40 terms

chapter 34

1. Franklin Roosevelt refused to support the London Economic Conference because
a) its members insisted on rigid adherence to the gold standard
b) any agreement to stabilize national currencies might hurt America's recovery from depression
c) such an agreement would involve the U.S. militarily with the League of Nations
d) the delegates refused to work on reviving international trade
e) it was dominated by British and Swiss bankers
2. As a result of Franklin Roosevelt's unwillingness to support the London Conference,
a) inflation in the U.S. was reduced
b) the U.S. was voted out of the League of Nations
c) tensions arouse between the U.S. and Britain
d) the U.S. began to pull out of the Depression
e) the trend toward extreme nationalism was strengthened
3. One internationalist action by Franklin D. Roosevelt in his first term in office was
a) the formal recognition of the Soviet Union
b) joining the League of Nations
c) establishing military bases in China
d) his support of the Tydings-McDuffie Act
e) his commitment to Philippine independence
4. Roosevelt's recognition of the Soviet Union was undertaken partly
a) in order to win support for American Catholics
b) because the Soviet leadership seemed to be modifying its harsher communist policies
c) in hopes of developing a diplomatic counterweight to the rising power of Japan and Germany
d) to win favor with American liberals and leftists
e) to open opportunities for American investment in Siberian oil fields
5. In promising to grant the Philippines independence, the U.S. was motivated by
a) treaty obligations
b) doubts about the islands' potential profitability
c) the view that the islands were militarily indefensible
d) the realization that the islands were economic liabilities
e) regrets over their imperialistic takeover on 1898
6. Franklin Roosevelt embarked on the Good Neighbor policy in part because
a) there was a rising tide of anti-Americanism in Latin America
b) Congress had repealed the Monroe Doctrine
c) he feared the spread of communism in the region
d) the policy was part of the neutrality stance taken by the U.S.
e) he was eager to enlist Latin American allies to defend the Western Hemisphere against European and Asian dictators
7. As part of his Good Neighbor policy toward Latin America, President Roosevelt
a) abandoned the Monroe Doctrine
b) withdrew American marines from Haiti
c) asked Congress to extend the Platt Amendment in Cuba
d) returned to the Guantanamo naval base to Cuban control
e) proposed to grant Rico its independence
8. The 1934 Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act
a) raised America's tariff schedule
b) inhibited President Roosevelt's efforts to implement his Good Neighborhood policy.
c) increased America's foreign trade
d) was most strongly opposed in the South and West
e) was aimed at isolating Italy and Germany
9. President Franklin Roosevelt's foreign-trade policy
a) lowered tariffs to increase trade
b) encouraged trade only with Latin America
c) continued the policy that had persisted since the Civil War
d) was reversed only after World War II
e) sought protection for key U.S. industries
10. Throughout most of the 1930s, the American people responded to the aggressive actions of Germany, Italy, and Japan by
a) assisting their victims with military aid
b) giving only economic help to the targets of aggression
c) beginning to build up their military forces
d) demanding an oil embargo on all warring nations
e) retreating into isolationism
11. Fascist aggression in the 1930s included Mussolini's vision of ______________, Hitler's invasion of _______________, and Franco's overthrow of the republican government of ____________________.
a) Egypt, France, Poland
b) Albania, Italy, Austria
c) Ethiopia, Czechoslovakia, Spain
d) Belgium, the Soviet Union, France
e) Ethiopia, Norway, Portugal
12. By the mid-1930s, there was strong nationwide agitation for a constitutional amendment to
a) increase the size of the Supreme Court
b) limit a president to two terms
c) ban arm sales to foreign nations
d) require the president to gain Congressional approval before sending U.S. troops overseas
e) forbid a declaration of war by Congress unless first approved by a popular referendum
13. Passage of the Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937 by the U.S. resulted in all of the following except
a) abandonment of the traditional policy of freedom of the seas
b) a decline in the navy and other armed forces
c) making no distinction whatever between aggressors and victims
d) spurring aggressors along their path of conquest
e) balancing the scales between dictators and U.S. allies by trading with neither
14. The Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937 stipulated that when the president proclaimed the existence of a foreign war,
a) Americans would be prohibited from sailing on the ships of the warring nations
b) America would sell arms and war materials only to the victim of aggression
c) American bankers would be allowed to make loans to only one of the warring nations
d) U.S. diplomats intended to uphold the tradition of freedom of the seas
e) U.S. diplomats and civilians would be withdrawn from both warring nations
15. From 1925 to 1940 the transition of American policy on arms sales to warring nations followed this sequence:
a) embargo to lend-lease to cash-and-carry
b) cash-and-carry to lend-lease to embargo
c) lend-lease to cash-and-carry to embargo
d) embargo to cash-and-carry to lend-lease
e) lend-lease to embargo to cash-and-carry
16. America's neutrality during the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939 allowed
a) Hitler to conquer Spain
b) the Loyalists to win the war
c) Roosevelt and Franco to become personal friends
d) the Soviets to aid the Spanish republic
e) Spain to become a fascist dictatorship
17. Franklin Roosevelt's sensational "Quarantine Speech" resulted in
a) immediate British support for U.S. policy
b) a wave of protest by isolationists
c) support from both Democratic and Republican leaders
d) Japanese aggression in China
e) A modification of the Neutrality Acts
18. In September 1938 in Munich, German,
a) Britain and France consented to Germany's taking the Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia
