24 terms

Greek Achievements 1

Includes: Philosophy and Philosophers Medicine Science Democracy Theater Literature History Architecture Olympics Alphabet Math Art
STUDY
PLAY
Thales
1st Greek philosopher-searched for explanation that the world rested on water & the occurrence of earthquakes
Socrates
Questions for everything-Questions criticized government and was put to death
Plato
student of Socrates
Wrote to books
Republic (book on the best way to govern)
The Apology (book as a response to Socrates)
Aristotle
Student of Plato/teacher of Alexander the Great
1st to promote Scientific Method of observation then theory
Hippocrates
Father of Medicine - looked for natural causes
Hippocratic Oath - requires all doctors to act ethically and morally
Anaxagoras
explained solar eclipes
Aristarchus
astronomer
found out that the earth revolved around the sun
Archimedes
law of physics
found out how water rises with a person in it
Direct Democracy
Every citizen (only men) votes. It was like this in Ancient Greece
Representative Democracy
vote on representative to vote on the issue
Theater
originally songs/dances in marketplaces (agoras) then open air theaters - By 5th century BC 2 types of plays
Tragedy - serious, tragic end
Comedy - light-hearted/joke, humor
Greek Myths
about gods and heros
Epics Poems
celebrating heroic deeds
Iliad and Oddessy (Homer)
Lyric Poems
concerned with feelings
Herodotus
wrote about the Persian Wars
Father of History
1st to gather facts and write them down
Word history comes from name
Thucydides
wrote about the Peloponnesian War
Tried to understand events based on actions---like a reporter
Parthenon
Temple to Athena - Parts still stand
Agoras
open air theaters
Columns
• Doric - Simple
• Ionic - Swirls
• Corinthian - Leaves
Olympics
Sports to honor gods
Every 4 years - Athletic competition
1. Only Greek men in Olympia
2. Prize was originally olive wreath
3. Started with just a foot race
4. Pentathlon - revealed best all - around athlete
Heraia
Women had own Olympics in non-Olympic years
Alphabet
ours is similar today; adapted from the Phoenician alphabet between 1100 - 700 BC
Math
Pythagorus - Geometry Theorem
Euclid - the father of geometry
Abacus - counting tool
Art
Sculptures - human, lifelike
Paintings