
utricle
larger of two sacs within the membranous labyrinth of the vestibule in the inner ear
saccule
smaller of two sacs within the membranous labyrinth of the vestibule in the inner ear
semicircular canals
three canals within the inner ear that contain specialized receptor cells that generate nerve impulses with body movement