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Includes: Philosophy and Philosophers Medicine Science Democracy Theater Literature History Architecture Olympics Alphabet Math Art


1st Greek philosopher-searched for explanation that the world rested on water & the occurrence of earthquakes


Questions for everything-Questions criticized government and was put to death


student of Socrates
Wrote to books
Republic (book on the best way to govern)
The Apology (book as a response to Socrates)


Student of Plato/teacher of Alexander the Great
1st to promote Scientific Method of observation then theory


Father of Medicine - looked for natural causes
Hippocratic Oath - requires all doctors to act ethically and morally


explained solar eclipes


found out that the earth revolved around the sun


law of physics
found out how water rises with a person in it

Direct Democracy

Every citizen (only men) votes. It was like this in Ancient Greece

Representative Democracy

vote on representative to vote on the issue


originally songs/dances in marketplaces (agoras) then open air theaters - By 5th century BC 2 types of plays
Tragedy - serious, tragic end
Comedy - light-hearted/joke, humor

Greek Myths

about gods and heros

Epics Poems

celebrating heroic deeds
Iliad and Oddessy (Homer)

Lyric Poems

concerned with feelings


wrote about the Persian Wars
Father of History
1st to gather facts and write them down
Word history comes from name


wrote about the Peloponnesian War
Tried to understand events based on actions---like a reporter


Temple to Athena - Parts still stand


open air theaters


• Doric - Simple
• Ionic - Swirls
• Corinthian - Leaves


Sports to honor gods
Every 4 years - Athletic competition
1. Only Greek men in Olympia
2. Prize was originally olive wreath
3. Started with just a foot race
4. Pentathlon - revealed best all - around athlete


Women had own Olympics in non-Olympic years


ours is similar today; adapted from the Phoenician alphabet between 1100 - 700 BC


Pythagorus - Geometry Theorem
Euclid - the father of geometry
Abacus - counting tool


Sculptures - human, lifelike

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