Basic Human Anatomy (Quiz 1)

Basis of Body function
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 60
Terms in this set (60)
Cutting and separating tissueDissectionFeeling structures with fingertipsPalpationListening to sounds made by the bodyAuscultationTapping of the bodyPercussionViewing body without surgeryMedical ImagingPhotographing internal structures with X-rayRadiologyForm of high energy radiationX-rayProduces image as a slice, much clearer pictureComputed tomographyBetter for soft tissueMRIAssess Metabolic state of tissuePET scanTreats diseaseNuclear medicineHand held, inexpensiveBenefits of SonographyStudy of how different species have evolvedComparative PhysiologyOrganization, cells, metabolism, Growth, development, excitability, homeostasis, reproduction, evolutionBiological Qualities of living thingsAbility to maintain internal stabilityHomeostasisReverses changes made to the bodyNegative FeedbackWarm blood flows to surface where it can cool offVasodilationWarm blood goes deeper to keep you warmVasoconstrictionSenses change in bodyReceptorThermostat of the bodyIntegrating control centerWhat restore HomeostasisEffectorsChange that leads to greater change (Child Birth)Positive FeedbackSingle complete individualOrganismGroup of organs that carry out a basic functionOrgan systemComposed of two or more tissuesOrganMass of similar cellsTissueSmallest unites that carry out all functions of lifeCellsCarry out cells functionsOrganellesStanding straight, feet flat, facing observerAnatomical PositionEverything but the limbsAxial RegionHypochondriac, lumbar, and inguinalThree lateral regions of the abdomenUpper and lower limbsAppendicular RegionSpace between joinsLimb segmentContains BrainCranial CavitySpace that passes down the vertebral columnVertebral canalLines both cranial and vertebral cavitiesMeningesContains esophagus, trachea, thymus, and heartThoracic CavityMembrane surrounding heartPericardiumMembrane enclosing lungsPleuraDigestive organs, spleen, kidneys, uretersAbdominal CavityLower large intestine, bladder, urethra, and reproductive organsPelvic CavityMembrane that lines abdominal cavityPeritoneumSkin, hair, nails, cutaneous glandsIntegumentary systemBones cartilages, ligamentsSkeletal systemSkeletal musclesMuscular systemLymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsilsLymphatic systemNose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungsRespiratory systemKidney, Ureters, Urinary bladder, urethraUrinary systemBrain, spinal cord, nerves, gangliaNervous systemDiffering from humans and other animalsDirectional terms