32 terms

Myers Personality Italicized words

a part of the mind where we can temporarily store thoughts from which we can retrieve them into conscious awareness
reality principle
the principle that the ego seeks to gratify the id's impulses in realistic ways that will bring long-term pleasure
manifest content
the remembered content of dreams
latent content
the unconscious wishes of a dreamer
oral stage, 0-18 months
pleasure centers on the mouth - sucking, chewing, and biting
anal stage, 18-36 months
pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands for control
phallic stage, 3-6 years
pleasure zone is the genitals; coping with incestuous feelings
latency stage (6 to puberty)
dormant sexual feelings
genital stage (puberty on)
maturation of sexual interests
inferiority complex
an idea proposed by Alfred Adler that the individual is overcoming feelings of inferiority
Karen Horney
countered Freud's idea that women suffer "penis envy" and have weak superegos
Carl Jung
proposed the idea of a collective unconscious
psychodynamic theory
a descendant of psychoanalytic theory; held by Neo-Freudian theory
false consensus effect
the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share our beliefs and behaviors
factor analysis
the statistical procedure to identify clusters of test items that tap basic components of intelligence (or, in this case, personality traits)
Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, Openness, and Extraversion
Organized vs. Disorganized
Careful vs. Careless
Disciplined vs. Impulsive
Soft-hearted vs. Ruthless
Trusting vs. Suspicious
Helpful vs. Uncooperative
Calm vs. anxious
Secure vs. Insecure
Self-satisfied vs. self-pitying
Imaginative vs. Practical
Preference for variety vs. Preference for routine
Independent vs. Conforming
Sociable vs. Retiring
Fun-loving vs. Sober
Affectionate vs. Reserved
person-situation controversy
is behavior influenced more by environment or does a consistent personality exist
attributional style
the way that people rationalize consequences
in contemporary psychology, assumed to be the center of personality, the organizer of our thoughts, feelings, and actions
one's feelings of high or low self worth
the ability to control impulses and delay gratification
a personality trait characterized by instability, anxiety, aggression, etc
state of being
controlled by or done according to conscience; scrupulous
meticulous; careful; painstaking; particular
ability to tolerate change
the directing of one's interest outwards, esp towards social contacts
the state of being willing or ready to agree or consent
Alfred Adler
proposed inferiority complex