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Onc test 1 and 2
Terms in this set (531)
According to the system described in question 1, what number (%) represents the lowest level of functionality (most pain/symptoms)?
Which of the following alternative treatments involves application of electrical current through the skin for pain control?
The "tolerance does" for permanent hair loss is about ____ Gy.
Which of the following alternative treatments involves applying pressure to various parts of the feet or hands that correlate to body organs or structures?
T/F: The absence of saliva can lead to tooth decay.
This is an alteration of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity and results in inflammation, desquamation and ulceration:
This side effect of RTT closely mimics the pain associated with a myocardial infarction.
A complication of diabetes that occurs when the body cannot use sugar (glucose (as a fuel source because the body has no insulin or not enough insulin and fat is used instead
The most common medical intervention for ketoacidosis:
According to the lecture, "Healing Touch" may be something like which of the following alternative treatments:
An abnormal tube-like passage from a normal cavity or tube to a free surface or to another cavity is a:
A condition that occurs when blood sugar (glucose) is too low:
The narrowing or closing off of a structure is called:
Inflammation of the spinal cord defines what condition?
Which of the following possible side effects typically presents as an electric shock like sensation?
Vertical curvature of the spine (in the sagittal plane) is known as:
Lateral curvature of the spine is known as:
This is a type of flexible catheter used for short term drainage of urine, with no balloon tip.
A patient requiring considerable assistance and frequent medical care would probably be approximately what rating on the Study Guide?
This procedure is slowly replacing the ileostomy:
K- Pouch (aka BCIR)
A acute skin reaction that is characterized by inflammation, edema, and blister formation is call
Purplish/bluish eruptions on the skin surface, resembling varicose veins, is descriptive of what chronic skin reaction?
Ativan and Anzemet are examples of what category of medication?
This is a type of bath in which only the hips and butt talks are soaked in water or saline solution (or Epsom salts):
A skin reaction that is characterized by inflammation, edema, and blister formation is called:
major complications of chest tube placement?
hemorrhage, edema, infection
Whitish patches on the mucous membranes in the mouth is often a sign of
T/F: Patients experiencing esophagitis who are prescribed to use "the mixture" need to swish the mixture around in their mouth before swallowing it.
"Collapse of the lung" defines what term?
T/F: Radiation therapy to the colorectal region can cause the intestines to have less surface area, thus inhibiting absorption of materials in the intestine.
A Benign tumor that protrudes inward in the intestine is called:
Which area contains the most potential for producing bone marrow?
According to the notes, what part of the bone is the effective growing part?
Erythema can be classified as a class ____ skin reaction
Most side effects usually start to become very noticeable and perhaps problematic about _____ weeks into treatment
When forcing fluids, how many cc's should be taken in each day?
Accumulation of air in the pleural space:
T/F:In order to be tasted, food must be in a solution of saliva.
T/F: The cancer process itself can stimulate the bitter taste sensation.
T/F: Foods high in protein, compared to other foods, can taste bad to cancer patients.
What type of medication is used to treat bacterial infections?
What is a possible complication of radiation to the tear duct?
The following is a prescription injection that can act as a helpful intervention for fatigue:
Pneumonitis/fibrosis is irreversible and causes death if more than ____% of the lung is involved.
Coughing up or spitting up blood:
A prescription anti-diarrheal
A pH level of 2 describes:
An abnormal decrease in neutrophil count
The vertebrae contain about ____% of the active bone marrow in the body.
Another name for a fungal infection is:
A classification of drugs that are used to relax the walls of blood vessels:
What type of GI tract side effect is commonly experienced by patients taking pain medications?
Which of the following is not an example of a non-narcotic pain medication?
This category of drugs promote the loss of feeling or sensation.
Heparin is an example of what category of drug?
Most drugs leave the body through the:
Loritab is an example of what category of medications?
Put the following in order relating to the amount of time needed in order for them to take effect—startingwith the delivery type that takes the longest to take effect for pain control:
oral, IM, IV
Place the following mature blood cells in order of decreasing radiosensitivity (most sensitive to least sensitive) note, WBC for this question=white blood cell:
WBC, Plt, RBC
Name a type of indwelling retention catheter with an inflatable balloon.
