Ancient Greece Chapter 6
Terms in this set (38)
land surrounded by water on three sides
a long poem, such as the Iliad
a high, rocky hill on or near which early people built cities
a member of a rich and powerful family
a ruler who seized power by force
government by citizens
Describe the three kinds of government that developed in the Greek city states after the Dark Ages.
a.)aristocrats who controlled most of the good land
b.)Then, tyrants who overthrew the aristocracies and were supported by the middle class
c.)Then democracies formed in which the people govern themselves
One important event that took place during the Dark Ages of Greece was the disappearance of writing.
The laws introduced by the Athenian leader Solon helped the city become a leading democracy.
Because of the geography of ancient Greece, the Greek communities developed separate customs and beliefs.
a payment made by a city to an empire
able to live forever
a person who uses the power of the mind to understand natural events
a serious story that usually ends in disaster for the main character
a leader of Athens who encouraged democracy
a temple that was built to honor Athena
a famous philosopher from Athens
Most Greeks believed their gods were the source of everything
During the Golden age of Greece, Athenians made great achievements in the arts
a.)a public market and meeting place
b.) where men discussed politics and philosophy
c.)it was the center of public life in Athens
Describe the lives of men, women, and slaves in ancient Athens.
a.) men - had the rights of citizens, such as voting and holding office; owned property and could get an education; enjoyed freedom
b.) women - were expected to stay home, run the household, take care of children and slaves
c.) slaves - did all the work in the city-states-farming, mining, household work, and construction.
Some scholars believe that in ancient Athens, one third of all people were slaves.
The Acropolis was the center of Athens' religious life, and the Agora was the center of its public life
a widespread disease
the surrounding and closing of a harbor
a slave in Sparta
their army attacked Athens in the 400's B.C.
a battlefield 25 miles north of Athens
Unlike Athens, in ancient Sparta the government concentrated all of its resources on creating brave and skillful warriors.
wild uncivilized person
to murder for political reason
Alexander the Great
conquered almost all of the known worlds
he developed geometry
he discovered that people could use pulleys and levers to lift very heavy objects
Describe three features of Greek culture that could be seen in Hellenistic kingdoms.
a.) Greek kings ruled, and had the most important jobs
b.) There were Greek temples and Agoras
c.) Greeks gathered at large theaters for tragedies
Describe the contributions of Euclid, Erastothenes, and Archimedes.
a.) Euclid - developed geometry
b.) Erastosthemes - calculated the distance around the world
c.) Archimedes - discovered the people could use pulleys and levers to lift very heavy objects
During the Hellenistic period, there were important achievements in mathematics and science.
Write 3 facts about Greece that are not on the test.
a.) Most Athenians ate little meat, even wealthy families only ate meat during religious festivals.
b.) Spartan culture was the most valued strength.
c.) Every Spartan was in the hands of the government.