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Unit 7 - Footing and Foundations
Terms in this set (30)
Chemicals added to concrete to change the characteristics of the mix
Materials such as sand, rock, and gravel used to make concrete
Bolts embedded in concrete used to hold structural members in place
The replacement of soil around foundations after excavating
A temporary framework used to assist in locating corners when laying out a foundation
Binding material that, when combined with water and aggregated, forms concrete
Small metal fixture used to hold reinforcing bars away from the ground prior to the casting of concrete
The last block to be placed in any course.
Large porous blocks made of concrete with air pockets that make the material light enough to handle.
The highest elevation on the perimeter of the excavation.
Used when brick or stone veneer is used for an exterior wall finish.
Use to check the height of each course.
Smoothing the surface of wet concrete using a flat tool (float)
Ground Supported Slab
The earth under the floor must be firm and completely free of sod, roots and debris.
Heat- producing chemical reaction occurring between cement and water to form concrete
Horizontal components of batter boards that support the lines set up to locate building lines and corners
A horizontal structural member which supports the load over an opening such as a door or window
Reference line (cord) used to keep masonry units aligned as they are laid up.
These are all joined together like one piece of stone
A combination of cement, sand, lime, and water used to bind masonry blocks
May be attached to the form and cast into concrete.
To add strength to walls, but also be decorative
Carry light loads and do not require reinforcement.
Have steel rebar embedded in them for added strength against cracking.
The process of leveling off concrete slabs
Sometimes called "footing foundations" or "spread footing" and is a frequent type of foundation utilized in low rise buildings.
A footing that changes grade levels at intervals to accommodate a sloping site
Structurally Supported Slab
A slab that can be used with other elements such as walls, piers and footings.
Produces a denser smoother surface using a metal trowel.
Wood or metal strips that prevents bending of walls during the pouring of concrete
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