A classification of drugs used to treat symptoms of N/V are called:
What is the term for laying down flat with feet elevated (for syncope)
T/F: Cultural conditions or religious practices can have an influence on the pain experience of cancer patients.
What is the most commonly experienced acute effect experienced by breast cancer patients?
What type of marrow supplies mature cells to the circulating blood
"An immature cell from which a wide variety of cells may arise", defines what term?
What is thrombocytopenia?
low platelet count
T/F: Radiation therapy side effects to the yellow bone marrow are more important than effects to the red marrow.
Which of the following pH number represents a neutral?
An inward tumor-like abnormality in the intestine that could eventually lead to a malignancy is called a:
A "Roosters Crowell" is a possible side effect for treatment to the:
This is composed of an exudative yellowish mixture of serum and dead cells:
What is the name of the radioresistant testosterone producing cells?
Thorazine is an example of what classification of drugs?
This would be the most serious possible side-effect to an appa thoracic field:
Dry desquamation is characterized by a destruction of the:
Loritab is an example of a:
Urispas is a medication intended to treat:
T/F Cultural and religious practices have a strong influence on the pain experience.
Simple erythema typically begins with doses at about:
Moist desquamation, including blister formation and edema is typically the result of the build up of:
Moist desquamation typically begins to be seen at doses of about:
Mucositis is often seen in doses exceeding:
Bone Marrow Suppression is typically seen at threshold doses at or above _ Gy
The method by which all health care providers can control the transmission of a blood-borne disease transmission is:
Cancer cachexia is:
Progressive, involuntary weight loss
What is the term that means 'difficulty in breathing in anything but an upright position'?
What does TVC stand for?
true vomiting center
Give an example of a local anesthetic described in the notes
What do the initials UCD stand for?
urinary collection device
List the ingredients in the "mixture"
What do the initials PIS stand for?
product information sheet
What do the initials TEP stand for?
What is the functional unit of the intestine?
Name a corticosteroid drug used for edema in the brain:
What is the most common side effect experienced by patients?
Define epithelial cells
Cells on the outer surface or leading to the outer surface
List a field arrangement (not disease) that might give the testicles a significant dose even though they are shielded for the treatment:
What is the term that relates to a radiation therapy side effect that results in lockjaw?
What is the functional unit of the lung?
What is the medical name for "tear duct"?
Name an effective prescription medication for xerostomia:
Keflex and tetracycline are examples of what category of medication?
medications that widen blood vessels and help prevent high blood pressure:
lomotil (aka Loperamide) is an example of what category of medication
a class of medications that inhibit parasympathetic nerve impulses for a wide variety of disorders (gastro-intestinal, genitor-urinary, and Parkinsonism)
What is the most radiosensitive stem cell?
The two most common and effective methods of sterilization for use in a hospital are:
gas and pressurized steam
A "normal" or acceptable percent body fat in a person is:
Micro organisms the cause infections can be classified as:
Fainting is caused by an insufficient blood supply to the brain. A patient experiencing this sensation should be instructed to:
lay supine, feet up
"Malnutrition, a state of wasting away":
an acceptable solution for cleaning up body fluid spills:
5.2% household bleach
When a patient is connected to a chest tube drainage equipment, it is important to _______ when moving the patient.
avoid kinks in the tube
T/F The cancer itself can alter a persons metabolism.
A formula that calculates basal energy expenditure was developed by:
harris and benedict
Which isolation procedure is also called reverse isolation?
Which isolation procedure is the only one that doesn't require a private room for the patient?
Which isolation procedure would a patient with hepatitis be likely to be in?
Treatment should be temporarily put on hold if the WBC goes below what number?
Treatment should be temporarily put on hold if the Plt count goes below what number?
What is a typical pulse rate (per minute)?
What pulse rate represents bradycardia?
Over what artery is the pulse most frequently taken?
The pulse taken behind the knee is called the ________________ pulse.
List a normal rate of respiration (per minute).
The lowest point during relaxation of the ventricles defines ______________
Another name for fainting:
The feeling that you or your environment is moving or spinning:
What is the range for a normal WBC?
A measure of the iron containing pigment that carries oxygen in the blood is:
What is the range for a normal hemoglobin reading for a man?
