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47 terms

LOM Ch. 12 abbreviations

Respiratory tract
STUDY
PLAY
ABCs
arterial blood gases
AFB
acid-fast bacillus

-type of organism that occurs in tuberculosis
ARDS
acute (formerly adult) respiratory distress syndrome

- a group of signs and symptoms influding tachypnea, dyspnea, tachycardia, hypoxemia, and cyanosis associated with acute respiratory failure
BAL
bronchioalveolar lavage
bronch
bronchoscopy
CF
Cystic fibrosis
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

-airway obstruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis
CPAP
continuous positive airway pressure
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation

3 basic steps (ABC)
A) Airway opened by tilting the head
B) Breathing restored by mouth-to-mouth
C) Circulation restored by external cardiac compression
C&S
culture and sensitivity testing (of sputum)
CTPA
computed tomography pulmonary angiography
CXR
chest x-ray
DI(CO)
diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide
DOE
dyspnea on exertion
DPT
diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus

-toxoids for vaccination of infants to provide immunity for these diseases
FEV1
forced expiratory volume in 1 second
FVC
forced vital capacity

-amount of gas that can be forcibly and rapidly exhaled after a full inspiration
HCO3-
bicarbonate
ICU
intensive care unit
LLL
left lower lobe
LUL
left upper lobe
MDI
metered-dose inhaler
NSCLC
non-small cell lung cancer
OSA
obstructive sleep apnea
PaCO2
carbon dioxide partial pressure

- to measure amt in arterial blood
PaO2
oxygen partial pressure

- a measure of the amt of oxygen in arterial blood
PCP
pneumocystis pneumonia

- a type of pneumonia seen in pateitns with AIDS or other immunosuppression
PE
pulmonary embolism
PEP
positive expiratory pressure

-mechanical ventilator strategy in which patient takes a deep breath and then exhales thru a device that resists air flow (helps refill underventilated areas of the lung)
PEEP
positive end-expiratory pressure

-common mechanical ventilator setting in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure
PFTs
pulmonary function tests
PND
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
PPD
purified protein derivative

-substance used in a tuberculosis test
RDS
respiratory distress syndrom

-in the newborn infant, condition marked by dyspnea and cyanosis and related to absence of surfactant.
RLL
right lower lobe
RSV
respiratory syncytial virus

-common caused of bronchiolitis, broncho pneumonia, and the common cold
RUL
right upper lung
RV
residual volume

-amount of air remaining in lungs at the end of maximal expiration
SCLC
small cell lung cancer
SOB
shortness of breath
TB
tuberculosis
TLC
total lung capacity

-volume of gas in the lungs at the end of maximal inspiration; equals VC plus RV
URI
upper respiratory infection
V(t)
tidal volume

-amt of air inhaled and exhaled during a normal ventilation
VATS
video-assisted thoracic surgery (thoracoscopy)
VC
vital capacity

-equals inspiratory reserve volume plus expiratory reserve volume plus tidal volume
V/Q scan
ventilation-perfusion scan

-radioactive test of lung ventilation and blood perfusion throughout the lung capillaries (lung scan)