b) Hitler declared his intention to take Austria
c) Hitler signed the Axis Alliance Treaty with Japan
d) Britain and France acquiesced to the German reoccupation of the Rhineland
e) Britain and France declared that an invasion of Poland would mean war
19. In 1938 the British and French brought peace with Hitler at the Munich Conference at the expense of
a) Poland
b) The free city of Danzig
c) Austria
d) Belgium
e) Czechoslovakia
20. Shortly after Adolf Hitler signed a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union,
a) Britain and France singed a similar agreement
b) the Soviets attacked China
c) Germany invaded Poland and started World War II
d) Italy signed a similar agreement with the Soviets
e) the Germans invaded Finland
21. The first casualty of the 1939 Hitler-Stalin nonaggression treaty was
a) Poland
b) Czechoslovakia
c) Austria
d) Belgium
e) the Jews
22. Which of the following nations was not conquered by Hitler's Germany between September 1939 and June 1940?
a) Norway
b) the Netherlands
c) France
d) Poland
e) Finland
23. All of the following factors contributed to the weaknesses and lateness of America's efforts to aid Europe's threatened Jews except
a) the belief that most Jews would be better off migrating to Israel
b) internal tensions between German-Jewish and eastern European Jewish communities in the U.S.
c) the restrictive Immigration Act of 1924
d) fear that a flood of Jewish refugees would add to unemployment during the Depression
e) Anti-Semitic attitudes in the State Department and Congress
24. The U.S. military refused to bomb Nazi gas chambers such as those at Auschwitz and Dachau because of the belief that
a) bombing would kill the Jews kept there
b) bombing would divert essential military resources
c) the military was unsure of the gas chambers' location
d) such attacks would not seriously impede the killing of Jews
e) all of the above
25. During World War II, the U.S. saved ________________ Jews from Nazism.
a) about one million
b) no
c) about six million
d) only a small number
e) about 250,000
26. Congress's first response to the unexpected fall of France in 1940 was to
a) revoke all the neutrality laws
b) expand naval patrols in the Atlantic
c) enact a new neutrality law enabling the Allies to buy American war materials on a cash-and-carry basis
d) call for the quarantining of aggressor nations
e) pass a conscription law
27. America's neutrality effectively ended when
a) Japan attacked Pearl Harbor
b) Germany attacked Poland
c) the conscription laws was passed in 1940
d) France fell to Germany
e) Italy "stabbed France in the back"
28. In return for old American destroyers, the British gave the U.S.
a) "most favored nation" status
b) a role in developing the atomic bomb
c) eight valuable naval bases
d) access to German military codes
e) six air bases in Scotland and Iceland
29. By 1940 American public opinion began to favor
a) the American First position
b) active participation in the war
c) permitting U.S. volunteers to fight in Britain
d) maintaining strict neutrality
e) providing Britain with "all aid short of war"
30. The Republican presidential nominee in 1940 was
a) Wendell L. Willkie
b) Robert A. Taft
c) Thomas E. Dewey
d) Alfred E. Landon
e) Charles A. Lindbergh
31. Franklin Roosevelt was motivated to run for a third term in 1940 mainly by his
a) personal desire to defeat his old political rival, Wendell Willkie
b) belief that America needed his experienced leadership during the international crisis
c) mania for power
d) opposition to Willkie's pledge to restore a strict policy of American neutrality
e) belief that the two-term tradition limited democratic choice
32. The 1941 lend-lease program was all of the following except
a) a focus of intense debate between internationalists and isolationists
b) a direct challenge to the Axis dictators
c) the point when all pretense of American neutrality was abandoned
d) the catalyst that caused American factories to prepare for all-out war production
e) another privately arranged executive deal, like the destroyers-for-bases trade
33. When Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, the U.S.
a) promised aid to the Soviets but did not deliver
b) refused to provide any help, either military or economic
c) gave only non-military aid to Russia
d) made lend-lease aid available to the Soviets
e) sent U.S. ships to Soviet naval bases
34. The Atlantic Charter, developed by the U.S. and Britain, was also endorsed by
a) Canada
b) France
c) Spain
d) China
e) the Soviet Union
35. After the Greer was fired upon, the Kearny crippled, and the Reuben James sunk,
a) Congress passed the Lend-Lease Act
b) the U.S. Navy began escorting merchant vessels carrying lend-lease shipments
c) Congress allowed the arming of U.S. merchant vessels
d) Congress forbade U.S. ships to enter combat zones
e) Roosevelt told the public that war was imminent
36. Japan believed that it was forced into war with the U.S. because Franklin Roosevelt insisted that Japan
a) withdraw from the Dutch East Indies
b) leave China
c) renew its trade with America
d) break its treaty of nonaggression with Germany
e) find alternative sources of oil
37. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 came as a great surprise because
a) President Roosevelt suspected that if an attack came, it would be in Malaya or the Philippines
b) there was no way of knowing that the Japanese had been provoked to the point of starting a war with the U.S.
c) Japanese communications were in a secret code unknown to the U.S.
d) the U.S. was, at the time, Japan's main source of oil and steel
e) it was believed that Japan had insufficient aircraft carriers to reach near Hawaii
38. On the even of Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, a large majority of Americans
a) were beginning to question the increased aid given to Britain
b) still wanted to keep the U.S. out of war
c) accepted the idea that America would enter the war
d) did not oppose Japan's conquests in East Asia
e) were ready to fight Germany but not Japan
39. Arrange these events in chronological order: (A) Munich Conference, (B) German invasion of Poland, (C) Hitler-Stalin non-aggression treaty.
a) A, C, B
b) B, C, A
c) C, B, A
d) C, A, B
e) A, B, C
40. Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) fall of France, (B) Atlantic Conference, (C) Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union
a) B, A, C
b) A, B, C
c) C, B, A
d) A, C, B
e) C, A, B