20 terms

Final World Music Quiz

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Ershad
Iran's ministry of islamic guidance
Censorship in Iran
Solo female performance is forbidden in public
Dancing is forbidden on stage
too much electric guitar is forbidden
Rap is deemed illegal
Rap‐e‐Fahrs
lyrics are politcal
sexual - influenced by Iranian rap scene in Los Angeles circulated back to Tehran via underground networks
Iranian Instruments
Tar, Setar,
Kamenchech - spiked fiddle
Mehter Müziği
Turkish Military music; Symbolized the military power of the Empire
Zurna
Turkish Horn
Chaghana
bells attached to a pavilion or hat shaped ornament atop a stick adorned with crescents
Sufism
A mystical form of Islam Belief in tolerance and openness
God is Love, can only be felt through meditation
Sufis are organized in orders (groups) around a sheikh (master)
Sema
Mevlevi ceremony, featuring a whirling dervish.
Ayin - music at the ceremony
Symbolizes Divine Love
Ney
Reed Flute.
Symbolizes the longing that mature man suffers for the union with God just like the reed which has been cut from the reed bed
Trés
a Cuban guitar-like instrument with three courses, consisting of two strings each
Maracas and Claves
Rhythm instruments in cuban music.
Son Cubano
Combination of Spanish song structure and African rhythms, string instruments prominent, rhythmic playing (plucking) . became popular throughout the 30's-40's. Mambo, salsa.
Famous Cuban Musicans
Tito Puente, Hector Lavoe, Ruben Blades, Carlos Santana
Capoeira
a martial art and dance that developed in Brazil from Angolans who were taken there by the Portuguese from Africa. reinforces sense of community. songs usually call and response style. 1892 the art was deemed illegal in brazil.
berimbau
a musical bow tapped with a stick and equipped with a half-gourd resonator, place against the chest, mainly a rhythmic instrument
bateria
Capoeira instruments. including berimbau, tambourine, bells (agogo), and reco reco (scrapper)
Nueva Cancion
Social, political and aesthetic movement
Late 60s to early 70s
Alignment of musicians with rural, working class and indigenous populations
Folk and pan-Latin American musical elements
Support for socialist and communist candidates including Salvador Allende
Golpe Militar
1973 Chilean coup supported by CIA. Thousands imprisoned, murdered, tortured or exiled
Music censorship Internationalization of Nueva Canción
Chilean Musicians
INTI-ILLIMANI,VICTOR JARA, VIOLETA PARRA
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