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Linguistics Exam 2
the smallest unit of language that carries information about meaning or function
the study of the system of categories and rules involved in word formation and interpretation.
speaker's mental dictionary containing information about the syntactic properties meaning and phonological representation of a languages words.
morpheme without phonological shape. Able to change part of speech w/out affix
alternative form of a morpheme
ways that specific morphemes change--not applying to all sounds
the contrastive segmental unit with predictable phonetic variant
any sound in human language
variants of a phone
when sounds occur in the same position and envirtonment in a string of sounds
a pair of words with distinct meanings that differ by only one segment found in the same position in each form
the free alternation of and/or phonemes in a given environment
the distribution of allophones in their respective phonetic environments such as that one never appears in the same phonetic context as the other
a class of sounds sharing features or phonetic properties
large groups of natural classes (ie. vowels)
feature that distinguishes one phoneme from another.
position and effect of stressed syllables: insertion and deletion
words formed by the combination of bound affixes and free morphemes
words formed by the combination of two or more independent words
words formed by doubling on entire word or part of the word (hocus-pocus)
irregular forms by the vowel change; vowel alternation that makes a grammatical contrast (sing/sang)
irregular forms by substitutions (are/was go/went)
compounds that are less than coumpound; created from already existing forms (smoke fog = smog)
removal of redundant part (china)
subtracting an affix (peddle)
changes based on people's conception of certain words or how the word works
attribution of some form to a particular social group and stats
comes from someone's name
make another language's words your own
content word becomes a funcional word and perhaps a bound suffix (will>residue> i'll)