What is the range for a normal hematocrit reading for a woman?
indicative of kidney disease:
indicative of recurrent colorectal ca?:
indicative of bone mets in prostate patients:
T/F Oxygen therapy is measured in liters per minute.
What is the top of Maslow's hierarchy of human needs?
What is at the bottom of Maslow's hierarchy of human needs?
Low blood pressure occurring in some people when they stand up:
Abnormal creatinine levels are indicative of diseases/disorders of the:
What is the most common example of a hospital acquired infection.
This is the smallest organism known
Yeasts and molds are examples of this type of micro-organism
When bacteria occur in groups, they are called:
Where is the center of gravity on a typical person?
The prevention of contact with micro organisms or the practice that reduces this:
T/F Surgical asepsis is needed for any medical procedure that involves touching the skin surface.
Which is the quickest and most convenient way to sterilize hospital equipment?
steam under pressure and autoclave
Which method of sterilization would be most appropriate for instruments that could not take high temperature?
the most common way that micro-organisms are spread?
A pain shot in the arm (deltoid) is an example of which of the following injection types:
How are butterfly needles typically used?
The COMMON indicator(s) of shock generally include(s): 1. Hypotension; 2. convulsive seizures; 3. paralysis
What type of shock is associated with psychological trauma?
What type of shock is associated with severe infections?
Abnormal BUN levels are indicative of disease/disorder of the:
This term means, "the process of listening to cardiac and respiratory sounds.":
What is the name of the instrument used to examine the ear?
Disease causing organisms originating outside of the body
Cyanosis results from a low oxygen content of the tissue and is often seen in patients with:
The disinfection of equipment during a reverse isolation technique must be made:
before entering the room
One of the most stressful aspects of radiation therapy is the waiting room experience. Which of the following is the best way to help alleviate patient anxiety?
separate waiting room for gowned pts
After an iodine contrast injection, a patient begins to experience edema, itching and sneezing. These may be symptoms of:
A reverse isolation unit is most likely used for patients with:
suppressed immune systems
Candida albicans is an example of: 1. Ectopathogen; 2. Endopathogen; 3. Yeast infection; 4. Bacterial infection
What is the medical term for nosebleed?
The two most important ingredients in a good handwashing are:
water and friction
What is a normal CEA reading?
T/F Legally, the RTT needs to be informed if one of their patients is HIV-positive
A disease or disorder resulting from medical intervention:
A patient position where the patients head is low and the feet are elevated that is often used for patients that are in shock or have fainted is called:
T/F Radiation can be used for sterilization purposes.
This lab test is a helpful indicator of a patient's protein, thus nutritional, level:
The science of measuring the human body is called:
1 kilogram (KG) equals how many pounds?
Malnutrition is characterized by a ____% weight loss.
" (feeding) By way of the intestines" defines what term?
Providing the total caloric needs by I.V. defines what term?
What does the abbreviation PO stand for?
What does the abbreviation qh stand for?
give once per hour
Universal Precautions Applies Only to:
blood and sexual secretions
T/F Casual contact that occurs with HIV infected patients apparently poses no risk for the HCW.
T / F BSI precautions focus on more body fluids then does Universal Precautions.
The primary difference between Universal Precautions and BSI is:
BSI includes airborne transmissions and all types of body fluids
A chemical that tends to shrink or constrict body tissues, usually after topical application:
This is a legal document that appoints a person to have the authority to make critical health decisions in the event that the patient is unable to make those decisions:
health care proxy
The interval between exposure and appearance of symptoms is termed:
This device is a single-use device for delivering tattoo marks:
A single "push" injection wherein the medication is injected all at once:
Reiki, Therapeutic Touch and use of magnets are subtypes of this CAM category:
A patient stops talking in midsentence, kind of blanking out, and then starts again a few seconds later. This patient is probably experiencing:
petite mal seizure
This category of CAM includes homeopathic medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, and Ayurveda (traditional Indian medicine)
whole medical systems
Chiropractic and massage are a part of this type of CAM:
Manipulative and body-based practices
This type of CAM incorporates use of herbs, foods, and vitamins
Meditation, prayer, and music therapy are components of this type of CAM:
Term for an animal in whose body an infectious organisms develops or multiplies before becoming infectious to a new host:
Which of the following is a drug commonly and effectively used in treating AIDS?
