Unit 10 - Endocrine System

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Endocrine gland
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Terms in this set (24)
adrenal glandsa pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys and secrete hormones (epinephrine and norepinephrine) that help arouse the body in times of stress.down regulationtarget cells lose receptors in response to the hormoneG proteina protein that binds the energy-rich molecule GTPHypothalamusA neural structure lying below the thalamus; it directs several maintenance activities (eating, drinking, body temperature), helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion and reward.OvariesGlands that produce the egg cells and hormonesPancreasRegulates the level of sugar in the bloodparathyroid glandssmall pea-like organs that regulate calcium and phosphate balance in blood, bones, and other tissuespineal glandproduces melatoninpituitary glandThe endocrine system's most influential gland. Under the influence of the hypothalamus, the pituitary regulates growth and controls other endocrine glands.Receptorprotein that detects a signal molecule and performs an action in responseTestesproduce spermthymus glandlocated in the mediastinal cavity anterior to and above the heart; secretes thymosinthyroid glandproduces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat, and bone growthup-regulationtarget cells form more receptors in response to the hormone