30 terms

CE.5 The Political Process

STUDY
PLAY
functions of political parties
- recruiting and nominating candidates
- educating the electorate about campaign issues
- helping candidates win election
- monitoring actions of office holders
electorate
group of qualified voters
The American political process is characterized by...
...a two-party system
...rarely win elections.
Third parties...
similarities between political parties
- organize to win elections
- influence public policy
- reflect both liberal and conservative views
- defines themselves in a way to win majority support
political center
where the most voters are found; political parties try to appeal to them
differences between political parties
found in a party's platform and reflected in their campaigning
platform
stated goals of a political party
third parties
- introduce new ideas
- often revolve around a political personality
Teddy Roosevelt
a political personality associated with third parties
Strategies for evaluating campaign literature
- separating fact from opinion
- detecting bias
- identifying propaganda
- evaluating sources
bias
prejudice
role of the mass media in elections
- identifying candidates
- emphasizing selected issues
- writing editiorials and creating political cartoons
- broadcasting different points of view
Running for political office is...
...expensive
Effects of Rising Campaign Costs
- require candidates to conduct extensive fund raising
- limit opportunities to run for public office
- give an advantage to the wealthy
- encorage the development of PACs
- give special interest groups increased influence
PAC
Political Action Committee
campaign finance reform
limits exist on the amount individuals may contribute to candidates and campaigns
registration
required before a citizen may vote
Qualifications to register to vote in Virginia
- 18 years of age by the general election
- U.S. citizen
- resident of Virginia and your precinct
Where to register
- registrar's office
- DMV
- other designated sites
Registration closes...
...22 days before elections
factors that predict who will vote
- age
- education
- income
reasons citizens fail to vote
- lack of interest
- failure to register
there is usually greater turn out at these elections
presidential
system used to elect the president and vice president
electoral college
how electors are chosen for each state
popular vote
the winner take all system results in this
the targeting of large states
when small states still matter
in tight elections
each states electors are equal to that states -
congressional representation
Why does the electoral college favor a two party system?
there is a requirement for a majority to win

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