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9 terms

Parts of an Enzyme (test 3)

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cofactor
made up of minerals, usually metal ions, helps form part of the active site
coenzyme
Made up of vitamins, helps form part of the active site
Apoenzyme
Protein scaffolding;where the cofactor and coenzyme attach
Holoenzyme
cofactor+coenzyme+apoenzyme
Allosteric site
Site that that can can be used to change the shape of the enzyme which causes the substrate to not be able to bind with the enzyme, can be used to slow down reactions (inhibit) to slow production of end product.
Allosteric Inhibitor
Inhibitor that binds with allosteric site; non-competitive inhibitor
competitive inhibitor
Chemical that binds with the active site blocking the normal substrates from binding with the enzyme
Substrate
molecules that bind with enzyme in active site
Enzyme-substrate complex
Enzyme+substrate after binding