TD: partial heart
TD: lens (eye)
TD: partial esophagus
TD: partial small bowel
Explain the basic difference between complementary and alternative medicine practices
Complementary works along with standard
alternative is used instead of standard
Give two reasons (related to patient health status as described in lecture) by cancer patients are advised not to lose weight
respiratory and physical strength
decreased resistance to infection
What do the initials BMR stand for?
basal metabolic rate
What temperature in centigrade/Celsius represents an average oral temperature?
What is an infection acquired in a hospital called?
Define the term cyanosis:
blueish/purple in color
Defined the term fomite:
An object that transmits. Also known as common vehicle
Define/describe the term vector:
an animal that becomes infected with something before attaching to a host
What is the medical term for bedsore?
With respect to lab tests, what do the initials CMP stand for?
comprehensive metabolic panel
What is the full name of the person that developed the five stages of the grieving process
What does the acronym CEA stand for?
carcinogenic embryonic antigen
List the four vital signs
name, IN ORDER FROM TOP TO BOTTOM, the five levels of Maslow's hierarchy
Name the five stages of the grieving process
What are the ABCs of protecting yourself against HIV infection
Blood is a form of ___________ tissue.
The muscle cells composing __________ muscle tissue have only one oval nucleus.
The organelle that is known as the "power plant" of the cell is the:
Within a strand of DNA, the nitrogenous base adenine is attached to the nitrogenous base:
A blood clot that has become detached is known as a/an:
The direct migration of inflammatory cells toward an injured area defines:
The increase in the number of circulating leukocytes associated with the inflammatory reaction is known as:
The cells "circulatory system" is the:
What organelle is regarded as the digestive system of the cell?
What organelle synthesized proteins?
Genes are composed of:
Cells are composed mostly of water. What would be the second most common "ingredient" in cells?
Which of the following indicates pain?
A condition in which a proper inflammatory response does not or cannot occur is called:
An irreversible change resulting in death
Anoxia caused by an inability of the cells to utilize oxygen is referred to as:
Anoxia due to pulmonary disease is referred to as:
Complete blockage of blood to an area is termed:
A hemorrhage involving an accumulated "swelling" of blood, such as in a blood blister, is known as:
Acquiring immunity via the passive natural mode would involve:
Transfer of antibodies through the placenta by the mother
The cell type responsible for recognizing, phagocytosing, and transporting antigenic material to the lymph nodes is the:
What is the first step in the healing process?
Certain infections that occur during times of low resistance are called:
What is the most common cause of inflammation?
Pus is the result of the death of millions of:
A keloid (excessive scar-like skin formation) is often treated with:
Any substance that is capable of triggering an immune response is called a/an:
The two general types of lymphocytes are called:
T cells and B cells
"Pin point" hemorrhages are also known as:
Name a cancer that is closely associated with HBV:
Along with the bone marrow, what organ assumes the function of the spleen if the spleen is removed?
How big is a typical normal lymph node?
1 cm (kidney bean)
These vessels take lymph away from the node.
This is the part of a node that consists of a maze. The first part of this maze is called the corridor.
What is the name of the (palliative) surgical procedure that can be used to treat a cord compression patient?
This is the supporting structure of a node:
The spinal cord is located on the/more towards the ____________ aspect of the vertebra.
T/F A cord compression patient presenting with numbness and coldness is not in any immediate danger and can be treated at the therapists leisure.
A common presentation for SVC is:
1. N/V with diarrhea
2. upper edema
T/F Only about 1% of all cancer patients have evidence of pericardial involvement at autopsy.
This lymphoid tissue has a somewhat obscure function. It may have a role in immunity as well as a role as an endocrine gland in that it secretes hormones that regulate growth and development:
What lymphatic duct drains the largest part of the body and what part(s) of the body does it drain?
What is the largest mass of lymphatic tissue in the body?
Escape of fluid into a part defines what term?
The accumulation of excess fluid into the pericardium defines what term?
What is a standard dose fractionation scheme (in cGy) for treating an SVC patient?
400 x 3, then resume normal dose/fractionation (180/day)
"Numbness or tingling" defines what term:
tumor markers: CEA
tumor markers: AFP
tumor markers Ca 125:
tumor markers: b HCG
tumor markers PSA:
A dilated sac that serves as a reservoir for chyle describes what structure?
