Terms in this set (50)
How did Egyptian and Nubian empires forge a commercial cultural and political connections?
The Egyptian and Nubian empires forge a commercial cultural and political connections by trading benefits.
African state that developed along the upper reaches of the Nile ca. 1000 B.C.E.; conquered Egypt and ruled it for several centuries.
A group of nomadic invaders from southwest asia who ruled egypt from 1640 to 1570 B.C.
(1550 BCE - 1100 BCE) Period in ancient Egyptian history characterized by strong pharaohs who conquered an empire that stretched from Nubia in the south, to the Euphrates River in Mesopotamia.
1480 BC Queen Hatshepsut came to power during the New Kingdom, forst ruling with her husband and then on behalf of her stepson, Thutmose III. Had herself crowned pharaoh. Wore false beard, usually worn by kings. BUilt great fueral temple in Valley of the Kings.
A pharaoh during the Middle Kingdom that was one of the greatest conquerers and many new lands were brought under control under his reign
A civilization to the south of Egypt in the Nile Valley, noted for development of an alphabetic writing system and a major iron working industry by 500 BCE
A long-lived ruler of New Kingdom Egypt (r. 1290-1224 BCE). He reached an accomodation with the Hittites of Anatolia after a standoff in battle at Kadesh in Syria. He built on a grand scale throughout Egypt.
Kushite king who forced the Libyans out of Egypt
Capital in a kingdom in S Nubia from 4th century B.C.E. - 4th century C.E..
How did Egypt fall to the Hyksos?
The Egyptians fell to the Hyksos because they had a chariot. Egyptians had never seen this war machine before.
What was the relationship between
Nubia and Egypt during the New
The relationship between Nubia and Egypt was very balanced because they both get resources. They relied on each other for trading benefits.
Who invaded Egypt?
Egypt was invaded sea people.People from Libya began to invade Egypt as well.
How did the Kushites view Egyptian
The Kushites viewed Egyptian culture as though they had to protect Egypt.
Why was Meroë important?
Meroe was important because they played the role of trade. Their kingdom entered a golden age.
How did the Assyria develop a strong military?
Powerful empire in northern Mesopotamia
Assyrian king and empire builder
Assyria's capital on the Tigris River
Assyrian king who gathered writing tablets from many lands
People who helped to destroy the Assyrian empire
People who helped to destroy the Assyrian empire
Chaldean king who rebuilt Babylon
What made the Assyrians such a strong fighting force?
Assyrians were such a strong fighting force because they used many methods for fighting. They had built an empire that stretched from east and north of the Tigris River all the way to central Egypt.
carried strong iron-tipped spears and iron
-They used large numbers of men
-They dug tunnels under city
walls to weaken them.
- They used heavy
battering rams to knock down the wooden
gates of the city.
Besides conquering other people, what did the Assyrians accomplish?
The Assyrians accomplished architectural buildings.
Who were the Chaldean's?
a group people from the Arabian Penisyla that didn't like the laws that the Assyrians.
How did the Persians establish an empire that lasted 200 years?
The Persians establish an empire that lasted 200 years by owning the strong leadership, sharing power, building roads for communication and trading systems, and they were Religiously tolerant.
Persian king who created a huge empire.
Persian king who put satraps in place and built the Royal Road.
Governor who ruled locally.
Road that helped unify the Persian Empire.
Persian prophet and religious reformer.
What made Cyrus a great leader?
Cyrus was a great leader because his army did not harm the people he conquered. He allowed the people to practice their old religions(Religiously Tolerant) .Cyrus let the Israelite's return to Jerusalem and rebuild their temple there. He was an excellent general. He was a great warrior. He created one of the largest empires in the world(Persian Empire).
How did Darius change Persia?
Darius changed Persia by building the Royal Road to unite
his large empire. This road system ran 1,677 miles.Royal messengers on horses could travel this distance in about seven days.Transportation became easier too. Darius also had metal coins made that could be used for business anywhere in the empire.The coins had a standard value.This money system, along with the Royal Road, helped increase Trade.
What mark did the Persians leave on history?
The mark that the Persians included telling people that their were two spirits, one represented good and one represented evil. He told the people they needed to participate in the struggle of good and bad. They would be judged on how well they fought. These ideas influenced later religions.
Describe the great wall of china?
1400 feet long - every couple 100 yards there are watch towers on it.
China's most influential scholar.
Children's respect for their parents and elders.
Organization of government into agencies and departments.
Philosophy of Laozi that puts people in touch with the m forces of nature.
Chinese idea that a highly efficient and powerful government is the key to social order.
Chinese book that gave advice on practical and everyday problems.
yin and yang
Powers that govern the natural rhythms of life and must be balanced .
Dynasty that unified China.
First emperor of China; leader of the Qin Dynasty.
Government in which the ruler has unlimited power.
How did Confucius try to restore ancient Chinese values?
Confucius tried to restore ancient Chinese values by making the government better. He helped create the basis of a bureaucracy. This is a system of departments and agencies for running the government. He also worked on the importance of family relationships, he thought, were the most important.
Confucius stressed that children should practice filial piety. This is respect for parents and elders.
What was the basic purpose of all these ethical systems?
The basic purpose of all ethical systems was to inhance government with the use the law to restore order in China.
Name two changes that Shi Huangdi made.
Two changes that Shi Huangdi made included:
- Introducing Bureaucracy.
- He doubled the size of china.
- He had peasants build the great wall of china.
- Burned books
- Isolated China, No Cultural Diffusion
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