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Social Studies Chapter 28 America in the 1950s

Chapter 28 Study Guide
STUDY
PLAY
Dwight D. Eisenhower's 1952 running mate was
Richard M. Nixon.
World's first artificial satellite was named
Sputnik.
The 1950s soaring birthrate was known as the
baby boom.
Levittown was a
suburban development.
The greatest domestic program of the Eisenhower presidency involved
interstate highways.
Soviet leader in the 1950's -
Nikita Khrushchev.
Vietnam's Communist leader during this time period-
Ho Chi Minh.
In 1954 the Central Intelligence Agency helped overthrow the government in
Guatemala.
Richard Nixon gave the ______ speech.
"Checkers"
From 1945 to 1960, the total value of goods and services produced each year in the United States increased about
250 percent.
According to social critics, what was the cost of the sameness of suburban and corporate life?
Loss of individuality.
This important foreign policy adviser to Eisenhower proposed the policy of massive retaliation.
John Foster Dulles
Different attitudes toward music helped form the
generation gap.
What happened to "refreeze" the thaw in the Cold War?
The U-2 incident.
Between 1945 and 1960, per capita income increased
46 percent
Fighting broke out in the Middle East when Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized
the Suez Canal.
What percentage of Americans lived in poverty?
20 percent
Why did students in the 1950s "lie on the floor and stick their heads under the lockers," and how was the arms race involved?
Air-raids drills were held during school, students had practice safety drills. They had to put their heads under their lockers. The arms races was between the US and the Soviet Union, both were trying to develop nuclear weapons capable of destroying each other.
What impact did the baby boom have on American society of the 1950s?
Women left the workforce to stay home with their children. The economy grew and the demand for baby products and services grew. School enrollment grew as "baby boomers" reached school age. The education system was strained. Society put more focus on family and their needs.
The Author "The Feminine Mystique", this writer believed that many housewives were dissatisfied with their lives.
Betty Friedan
Although he approved military aid to help France fight in Indochina, Eisenhower ________ to send troops to help relieve French forces at Dien Bien Phu in 1954.
firmly refused
Dwight D. Eisenhower's 1952 opponent
Adlai E. Stevenson
Capital of Hungary
Budapest
Author of "On the Road"
Jack Kerouac
Eisenhower's domestic policy- was referred to as-
moderate
When "the heads of government" meet, it is called a
summit.
In preparation for a nuclear attack, many families built
air-raid shelters.
In 1961 when Eisenhower left office, the government had a surplus of
$300 million.
A belief is this led the United States to help create the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization.
domino theory
What alliance did Dwight D. Eisenhower fear would heat up the arms race?
Soviet-Chinese alliance
The economic boom of the 1950s raised the
standard of living.
In the 1950s, 75 percent of new home construction took place in the
suburbs.
Oveta Culp Hobby
HEW secretary
Fulgencio Batista
overthrown by Fidel Castro
William H. Whyte, Jr.
1950's social critic
Allen Ginsberg
beat poet
Dwight D. Eisenhower feared this alliance heated the arms race and could "endanger our liberties or democratic processes."
military-industrial complex