List the three traditional RTT oncologic emergencies:
What do the initials SVC stand for?
superior vena cava syndrome
The cisterna chyli is located around
List the five phases of mitosis in correct order
What are the five classic symptoms of the inflammatory response?
rubor - reddening
tumor - swelling
dolar - pain
calor - heat
functio laeso - loss of function
About one out of every ____people will get a cancer in their lifetime.
About one out of every _______ people that get cancer will ultimately die from their disease.
Approximately ______ people will get a cancer in the U.S. each year:
T / F Men have a higher lifetime risk of getting cancer than women.
T / F Minorities (especially blacks) have a higher risk of getting cancer than Caucasians.
T / F Skin cancers are generally not included in most cancer statistics.
Cancer causing genes are called:
T / F When lung cancer statistics are excluded, overall cancer mortality has declined in the last 40 years.
What is the 2nd most common cancer in men?
What is the 2nd most common cancer in women?
Nodes involved beyond the first station would be staged:
About _____ % of all health care (treating disease)costs are related to treating cancer.
What cancer site kills more people than any other?
Firm to hard nodes, palpable and partially moveable would be staged:
According to a graph at the beginning of the study guide section, in recent decades, this cancer has risen dramatically in both incidence and in death rates in both men and women:
An advanced lesion confined to the region rather than the organ is staged:
If a lesion is confined to the organ of origin, it is typically staged:
Smoking accounts for about _______ total deaths each year in the U.S..
Smoking accounts for about _______ CANCER deaths each year:
About __% of all cancer deaths are smoking related.
The stage of behavior change whereby the person has zero temptation to engage in the old behavior is called:
The time between exposure and active disease is termed
A measure of the strength of the relationship between risk factors and a particular disease is termed:
Which category of carcinogens is considered to be the most important?
Early chimney sweeps had a higher risk of what type of epithelioma?
Radium watchdial workers had an increased risk of cancers related to the:
Screening and detection to identify and treat cancer cases while they are still at an early stage describes:
Determining the physical extent of disease defines what term?
A cell that resembles a normal cell is called:
Anaplastic is another term for:
The term anaplastic is more closely associated with:
Exposure to asbestos leads to what specific type of cancer?
T / F RTT is a local/regional treatment modality.
T / F Surgery is a systemic treatment modality.
The disappearance of the signs and symptoms of cancer for at least one month is called:
A good "yardstick" for treatment success is _________ survival.
The most common category of cancer, according to tissue of origin, is:
Cancers arising from connective tissues are termed:
Cancers arising from epithelial tissues are termed:
What is the term for the surgical local removal of the breast tumor?
T / F There are some medications, such as estrogen, that are possible carcinogens.
About what percent of cancers are dietary related?
Which group of people has the lowest cancer incidence rate?
T / F Cancer is the 3rd leading cause of death in the U.S.
About one in every ______ total deaths in the U.S. is from cancer.
According to the new cancer facts/figures document, at what age should women get a mammogram every year?
According to the recommended reading in the cancer facts/figures document, at what age should a person begin a colorectal cancer screening regimen (FOBT or sigmoidoscopy, etc.)?
About ____% of cancer deaths are directly related to alcohol consumption:
Grilling and broiling meats can produce cancer-causing compounds such as:
PAHs and HCAs
According to the recommended reading in the cancer facts/figures document, at what age should men begin receiving a yearly DRE/PSA testing for prostate cancer screening?
T / F carcinogenic potential substances are often present in our air and drinking water.
It is estimated that environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), aka 2nd hand smoke, results in about _____ deaths per year in the U.S.:
The stage of behavior change whereby the person attempts to permanently establish a new behavior (such as not smoking) is called:
T / F Smokeless tobacco is a safe substitute for smoking.
If a cancer has spread to various lymph node groups, it is most likely referred to as:
What is the oldest treatment modality for cancer?
What is the most commonly used treatment modality for cancer?
A biopsy sample wherein a small sample is cut from a larger tumor mass is called:
The radical mastectomy was developed by:
Sarcomas arise from _____ cells.
