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KINGDOM FUNGI

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mold
a fungus that grows in the form of a tangled mass of filaments.
yeast
Single-celled fungus that reproduces asexually by binary fission or by the pinching of small buds off a parent cell
hyphae
branching, threadlike tubes that make up the bodies of multicellular fungi
chitin
Complex carbohydrate that makes up the cell walls of fungi
mycology
the branch of botany that studies fungi and fungus-caused diseases
mycelium
The densely branched network of hyphae in a fungus.
septa
the cells that make up hyphae are divided by these cross sections
coenocytic hyphae
hyphae that contain no septa and appear as long, continuous cells with many nuclei
budding
asexual reproduction in which a part of the parent organism pinches off and forms a new organism
fragmentation
A means of asexual reproduction whereby a single parent breaks into parts that regenerate into whole new individuals.
rhizoids
the hyphae that anchors the mold to the surface of the bread and that penetrates the breads surface
stolons
Stemlike hyphae that runs along the surface of the food source
gametangium
a sexual reproductive structure that contains a nucleus of a mating type
lichen
Symbiotic association between a fungus and a photosynthetic organism
mycorrhiza
Symbiotic association between fungi and plant roots
asci
the sac in ascomycetes in which the sexual spores are formed.
Zygomycota
Common molds, have life cycles that include zygospore
Basidomycota
Taxonomic phylum of fungi which produce basidiospores sexually and contain mushrooms
Ascomycota
Sac fungi, contains ascus, structure of reproduction that contain spores.
fungi imperfecti
Fungi that is unclassified due to no discovery of a sexual cycle.