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46 terms

Mango and Papaya:)

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amino acids
building blocks of proteins
basal metabolic rate
amount of energy needed to maintain life when the body is at rest
bland diet
easily digested foods that don't irritate digestive tract
calcium
...
calorie
unit that measures the amount of energy contained within the chemical bonds of different foods
carbohydrate
main source of energy for the body
cholesterol
fat in animal products like meat, cheese, and eggs
complete proteins
proteins that contain all amino acids
empty calories
found in foods like candy, dont have a nutritional value
fat
a natural oily or greasy substance
fiber
found in plant foods like cereal, whole grain breads, beans and peas, other vegetables and fruit
fluorine
in drinking water, needed for bones and teeth
food guide pyramid
represents the five food groups, as well as fats and oils
HDL
high density lipoprotein- remove excess cholesterol from cells and carries it back to liver to be broken down
incomplete proteins
proteins that do not contain all amino acids
iodine
in shellfish and iodized salt, needed to make thyroid hormone
iron
in liver, lean meats, needed to make hemoglobin
LDL
low density lipoprotein- carries fat to cells
liquid diet
clear or full of liquids
lipids
source of energy
low cholesterol diet
restrict foods high in saturated fat
metabolism
use of food nutrients by the body to produce energy
mineral
from inorganic compounds in food
nutrient
a substance that provides nourishment essential for growth and the maintenance of life
potassium
...
protein
source of energy
purging
vomiting and laxative abuse
recommended daily Allowances
chart that lists recommended intake of vitamins and minerals
regular diet
...
roughage
the indigestible part of food
sodium
...
sodium restricted diet
reduced salt intake
trace element
present in very small amounts, toxic levels are close to healthy levels
vitamin
biologically active organic compound
vitamin A
fat soluble, can be stored in the body
vitamin K
fat soluble, can be stored in the body
vitamin C
water soluble, can't be stored, excess excreted by the body
vitamin B1
water soluble, can't be stored, excess excreted by the body
Vitamin D
fat soluble, can be stored in the body
water
Essential nutrient
Anorexia nervosa
serious mental disorder, mostly in teenage females
anorexia
loss of appetite
bulimia
episodic binge eating followed by purging
deficiency diseases
fluorine- tooth decay, iodine- enlarged thyroid, iron- anemia
malnutrition
state of poor nutrition due to diet or illness
obesity
weighs 15% more than optimal body weight for gender, height, and bone structure