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A segment of DNA on a chromosome that controls the production of proteins and codes for a specific trait
the result of fertilization. A cell with "n" female and "n" male chromosomes that now has "2n".
a process that is a type of cell division that results in a gamete being formed that contains half the number of chromosomes of its parent. It's called Reduction Division.
exchange of genetic material (chromosomal segments) between homologous chromosomes during prophase I of meiosis
trait that will only appear in the phenotype if organism inherits two of them; covered up by the dominant gene
law of segregation
states that the two alleles for each trait separate during meiosis AND during fertilization two alleles are each trait unite.
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