A wart is an example of a/an:
A "port wine stain" birth mark is a/an:
A "tumor" of the skin more commonly known as a mole is called a/an
Carcinomas tend to spread via the:
Sarcomas tend to spread via the:
Pharmacologically, nicotine closely mimics the processes of:
cocaine and heroine
T / F Americans eating habits, fortunately, are getting better, especially with the wide variety of food products available in modern "superstores".
Sarcomas most commonly mets to what organ:
An abnormal increase in the number of cells in a tissue that is not cancerous but may be pre-cancerous is called:
abnormal changes in cell size, shape and organization that is not cancer but may be precancerous is called:
In this stage of the three stage theory of cancer causation, a carcinogen damages the DNA by changing a specific gene:
Tissue destruction by freezing is called:
The most important cancer as a result of exposure to (medical) radiation is:
What does the staging "Tis" stand for?
cancerous but not invasive
Genes that are responsible for controlling cellular proliferation. They can be transformed into on oncogenes when activated by the presence of certain viruses or chemical agents:
Genes that discourage cell growth or temporarily halt cell division:
This doesn't itself cause DNA damage that causes alterations that predispose someone to cancer:
Cancers that show up in people who share a common environment and or genetic abnormality that is passed down through generations:
The use of imaging and histologic studies for staging:
The following would best present what stage group: T2N2M0
The following would best present what stage group: T3N2M1
When modalities are used together one after another (not at the same time):
When there is a 50% or more reduction in the sum of the products of the lesion(s) lasting at least one month with no new lesions developing:
Tissues that develop into external structures such as the skin:
The following is true regarding excisional biopsy:
Generally appropriate for cure in relatively small tumors AND Provides a definitive diagnosis
Hippocrates is credited with:
Identifying the disease we know as cancer
Which of the following treatment modalities, if used alone, would best treat a patient with metastatic disease?
Oncogenes are also known as tumor-suppressor genes.
A surgical procedure in which an incision is made through the abdominal wall to examine lymph modes and establish the extent of disease is called a/n:
Cancer management modalities such as radiation and chemotherapy work by interfering with or modifying DNA synthesis. This synthesis occurs in the _____phase of cell division.
A cancerous tumor composed of glandular tissue would be called a/n:
A tumor marker for the detection of germ cell tumors is:
The youngest modality used in the treatment of cancer is:
T / F "Gleasons" is a commonly used staging system.
Define the term prognosis:
the probable outcome of disease
Define the term etiology:
the cause of the study of a disease
Define the term epidemiology:
the study of a demographics of a disease
Besides nicotine, name two of the many toxic substances found in cigarettes:
What do the initials NED stand for?
no evidence of disease
Furniture manufacturing is a high risk job for developing cancer of the:
Working in rubber manufacturing (and analine dye) has been associated with what type of cancer?
What does each letter in the acronym CAUTION stand for
C- change in bowel or bladder habits
A- a sore that does not heal
U- unusual bleeding or discharge
T- thickening or lump
O- obvious change in warts or malls
N- nagging cough
This classification of chemotherapeutic agents works by damaging already existing DNA (much in the same way radiation damages cells):
Probably the two most commonly used drugs to prevent N/V are:
The patients with this type of disease would have the most aggressive chemotherapy treatment:
The patients with this type of disease would have the shortest term chemotherapy treatments:
Cytosine arabinoside is also known as:
T / F Chemotherapy drugs are usually given in combination with other chemo drugs.
This chemo drug is often used for treating brain tumors:
Methotrexate is an example of what class of chemo drugs?
This chemotherapy drug works as an effective radiation sensitizer (radiation synergy):
This chemotherapy drug also works as an effective radiation sensitizer
Which chemotherapeutic agent is associated with the highest pulmonary toxicity:
T / F Antimetabolites are NOT cell cycle specific.
True/false: anti-metabolites are NOT cell cycle specific
This drug is made from the periwinkle plant:
This drug is made from the periwinkle plant as well:
An alkylating agent that may cause hemorrhagic cystitis is:
Which of the following drugs are known to cause pulmonary fibrosis?1. Melphalan2. Busulfan3. Chlorambucil4. BCNU
The toxicities of these drugs include bone marrow suppression and mucositis:
What drug is associated with the highest cardiac toxicity?
What drug is associated with the highest nephrotoxicity?
