42 terms

USII.4 America in the Late 19th Century

Reasons for Westward Expansion
- land ownership
- technological advances
- adventure
- possibility of wealth
- new beginning for former slaves
discovery of gold and silver
created the possibility for wealth and motivated some to move west
Battle of Little Bighorn
a major Native American victory in a series of defeats
Sitting Bull
Native American leader at the Battle of Little Bighorn
Apache chief
Native Americans were forcibly relocated here from their traditional lands
Chief Joseph
Nez Perce leader who vowed to "fight no more forever"
Battle of Wounded Knee
last major battle between the Native Americans and the army; a massacre
Westward expansion led to reduced...
...buffalo populations
making something resemble a larger group
assimilation was one way to change this
Native American lifestyle
results of broken treaties
reduction of Native American homelands
reasons for increased immigration
- better opportunities
- escape oppressive government
- adventure
- religious freedom
reasons why cities developed
- specialized industry
- immigration
- movement from rural areas for jobs
Jane Addams
founder of Hull House
Hull House
a settlement house
political machines
gained power by attending to the needs of immigrants
immigrant groups who were discriminated against
Irish and Chinese
challenges faced by cities
- tenements
- ghettos
- political corruption
year Native Americans were first considered to be citizens
Booker T. Washington
believed equality could be achieved through vocational education and accepted social separation
W.E.B. DuBois
believed in full political, civil and social rights for African Americans
Thomas Edison
electic lighting and mechanical uses of electricity
Alexander Graham Bell
reasons for the rise of big business
- Captains of Industry
- low-cost production
- advertising
- national markets
John D. Rockefeller
captain of the oil industry
Andrew Carnegie
captain of the steel industry
Cornelius Vanderbilt
captain of the shipping and railroad industries
invention that helped lower production costs
assembly line
invention that helped create national markets
reasons for the growth of industr
- financial resource
- available work force
- inventions
- access to raw materials and energy
making things using machines
effects of mechanization
reduced farm labor needs and increased production
negative effects of industrialization
- child labor
- low wages
- long hours
- unsafe conditions
American Federation of Labor
a labor union
Homestead Strike
a strike at a Carnegie steel plant
Progressive Movement workplace reforms
- improved safety conditions
- reduced work hours
- restricted child labor
Suffrage Movement
- increased education opportunities for women
- worked to gain voting rights for women
19th amendment
gave women the right to vote
suffrage workers
Elizabeth Cady Stantion and Susan B. Anthony
Temperance Movement
groups opposed to the making and consuming of alcohol who supported the 18th amendment
18th amendment