Greek Achievments

Philosophy & Philosophers
A. Thales - 1st Greek philosopher - searched for explanation that the world rested on water
B. Socrates - Questioned everything - eventually was put to death
C. Plato - student of Socrates - wrote two books
D. Aristotle - student of Plato/teacher of Alexander the Great - 1st to promote Scientific Method of observation then theory
- Father of medicine - looked for natural causes
- Hippocratic oath - Requires all doctors to act ethically & morally
Anaxagorus - Solar eclipse explanation
Aristarchus - astronomer - earth revolved around the sun
Archimedes - Body weight in H20
A. Direct Democracy - Everyone citizen (only men) votes. Was like this in Ancient Greece
B. Representative Democracy - Vote on Representatives to vote on issue
Originally songs/dances in marketplaces (agoras) - then open air theaters. BY 5th century BC 2 types of plays
- Comedy
A. Greek Myths - about gods & heroes
B. Epics poems - celebrating heroic deeds - Illiad & Odyssey (Homer)
C. Lyric poems - concerned with feelings
A. Herodotus - wrote about the Persian Wars
- Father of History
- 1st to gather facts and write them down
- Word history comes from name
B. Thucydides - wrote about the Peloponnesian War
Tried to understand events based on actions - like a reporter
A. Parthenon - Temple to Athena - Parts still stand
B. Agoras - open air theatre
C. COlumns (p. 490)
- Doric - Simple
- Ionic - Swirls
- Corinthian - Leaves
Sports to honor gods
A. Every 4 years - Athletic competition
1. Only Greek men in Olympia
2. Prize was originally olive wreath
Started with just a foot race
3. Started with just a foot race
4. Pentathlon - revealed best all-around athlete
B. Heraia - Women had own Olympics
ours is similar today; adapted from the Phoenician alphabet between 1100-700 BC
A. Pythagours - Geometry Theorem
B. Euclid - the Father of geometry
C. Abacus - counting tool
A. Sculptures - human, lifelike
B. Paintings