What is another name for Oncovin?
This classification of chemotherapeutic agents works in the "S" phase by inhibiting dihydrofolate reductase, thus inhibiting the formation of new DNA
This chemotherapy drug is lipid soluble, making it easier to cross the blood brain barrier:
This is the only drug active against metastatic colon ca, it is also useful for many other GI tract/abdominal cancers:
The escape of fluids into the surrounding tissues, often seen when IV needles infiltrate, is termed:
This drug is widely used for testicular ca as well as lung and ovarian ca. It also requires hydration for the patient, maybe even the use of a diuretic:
A patient taking this plant alkaloid drug might experience tingling or numbness in his/her extremities as the primary toxicity:
This vesicant is one of the most, if not the most, widely used drugs of all:
This oral chemotherapy drug is given long term to breast ca patients and can result in hot flashes:
MESNA, which decreases acrolein production, is given to patients being treated with this chemo agent:
Gonadal atrophy, carcinogenesis and teratogenesis are possible side effects of this classification of chemotherapy drugs:
A bone scan is performed with what radionuclide?
This chemotherapy drug is similar to uracil in structure:
Chemotherapy doses are usually measured out in terms of (note: the "2" referes to "squared":
This drug is made from the bark of the Pacific Yew tree and is used to treat recurrent ovarian and assorted other diseases:
T / F All chemo drugs are cell cycle non-specific.
This category of drugs often kills cells by impacting the mitotic spindle:
This chemotherapeutic agent is made from the Mandrake root:
In addition to being related to progesterone, this hormone stimulates appetite, and is thus used for numerous conditions where weight gain is important:
Immunotherapy drugs tend to have this as their major toxicity:
Cervical ca will tend to mets to what organ?
Testicular ca tends to mets to what organ?
What is the only organ that bladder ca will generally NOT mets to?
Colon ca will tend to mets to what organ?
H&N patients will tend to mets to what organ?
Breast cancer will easily mets to all of the major mets sites except:
What fraction of all cancer patients develop a metastases?
T / F All cancer patients with a metastases die from their disease.
T / F Mets can arise, theoretically, anywhere in the body.
T / F Bone scans are more sensitive and accurate than skeletal surveys.
T / F RTT can stabilize and heal bony areas of metastases where a fracture is likely to occur.
RTT is most effective in treating which areas of metastases? 1. Lung; 2. Liver; 3. Bone; 4. brain
What is the only cancer that mets ONLY to the bones (according to our list)?
What organ is the most common site of mets?
What is the only ca that can mets to all 4 common areas, as per our list?
About what percent of white cells are neutrophils?
classification/category of drugs: nitrogen mustard
classification/category of drugs: taxol
classification/category of drugs: oncovin
classification/category of drugs: cytoxan
classification/category of drugs: 5-FU
classification/category of drugs: actinomycin-D
What do the initials ANC stand for?
absolute neutrophil count
The "bottoming out" of a patients blood counts as a result of chemotherapy (usually about 2 weeks after the treatment) is called:
List the four drugs that were used in the MOPP chemotherapy regimen:
What combination of chemotherapy drugs is described in the lecture as being used in place of MOPP chemotherapy (initials are okay)?
Skin cancer afflicts an estimated ____________ people every year in the U.S.
Even though this is expected to change in the coming decades, right now skin cancer is more prevalent among:
Sporadic aniridia is a risk factor associated with what pediatric cancer?
The term meaning "severe itching":
Most pancreatic ca's occur in the _________ segment.
Peak incidence for skin cancer occurs in what decade of life?
Measuring the width of a skin cancer across the skin surface is an example of staging which of the following?
Which of the following treatment modalities is most commonly used for treating skin cancer?
Which of the following doses (in Gy) would be most appropriate for treating squamous cell skin ca?
Which of the following doses (in Gy) would be most appropriate for treating basal cell skin ca?
A chemosurgery technique for skin cancer whereby the skin is shaved off a layer at a time with a topical chemotherapy agent being applied onto each layer is named after:
At what spinal level is the pancreas locate?
RTT treatments for Wilms tumor should start on day:
The 5-year survival rate for basal cell skin cancer is about:
A procedure in which the whole lesion is removed during biopsy is called:
A dose range that best represents the dose range for RTT for Wilms tumor patients:
RTT for Wilm's tumors is currently indicated for what stage?
