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Study Guide For Goverment
Terms in this set (32)
the law of soil, which determines citizenship based on where a person is born
A legal process to obtain citizenship
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
a system of government that gives citizens the opportunity to vote for representatives who work on their behalf
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
Rule of Law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern are not above the law
An agreement between the people and their government signifying their consent to be governed
justice to be held to all citizens
Government is restricted to its basic functions
the legitamcy of the goverment depends on the will of the governened
Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to the states belong to the states and the people
powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution
powers shared by both the federal and state governmets
Public policy (How do
A course of action accepted or used by a government to respond to a problem
Presidential cabinet -
Established in Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution, the Cabinet's role is to
advise the President on any subject he may require relating to the duties of each
member's respective office
Staff, policies and actions of admirative groups led by nonelected officials to carry
out specific laws and responsibilities
A bureaucratic organization is a form of management that has a pyramidal
command structure. The bureaucratic organization is very organized with a high
degree of formality in the way it operates.
The power to review and cancel laws or acts of government if determined to be
Consent of the
the people who in power are given the power by the governed and if the governed
do not give them power then they do not have to follow their rules.
people give consent through their votes to give certain people the power to make
decisions on their behalf - sometimes called a republic
form of government where qualified voters elect representatives who carry out the
work of government and are responsible to the people.
Rule of Law
No one is above or below the law
division of powers among the local, state and federal governments.
Consent of the
Governed or Social
the idea that people agree or consent to government authority and in return the
government protects the people and their rights.
Separation of Powers
dividing the government power into legislative, executive and judicial branches
Individual rights - specific rights that belong to each person.
The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary
servitude, except as punishment for a crime. In Congress, it was passed by the Senate on April 8,
1864, and by the House on January 31, 1865. The amendment was ratified by the required number of
states on December 6, 1865.
The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to
all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former slaves—and
guaranteed all citizens "equal protection of the laws." One of three amendments passed
during the Reconstruction era to abolish slavery and establish civil and legal rights for
black Americans, it would become the basis for many landmark Supreme Court
decisions over the years.
The 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution granted African American men the right to vote by declaring that the "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the
United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." Although
ratified on February 3, 1870, the promise of the 15th Amendment would not be fully realized for
almost a century. Through the use of poll taxes, literacy tests and other means, Southern states were
able to effectively disenfranchise African Americans. It would take the passage of the Voting Rights
Act of 1965 before the majority of African Americans in the South were registered to vote.
The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution allows Congress to levy an income tax
without apportioning it among the states on the basis of population.
The 17th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution allows people in each state to elect two U.S.
senators by popular vote. Previously, senators were selected by state legislatures, as required by
Article 1, section 3 of the Constitution. When state legislatures began fighting over their Senate
selections and leaving seats vacant for long periods, Congress decided to propose an amendment
to the Constitution to give citizens the right to choose their senators directly. The states ratified
the 17th Amendment, and it went into effect on April 8, 1913.
The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits the states and the federal
government from denying the right to vote to citizens of the United States on the basis of sex
RATIFIED: August 18, 1920 - 100 years THIS year!!!
No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held
the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other
person was elected President shall be elected to the office of President more than once.
The Twenty-sixth Amendment (Amendment XXVI) to the United States Constitution prohibits the
states and the federal government from using age as a reason for denying the right to vote to citizens
of the United States who are at least eighteen years old
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