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Unit 11 - Blood, Lymphatic System, and Immunity
This is a Loooooooong one
Terms in this set (43)
antigen specific; produces immunological memory through the production of antibodies
immunity produced by exposure to an antigen, as a result of the immune response
transport protein located in the plasma
a substance produced by the body that destroys or inactivates an antigen that has entered the body
A protein that, when introduced in the blood, triggers the production of an antibody
transport lipids and fat soluble vitamins
type of immunity produced by T cells that attack infected or abnormal body cells
red blood cells
A blood protein essential to blood clotting. The conversion of fibrinogen to its active form (fibrin) is among the final steps in clot formation, and is triggered by thrombin.
serum fraction containing antibodies
B cells produce antibodies after exposure to specific antigens; type of adaptive immunity
protection against disease or foreign substances
a localized physical condition in which part of the body becomes reddened, swollen, hot, and often painful, especially as a reaction to injury or infection.
Immunity that is present before exposure and effective from birth. Responds to a broad range of pathogens.
white blood cells
Bean-shaped filters that cluster along the lymphatic vessels of the body. They function as a cleanser of lymph as wells as a site of T and B cell activation
mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue
An individual does not produce his or her own antibodies, but rather receives them directly from another source, such as mother to infant through breast milk
Fluid portion of blood
primary immune response
the initial immune response to an antigen, which appears after a lag of several days
secondary immune response
The adaptive immune response provoked by a second exposure to an antigen. It differs from the primary response by starting sooner and building more quickly.
An organ that is part of the lymphatic system; it produces lymphocytes, filters the blood, stores blood cells, and destroys old blood cells.
another name for platelets
Gland in the thoracic cavity above the heart where T lymphocytes mature.
excessive acidity of body fluids
The buildup of excess base (lack of acids) in the body fluids.
A circulating leukocyte that produces histamine.
a white blood cell containing granules that are readily stained by eosin.
excessive sugar in the blood
abnormally low level of sugar in the blood
fluid in the spaces between cells
Blood condition of white cells; malignant (cancerous) condition.
A type of white blood cell that make antibodies to fight off infections
An agranular leukocyte that is able to migrate into tissues and transform into a macrophage.
any disease of the kidney
disease of the nerves
A type of white blood cell that engulfs microbes by phagocytosis
a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause disease.
A type of endocytosis in which a cell engulfs large particles or whole cells
any disease of the retina
A substance that is dissolved in a solution.
In a solution, the substance in which the solute dissolves.
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