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acute (formerly adult) respiratory distress syndrome
- a group of signs and symptoms influding tachypnea, dyspnea, tachycardia, hypoxemia, and cyanosis associated with acute respiratory failure
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
-airway obstruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis
3 basic steps (ABC)
A) Airway opened by tilting the head
B) Breathing restored by mouth-to-mouth
C) Circulation restored by external cardiac compression
diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
-toxoids for vaccination of infants to provide immunity for these diseases
forced vital capacity
-amount of gas that can be forcibly and rapidly exhaled after a full inspiration
- a type of pneumonia seen in pateitns with AIDS or other immunosuppression
positive expiratory pressure
-mechanical ventilator strategy in which patient takes a deep breath and then exhales thru a device that resists air flow (helps refill underventilated areas of the lung)
positive end-expiratory pressure
-common mechanical ventilator setting in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure
respiratory distress syndrom
-in the newborn infant, condition marked by dyspnea and cyanosis and related to absence of surfactant.
respiratory syncytial virus
-common caused of bronchiolitis, broncho pneumonia, and the common cold
total lung capacity
-volume of gas in the lungs at the end of maximal inspiration; equals VC plus RV
-equals inspiratory reserve volume plus expiratory reserve volume plus tidal volume
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