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Terms in this set (48)
Release of digestive juices; release of endocrine hormones that regulate digestion or metabolism of nutrients
The stomach produces that increases appetite
The stomach has 3 major divisions, fundus,body & pylorus
The upper esophageal sphincter is called the cardiac sphincter because it is just posterior to the heart.
Mumps is an acute viral disease characterized by swelling of the parotid salivary glands.
There are normally 20 deciduous teeth, also known as baby teeth.
The esophagus is prevented from collapsing by rings of cartilage.
The term intramural plexus includes both the Meissner and the Auerbach plexus.
Teeth are considered the organs of mastication.
A hiatal hernia is caused by a weakening of the wall of the large intestine.
The pulp cavity of the tooth consists of connective tissue, blood and lymphatic vessels, and nerves.
Another name for the lower esophageal sphincter is the pyloric sphincter.
The intrinsic muscles of the tongue, by definition, have their origin and insertion in the tongue.
Hemorrhoids are enlargements of the smaller arteries in the anal canal.
Lymph vessels in the villi of the small intestine are called plicae.
The mesentery and the transverse mesocolon are both projections of the peritoneum.
Jaundice occurs when the pancreatic duct is blocked and the contents of the pancreas enter the blood.
Most enzymes are able to work on more than one substance.
The stimulation of gastric juice secretions occurs in five phases controlled by reflex and chemical mechanisms.
The sodium cotransport, which carries both sodium ions and glucose molecules, is an active transport mechanism.
Segmentation is described as a wavelike muscle contraction in a hollow organ that moves food through the digestive system.
The specificity of enzyme function can be explained by the "key-in-a-lock" mode of action.
Intestinal amylase is attached to the brush borders of the villi and function in a process called contact digestion.
Paracellular absorption requires the expenditure of cellular energy.
Layer of the GI tract that contains Meissner plexus
Largest of the salivary glands; produces enzymes but not mucus
Parotid salivary gland
Layer of the GI tract that wraps around the submucosa and contains the myenteric plexus
Hard inorganic substance that covers the crown of the tooth
Mixed salivary gland that is drained by Wharton ducts
Submandibular salivary gland
Outermost GI tract layer that is actually the visceral peritoneum
Smallest of the salivary glands
Sublingual salivary gland
Innermost layer of the GI tract; contains the lamina propria
Substance that makes up the greatest portion of the tooth shell
Structure whose intrinsic and extrinsic muscles help with mastication and deglutition
Part of the small intestine through which food passes first
Duct that drains bile from the gallbladder
Part of the large intestine that lies in a vertical position on the right side of the abdomen and ends at the hepatic flexure
Duct that carries bile from both the liver and gallbladder to the small intestine
Common bile duct
Division of the small intestine through which food passes second
Organ that produces bile and helps detoxify the blood
Organ that produces digestive enzymes, insulin, and glucagon
Part of the large intestine that lies in a vertical position on the left side of the abdomen and begins at the splenic flexure
Structure that stores and concentrates bile
Last division of the small intestine; connects to the cecum
Excretion of the residues of the digestive process (feces) from the rectum, through the anus; defecation
Movement of digested nutrients through the GI mucosa and into the internal environment
A group of processes that breaks complex nutrients into simpler ones, thus facilitating their absorption (includes both mechanical and chemical processes)
Process of taking food into the mouth, starting it on its journey through the digestive tract
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