Psychiatric disturbances are occasionally observed in patients with what type of ca?
T / F UV radiation is an etiologic factor for melanoma.
Where is the island of Langerhans located?
Up to ____% of the liver can be removed and yet it will still function normally
T / F Melanomas are generally considered radioresistant.
The overall survival for malignant melanoma is about:
What is the name of the chemotherapy agent most often used for ca of the pancreas?
T / F Most liver tumors are benign.
T / F Ca of the major digestive glands tends to be a disease of the Elderly.
Age is the MOST important factor in the prognosis of this childhood disease:
This is the most radiosensitive bone/soft tissue tumor:
This cancer is often associated with fetal alcohol syndrome and most commonly presents in the head and neck region:
This cancers symptomology often includes the "cats eye reflex":
This cancer is also known as nephroblastoma:
This cancer originates from neural crest cells that normally develop into the adrenal medulla:
Wilms tumors most commonly mets to what organ?
When caring for preschool aged children, it is important to:
Keep communications simple and honest
When caring for adolescent, it is important to:
Acknowledge that modesty and privacy are important
What is the main concern (side effect) when irradiating around the eye?
This tumor of the eye has the highest rate (about 90%) of spontaneous regression:
This is the most common intraocular malignancy:
T / F The most common symptom for a Wilms tumor is a palpable and sometimes painful abdominal mass.
What is the most common endocrine tumor (cell type) of the pancreas?
This tumor of the eye commonly spreads along the optic nerve making RTT a possible treatment choice after the eye has been removed and their is tumor present along the cut end of the optic nerve:
This is the most common orbital tumor :
A non-osseous tumor that usually arises from soft tissue (periosteum) near the bone is called:
This disease is sometimes not even classified as a true malignancy since 30-40% of all patients survive with no treatment at all:
What is the most common benign tumor of the liver?
Cancer is the number ____ cause of death in children.
The most common of all pediatric cancers is:
T / F Most pediatric tumors have some sort of hereditary etiology and originate in nerve/connective tissue vs. epithelial tissue, as is the case for adults.
A "success story" for the multi-modal treatment approach is:
What is the most common presenting symptom for pancreatic ca?
fast weight loss
What is the name of the artery or vein that transports blood from the intestines to the liver?
What is the name of the artery or vein that transports blood from the heart directly to the liver?
An abdominal mass with associated hypertension would be most indicitive of this cancer:
The gallbladder is normally found by its attachment to the ventral surface of the:
right lobe of the liver
The head of the pancreas will normally be located within the:
sweep of the duodenum
Local administration of chemotherapy using proximal venous access
Hepatocellular carcinoma is increasing in incidence in the United States due to the rising cases of:
Clark method of cliassifying melanoma is based on:
depth of invasion
Melanocytes are found in the ______layer of the skin.
Cells most sensitive to radiation are located in which layer of the epidermis?
When treating the tumor bed for Wilms tumor, care should be taken to include the entire width of the spine to prevent:
Wilms' tumors originate from what cell type?
Congenital loss of the iris:
What type of cancer is also known as a "rodent" cancer?
"Any dysfunction of the brain":
Which skin cancer cell type usually presents as a scaly, crusty growth?
Which skin cancer cell type usually presents as a raised, red-gray, pearly lesion?
The innermost layer of the eye where the image is formed:
What is the most common cell type for skin cancer?
Self skin examinations should be done how frequently?
What is the term for "anything hollow, honeycombed":
What term describes the mucous membrane that lines the inside of the eyelids?
What term describes "protrusion of the eyeball"?
This term describes the downward displacement of the eyeball:
This term describes "double vision":
This is a (relatively) common benign tumor that is an abnormal thickening of the mucous membrane that lines the inside of the eyes:
What is the name of the definitive surgical procedure used for treating cancer of the pancreas?
This is a rare neoplastic disease of the skin creating fungus like patches at, usually, several different areas of the skin, and is similar to a cutaneous lymphoma:
What are the ABCD's of melanoma detection?
This type of cancer has, among other things, aflatoxin (from moldy peanuts or poor grain storage) as an etiologic factor:
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