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cis 622 quiz 1
Terms in this set (47)
According to the standard textbook definitions, Information Technology includes a combination of which three components to manage, communicate, and share information.
A step-by-step process for developing information systems
The combination of technology, people, and data to support business function is an
A system that is vital to a company's operations such as an order processing system.
An operating system is which of the following
a business system such as payroll, order processing, communications
an existing system running business applications usually from a previous computing architecture configuration, not compatible with newer technology, or no longer supported by a vendor.
Electronic data interchange
originating in the 70s and a precursor to electronic health records per HIPAA and e-commerce business models including B2B and B2C
A specific set of transactions, events, and results that can be described and documented
A____ is an overview that describes a company's overall functions, processes, organizations, products, services, customers, suppliers, competitors, constraints, and future direction.
Critical success factors (CSF's)
"Top company initiative: increase web-based orders by 30% next year" Monthly milestones and quarterly objectives to achieve this goal are considered:
Moving from the traditional role as "gatekeeper", IT departments today tend to be:
The following questions should be addressed in what document? what is this project about? How does this solution address key business issues? How much will it cost and how long will it take?
encryption -> Stronger Controls Cost of maintenance too High -> reduced cost
Analyze current market trends -> more information
Slow response to data inquiries-> better performance
Store customer preferences-> more support
Accommodating new technology-> more support
Match the following project objectives with each of the 6 main reasons for initiating IT- projects in organizations
Adding biometric login or two-factor authentication are examples which reason for an IT project.
Your legacy PeopleSoft HR app is no longer supported-> vendor
Updates to HIPAA and SAX 404-> government/regulation
Dow Jones industrial average drops with concerns of pandemic virus-> economy
Facebook launches a similar service to yours-> competitors
Implement CRM for a single record customer interaction via multiple channels-> customers
Proctor & Gamble push down their platform for Vendor Managed Inventor (VMI)-> Suppliers
Match the examples of scenarios with their associated external project factors.
An IT projected impact includes a reduction in the workforce. This more is included in which of the following
Creating a new interface for the distributed workforce best described as an"
"Cost of doing business"
Which best describes a non-discretionary project?
The boundaries of a project are defined by the:
organizational chart-> Understanding department structure and roles
Interviews-> gathering rich, qualitative data with follow up questions
Documentation-> understanding the official procedures
Observe operations-> understanding how work is actually done
User Survey-> Assembling a large set of quantitive data
understand the problem/opportunity
An Ishikawa diagram (aka. Fishbone) is applied at which step of preliminary Investigation
Step #1 Understand the problem/opportunity
#2 define the project and constraints
#4 analyze project usability, cost, benefit, and schedule data
#5 evaluate feasibility
#6 present results & recommendation to management
put the steps of preliminary investigation in order
Analyzing the business case including SWOT Analysis, analyzing internal and external project factors, conducting feasibility studies, fact-finding, and presenting a call-to-action to management are steps in which SDLC phase?
Cost management/time management/scope management
The "Triple-constraint" of project management refers to the trade-offs between the PROJECT MANAGEMENT areas:
( if quadruple- constraint, then adds in quality management)
Gantt chart-> Schedule
Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)-> Task
PERT Network Diagram-> critical path
Match of the following PM tools with activities
" A project manager is someone who thinks 9 women can have a baby in one month." This statement best represents:
A project represented by tasks in a network diagram with activities shown as vectors and events as nodes is using:
Probability and Impact of an Event-> Rick Management
Evaluating Contracts-> Procurement Management
Distributing Important Information-> Communication Management
Acquiring the Project Team-> Human Resource Management
Creating a Work Breakdown Structure-> Scope Management
Determining a Budget-> Cost Management
Developing a Gantt chart->Schedule Management
Enforcing a Change Control Process-> Integration Management
An Expectations Management Matrix-> Stakeholder Management
Six Sigma Techniques-> Quality Management
Match the following characteristics with the best fit of the ten Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) areas
PM has a discrete ending
A distinction between PM and SDLC is:
PM stages in order
(Spans all process groups)-> monitoring & controlling
Requirements/ data and process/ object modeling
SDLC Analysis phase includes which 3 modeling subphrases:
JAD-> Expensive but gets key users to participate
RAD-> Relies on user involve and prototyping
Pick the best match for the following APP'n Dev methodologies
Sequence-> A modeling diagram that depicts the timing of interactions between objects as they occur
UML-> a software design modeling technique that is independent of of specific program languages and uses 'actors' and 'use cases"
BPMN-> which modeling tool uses "swim lanes" to represent organizational roles such as manager and customer and "pools" that set
FDD-> A top-down representation of a function or process
Match the following modeling technique with the best fitting description
A formal and structured way of viewing and defining an enterprise
The Zachman framework that is derived from how architecture and construction industries handle complex projects is:
two-> model user requirements
three-> develop a logical model
four-> develop a physical model
Put the following SDLC analysis phase steps in order:
independent of technology architecture
Which best describes a DFD?
Spontaneous generation-> Process output(s) with no Imput(s)
Black hole-> process input(s) with no output(s)
gray hole-> incongruous input(s) and output(s)
Match the following common DFD error terms with their description
Which is not a DFD symbol/element?
Process to process-> permitted
Process to external entity-> permitted
Process to data store-> permitted
Entity to Entity-> not permitted
Entity to data store-> not permitted
Data store to data store-> not permitted
context diagram & functional primitive
Which pair represents a DFD highest (general) & Lowest (detailed) level, respectively
A logical structure in a horizontal form that are useful ways to present the system to management
logical & physical of current, logical & physical of new system
Which best describes the four-model approach?
alternative to data & process models
Which best describes the role of Object-Oriented Models?
Which best describes the Object Oriented analysis approach
Use Case, UML
Which two models are best associated with Object-Oriented
The feature of Objects that promote code reusability
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